William Henry Bay

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William Henry Bay
Bay
William Henry Bay is located in Alaska
William Henry Bay
William Henry Bay
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 58°43′3.72″N 135°14′21.84″W / 58.7177000°N 135.2394000°W / 58.7177000; -135.2394000
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough Haines Borough
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)

William Henry Bay is a waterway in the U.S. state of Alaska. It is located near Haines in the Alexander Archipelago.[1][2] The only commercial copper deposit in Southeast Alaska situated north of Prince of Wales Island was located in the bay.[3] Significant gold and strategic mineral anomalies were found at William Henry Bay during surveys in 2011.[4]

Geography[edit]

The bay is situated 45 miles (72 km) northwest of Juneau on the western portion of the Lynn Canal.[5] It is about 0.75 miles (1.21 km) long and about 4 cables in width. Beardslee River flows into its head.[6] About 4 miles (6.4 km) to the north-west from William Henry Bay is Endicott River, coming in from the west through a narrow, deep gorge in the mountains.[7]

History[edit]

After Alaska was purchased by the US Government in 1867, the first effort to identify the timber trade route from Lynn Canal to Haines via William Henry Bay was made in 1869 by Navy Commander Richard Worsam Meade. Meade adopted the name from the Hudson Bay traders.[1] This was followed up by Navy Commander, Lester A. Beardslee who came to the bay in 1880 and purchased corded firewood. Detailed hydrographic surveys and marine charts were prepared. Farmers came to the bay area, and grew strawberries and rutabagas.[6] Though telecommunication cables of the Alaska Communications System existed here till the late 1950s, they are not reflected in the latest maps of the bay area.[6]

Mining

After copper claims were discovered about 1 mile (1.6 km) south-southwest of the head of the bay,[6] the Alaska Endicott Mining and Milling Company was established and began copper mining. In 1921, gold tracer mining was also initiated. During this period, the copper mining operations were not profitable and as a result, the mines were closed and the gold tracer studies were also discontinued.[6] At the initiative of the US Government, in the 1950s, many prospectors tried to locate uranium in the area – what became known as the "uranium rush". This was based on the airborne surveys, which revealed radiation about 2 miles (3.2 km) northwest of the bay at an elevation of about 1,800 feet (550 m). Noranda Exploration, Inc. and Nippon Mining commenced core drilling operations in the 1950s, but failed to establish a viable source worthy of economic development.[6] Efforts made in 1985 by Dale Henkins, who had nine continuous federal claims named the "Lucky Six uranium prospect", proved to be non-profitable.[6] During 2011, prospecting for gold and strategic mineral anomalies were pursued by Alaska state geologists, and findings of gold and strategic mineral anomalies (including rare earth elements) were reported in William Henry Bay.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wilson, Herbert Michael; Renshawe, John Henry; Douglas, Edward Morehouse; Richard Urquhart Goode (1901). Results of spirit-leveling, fiscal year 1900-'01 (Public domain ed.). Government printing office. pp. 436–. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Marquis, Kim (March 10, 2010). "Committee rejects land bill amendment". Juneau Empire. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Roppel, Pat (August 1, 2012). "Southeast History: William Henry Bay's forgotten mine". Capital City Weekly. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Jensen, Andrew (August 27, 2012). "Survey finds valuable minerals north of Juneau". Juneau Empire. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  5. ^ Geological Survey (U.S.) (1963). Contributions to economic geology of Alaska. U.S. General Printing Office. pp. 44–. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Roppel, Pat (July 25, 2012). "Southeast History: Happenings at William Henry Bay". Capital City Weekly. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  7. ^ Nichols, Henry Ezra; Davidson, George; U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (1891). Pacific Coast pilot: Alaska. Dixon entrance to Yakutat Bay with inland passage from Strait of Fuca to Dixon entrance (Public domain ed.). U.S. General Printing Office. pp. 199–. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  8. ^ Jensen, Andrew (23 August 2012). "State geologists excited about results of strategic minerals survey". Alaska Journal of Commerce. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 

Coordinates: 58°43′04″N 135°14′22″W / 58.7177°N 135.2394°W / 58.7177; -135.2394