Winter Kept Us Warm
|Winter Kept Us Warm|
|Directed by||David Secter|
|Produced by||David Secter|
|Written by||David Secter, Ian Porter, John Clute|
|Music by||Paul Hoffert|
|Cinematography||Robert Fresco, Ernest T. L. Meershoek|
|Edited by||Michael Foytényi|
|Distributed by||Filmmakers Distribution Center|
An independent film written, directed, and funded by David Secter, it occupies a unique place in the history of Canadian cinema as the first English-language Canadian film ever screened at the Cannes Film Festival. The film was screened in 1966 during the Semaine de la critique, a special non-competitive portion of the festival at which works of new filmmakers are shown. Its debut was as the opening film of the Commonwealth Film Festival in Cardiff, Wales on September 27, 1965.
The film starred John Labow as Doug Harris and Henry Tarvainen as Peter Saarinen, two very different students at the University of Toronto who develop a complex quasi-romantic friendship, and Joy Tepperman and Janet Amos as their girlfriends Bev and Sandra. The film's gay subtext was carefully coded by Secter, who wrote the film based on his own experience falling in love with a male fellow student, but feared that a more explicitly gay film would not attract an audience. Even some of the film's cast have claimed in interviews that they did not know at the time that the film was actually about homosexuality.
The film received a $750 grant from the University of Toronto Students' Union, along with permission to film several key scenes at Hart House; however, Secter had to fight the university administration for permission to film in other locations on campus. As well, the film was declined production grants from the Canada Council, the Ontario Arts Council and the National Film Board of Canada. Secter found much of the cast by placing a classified advertisement in the university's student newspaper The Varsity; however, for technical crew he largely had to go to Ryerson Polytechnic's film studies department.
According to Secter, "at the time I made it the very idea of making movies in Canada was an alien concept". His only prior film experience was the eight-minute short film Love with the Proper Guppy. Having been a film reviewer for The Varsity, he has stated that he was inspired by the French New Wave: "A lot of those New Wave guys had started out as critics, and I thought, ‘Hey, if they can move from talking about movies to making movies, why can’t I?’"
Frank Morriss of The Globe and Mail noticed the "overtones of homosexuality" in Doug and Peter's friendship. He reviewed the film positively overall, writing that "when the two fall into a casual relationship, Labow's accent on having a good time, and Tarvainen's earnest desire to make good, has interest. It is when Tarvainen gains confidence and Labow's emotional feelings begin to run amuck, that the movie begins to go down the drain, and lose direction." He ultimately concluded, however, that the film "has enough in its favour to deserve the patronage of film fans who want to see what a group of university students can do with the challenge of a feature movie."
Writing about the film for The Body Politic in 1982, Thomas Waugh expressed concern about the fact that gay-themed films of its era rarely depicted positive same-sex relationships, but instead usually centred on love triangles involving a woman; while acknowledging that Winter Kept Us Warm reflected this trope, he complimented the film for portraying its women characters with greater integrity than usual for the genre.
Although not widely remembered among the general public, Winter Kept Us Warm is considered a major milestone in the Canadian film industry as one of the first Canadian films ever to attract international attention. Secter made a second film, The Offering, in 1966, one of the first Canadian films to depict an interracial romance. Secter subsequently moved to the United States. In 1976, he directed the low budget sex comedy Getting Together, but subsequently left the film industry.
In the 1990s, Secter's nephew Joel Secter rented Getting Together, not knowing that his uncle had directed films. Seeing David's name in the credits, Joel contacted his uncle to talk about his film career. Those discussions ultimately led to Joel Secter's own debut as a filmmaker, the 2005 documentary The Best of Secter and the Rest of Secter. Notable figures who discussed Secter and Winter Kept Us Warm in the documentary included David Cronenberg, Michael Ondaatje, Philip Glass, Ed Mirvish and Lloyd Kaufman.
In 2015, the film was screened at Buddies in Bad Times during Toronto's Pride Week as the centrepiece of a selection of LGBT-themed Canadian films, to mark the launch of Thomas Waugh's Queer Media Database project.
- "Queer pioneer". Montreal Mirror, January 3, 2002.
- Martin Knelman, "He shoots The Offering in July". The Globe and Mail, May 19, 1966.
- David Secter, "Lack of experience helps: How to make a do-it-yourself movie without money". The Globe and Mail, November 17, 1965.
- Thomas Waugh, "Uncovering a forgotten Canadian gay film–from 1965". The Body Politic, May 1982. p. 36.
- Geoff Pevere, "David Secter, the Varsity visionary: How a low-budget student movie went to Cannes and influenced a generation of Toronto filmmakers". Toronto Star, June 25, 2011.
- Ralph Hicklin, "Friendship and $750 main ingredients of campus film". The Globe and Mail, November 21, 1964.
- Rosemary Speirs, "Secter receives award". The Globe and Mail, August 6, 1966.
- Frank Morriss, "College-made film well worth seeing". The Globe and Mail, December 7, 1965.
- Martin Knelman, "U of T star is born, lands in porn; '60s filmmaker went to Cannes, met Loren|. Toronto Star, May 18, 2005.
- Matthew Hays, "David Secter's Winter Kept Us Warm: Landmark 1965 gay Canadian film comes out on DVD". Xtra!, April 8, 2011.
- "Online database of queer Canadian movies launching at Toronto Pride". The Globe and Mail, June 24, 2015.