William Henry Campbell (Queensland politician)
|Member of the Queensland Legislative Council|
12 July 1906 – 17 June 1919
|Born||William Henry Campbell
18 July 1846
Jersey, Channel Islands
|Died||17 June 1919
Barcaldine, Queensland, Australia
|Resting place||Barcaldine Cemetery|
|Spouse(s)||Lucy Neale (m.1879 d.1944)|
William Henry Campbell was born on 18 July 1846 at Jersey in the Channel Islands, the son of Major-General Charles Stewart Campbell and his wife Elizabeth Charlotte (née Dale). His father was wounded at the Battle of Waterloo and was retired. The family moved to England where William Campbell attended private primary schools and Bluecoat School, a military school. He had a natural artistic skill, which he used to create pencil caricatures as well as oil and watercolour paintings.
At the age of about sixteen, William Campbell accompanied one of his brothers to New Zealand during the Māori Wars. William studied the Māori language and acted as an interpreter for his brother's regiment.
After that, he went to Queensland and made his way to the Palmer River Goldfields near Cooktown. There he contracted a fever which made him an invalid for months. While in North Queensland, he met Spencer Browne who had newspaper interests in Cooktown where the brothers Charles John James and Frederic Robert James were working. William Campbell contributed numerous articles on various subjects to this newspaper.
William Campbell then travelled to New South Wales where he wrote and sketched for a number of newspapers. Sir Henry Parkes liked his work and offered him an appointment at a salary of £1000 a year on one of his newspapers. He also travelled to Victoria and worked for a time on The Argus, a Melbourne newspaper.
In the early 1870s, William Campbell arrived in Blackall, Queensland, where he joined Mr Monahan in establishing a newspaper, The Western Champion. However, Mr Monahan retired soon after and William Campbell continued to run the newspaper on his own until 1879, when he was joined by the James brothers from Cooktown. The three entered into a partnership that continued until William Campbell's death. In about 1885, they relocated the newspaper to Barcaldine.
The death of Francis Reid Murphy created a by-election in the Queensland electoral district of Barcoo on 5 March 1892. Thomas McIlwraith, a former Queensland Premier urged William Campbell to stand for election against shearer, Tommy Ryan (not to be confused with the Queensland Premier T. J. Ryan), who was the first endorsed Labour candidate in Queensland. However, Tommy Ryan won the election.
Although he was not successful in state politics, William Campbell took an active interest in local affairs and was a member of the Barcaldine Divisional Board from 1897 to 1906, as well as involving himself in many other local organisations.
On 12 July 1906, William Campbell was appointed for life to the Queensland Legislative Council. He and his family moved to live in South Brisbane, but made regular visits back to Barcaldine. In January 1917, the Queensland Government requested William Campbell to be part of a commission to inspect Clermont, Queensland after devastating floods and to advise the government on how best to assist. During the visit to Clermont, William Campbell contracted asthma (today the link between flooding and asthma is well-known). The appointment terminated on his death on 17 June 1919.
William Campbell died on 17 June 1919 at his home Craignish, Barcaldine, Queensland aged 72 years 11 months. He had been ill for about two years prior to his death, suffering from asthma contracted in Clermont which weakened his heart. He was buried in the Barcaldine Cemetery on 18 June 1919.
- "The Passing of our Editor". The Western Champion and General Advertiser for the Central-Western Districts. Barcaldine, Qld. 21 June 1919. p. 10. Retrieved 27 December 2013 – via National Library of Australia.
- "FIRST LABOUR MEMBER". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane. 9 November 1936. p. 21. Retrieved 27 December 2013 – via National Library of Australia.
- "THE BARCOO ELECTION". The Brisbane Courier. 19 March 1892. p. 5. Retrieved 27 December 2013 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Floods & Water Damage". American Lung Association. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- "Alphabetical Register of Members of the Legislative Assembly 1860–2012 and the Legislative Council 1860–1922" (PDF). Queensland Parliament. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- "LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL". The Brisbane Courier. 13 July 1906. p. 5. Retrieved 27 December 2013 – via National Library of Australia.
- "THE FUNERAL". The Western Champion and General Advertiser for the Central-Western Districts. Barcaldine, Qld. 21 June 1919. p. 10. Retrieved 27 December 2013 – via National Library of Australia.