William Tatem, 1st Baron Glanely

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William J. Tatem
A great year Lord Glanely's horses (1921) (14763191481).jpg
Born 6 March 1868
Aplledore, England
Died 28 June 1942(1942-06-28) (aged 74)
Western-Super-Mare, England
Occupation Ship-owner, Race horse breeder

William James Tatem, 1st Baron Glanely (6 March 1868 – 28 June 1942), known as Sir William Tatem, Bt, between 1916 and 1918, was a Cardiff ship-owner and thoroughbred racehorse owner and breeder.

Career[edit]

Tatem was born in Appledore, North Devon from where he originally went to sea. He moved to Cardiff at the age of 18 and began work at the shipping offices of Anning Brothers. In 1897 he founded the Lady Lewis Steamship Company with a ship of that name and in 1910 this became the Tatem Steam Ship Company.

He became, in addition to that company, chairman of the Atlantic Shipping and Trading company, Dulverton Steamship company, the West of England Steamship Owners' Protection and Indemnity Association, and the British Corporation for Registration of Shipping and Aircraft. He was chairman of the Cardiff Shipowners' Association in 1907[1] and President of the Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers in 1935.[2]

He also came to have directorships in other industries in south Wales and elsewhere. He was chairman of Crosswells Brewery in Cardiff[3] and director of the Cardiff Docks and Railways company, Rhymney Railway company,[4] the Great Western Railway company, Anglo-Equadorian Oilfields and Lobitos Oilfields Ltd, Mount Stuart Drydocks Ltd, and Cardiff Exchange Co Ltd.[1]

Tatem was a DL and JP for the county of Glamorgan, of which he became High Sheriff in 1911, as well as becoming a JP for Wiltshire in 1922.[1]

He was created a Baronet in 1916[5] and raised to the peerage as Baron Glanely, of St. Fagans in the County of Glamorgan, on 28 June 1918.[6]

Philanthropy[edit]

Tatem was a benefactor of Cardiff University Cardiff and donated the money to build the 1904 Chemistry and Physics block.[citation needed]

In 1928 he became an honorary Freeman of the City of Cardiff.[1]

He provided £10,000 for the construction of a new church for the Ely district of Cardiff, the Church of the Resurrection, in memory of his wife Ada Mary. The church was consecrated in 1934.[7]

He was governor of Cardiff Royal Infirmary and President of the Royal Hamadryad Seamen's Hospital.[1]

Spanish Civil War[edit]

During the Spanish Civil War Glanely was part of widespread Welsh support for the Spanish Republic.[8] In 1937 he helped the National Joint Committee for Spanish Relief to open a home at Cambria House, Caerleon for 50 Basque child refugees.[9] He let the Basque Government charter his two oldest steamships, SS Molton and SS Pilton, to bring Republican refugees out of the Republican-held part of northern Spain,[10] which was encircled by insurgent forces. On 14 July Molton tried to enter Republican-held Santander but the insurgent cruiser Almirante Cervera captured her and the insurgent armed trawler Galerna took Molton to Bilbao, which by then had fallen to Franco's forces.[10] Pilton was more successful, firstly carrying many refugees out of Santander, and then on 27 July 1937 bringing refugees from Avilés to France.[11]

Thoroughbred horse racing[edit]

In the interwar period he was one of the leading owners in British flat racing. He bought the Lagrange stables at Newmarket in 1919 and maintained it until it was requisitioned by the British Army in 1939. He was British flat racing Champion Owner in 1919 and 1941, and was elected to the Jockey Club in 1929. His racing colours were black jacket, red, white and blue belt and cap.

He was chairman of the companies owning Cardiff and Chepstow racecourses.[1]

His horses won six British Classic Races:

Personal life[edit]

Tatem married, on 14 September 1897, Ada Mary, daughter of Thomas Williams of Pengam, Cardiff. The couple had issue one son, Thomas Shandon Tatem, born 20 July 1898, who died on 14 June 1905 aged six years.[2]

Lady Glanely died on 10 April 1930.[2] Lord Glanely was killed during World War II in an air-raid in Weston-super-Mare in June 1942, aged 74,[12] when, having no surviving heir, his titles became extinct.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Kelly's Handbook to the Titled, Landed and Official Classes, 1940. Kelly's. p. 793. 
  2. ^ a b c Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 1939. Burke's Peerage Ltd. p. 1083. 
  3. ^ The Complete Peerage, Volume XIII – Peerage Creations 1901–1939. St Catherine's Press. 1940. p. 278. 
  4. ^ Kelly's Handbook to the Titled, Landed and Official Classes, 1920. Kelly's. p. 681. 
  5. ^ "No. 29730". The London Gazette. 1 September 1916. p. 8592. 
  6. ^ "No. 30781". The London Gazette. 5 July 1918. p. 7940. 
  7. ^ Old, Harry. "Church of the Resurrection". History. CaerauwithEly.org. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  8. ^ Heaton, 2006, page 59
  9. ^ Heaton, 2006, pages 59–60
  10. ^ a b Heaton, 2006, page 60
  11. ^ Heaton, 2006, page 63
  12. ^ [1] CWGC Civilian Casualty Record, Municipal Borough of Weston-Super-Mare.
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Glanely
1918–1942
Extinct