William Randolph II
William Randolph II (November 1681—October 19, 1741), also known as William Randolph Jr. or Councillor Randolph, was an American planter and politician. He was the Treasurer of Virginia and the oldest child of William Randolph and Mary Isham.
Biography and family
Randolph was born on the Turkey Island Plantation along the James River in Henrico County, Virginia in 1681 and resided there his entire life. He married Elizabeth Beverley (the daughter of Peter Beverley, a Speaker of the House of Burgesses and Treasurer of Virginia) around 1705 and the couple had five children that reached adulthood:[nb 1]
- Beverley Randolph (born ~1706) married Elizabeth Lightfoot and had no children.
- Peter Randolph (born ~1708) married Robert Bolling Jr.'s daughter, Lucille Bolling. They had four children, including Beverley Randolph, the eighth Governor of Virginia and Ann Bolling Randolph Fitzhugh, William Fitzhugh's wife.
- William Randolph III (c. 1710–1762), owner of Wilton plantation house, married Anne Harrison, the daughter of Benjamin Harrison IV, and had five children.
- Mary Randolph (1704–1777) married Joseph Rentfro 
- Elizabeth "Betty" Randolph (born ~1725) married Colonel John Chiswell and had at least four daughters who reached adulthood, including Susan R. Chiswell, the wife of John Robinson, the 32nd Speaker of the House of Burgesses.
|Ancestors of William Randolph II|
The town of Westham, Virginia was established on land that had been owned by Randolph. When Randolph died, his son Beverley inherited Westham Plantation and planned to create the town of Westham on part of it to facilitate trade in the Piedmont region of Virginia. After Beverley's sudden death, Peter Randolph inherited his brother's land and completed work on the project – renaming the town "Beverley" in honor of his older brother – with help from William Cabell and Peter Jefferson. Jefferson was one of a number of important Virginians, including Carter Braxton, Joshua Fry, John Hunter, Robert Rose, and William Stith. who purchased lots in the new town. Peter Randolph eventually sold Westham Plantation to his younger brother, William, who in turn sold the property to William Byrd III.
- William Randolph II had seven children. Two of his earliest children, Beverely and William, died very young and their names were given to older children.
- Page, Richard Channing Moore (1893). "Randolph Family". Genealogy of the Page Family in Virginia (2 ed.). New York: Press of the Publishers Printing Co. pp. 249–272.
- Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed. (1898). "The Randolphs: Randolph Genealogy". Some Colonial Mansions: And Those Who Lived In Them : With Genealogies Of The Various Families Mentioned. 1. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Henry T. Coates & Company. pp. 430–459.
- Byrd, William (1942). Woodfin, Maude Howlett, ed. Another Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover, 1739–1741: With Letters & Literary Exercises, 1696–1726. Richmond, Virginia: The Dietz Press. p. 57.
- Standard, W.G. (1895). "Major Robert Beverley and His Descendants". In Bruce, Philip A. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. III. Richmond, Virginia: The Virginia Historical Society. pp. 169–170.
- Randolph, Wassell (1949). William Randolph I of Turkey Island, Henrico County, Virginia: And His Immediate Descendants. Seebode Mimeo Service; distributed by Cossitt Library. p. 39.
- Randolph, Robert Isham (1936). The Randolphs of Virginia: A Compilation of the Descendants of William Randolph of Turkey Island and His Wife Mary Isham Of Bermuda Hundred (PDF).
- Hendricks, Christopher E. (2006). "The Piedmont". The Backcountry Towns of Colonial Virginia. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press. pp. 40–44. ISBN 9781572335431.