Winterbourne Earls

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Winterbourne Earls
A338 passing through Winterbourne Earls - geograph.org.uk - 189959.jpg
A338, Winterbourne Earls
Winterbourne Earls is located in Wiltshire
Winterbourne Earls
Winterbourne Earls
Location within Wiltshire
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSalisbury
Postcode districtSP4
Dialling code01980
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
WebsiteThe Winterbournes
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
Coordinates: 51°06′25″N 1°45′14″W / 51.107°N 1.754°W / 51.107; -1.754

Winterbourne Earls is a village in Wiltshire, England. The village is in the Bourne valley on the A338 road, about 3.4 miles (5 km) northeast of Salisbury.

The village adjoins Winterbourne Dauntsey. It is part of the civil parish of Winterbourne, formed in 1934 by amalgamating the three ancient parishes of Winterbourne Earls, Winterbourne Dauntsey and Winterbourne Gunner.[1]

History[edit]

Domesday Book in 1086 recorded a settlement with 28 households at Wintreburne, on land held by Edward of Salisbury.[2]

The name "Earls" came from the Earls of Salisbury who were lords of the manor in the thirteenth century. Since then, the manor has only changed hands twice: in 1551 it was leased to the Nicholas family by its owners, the Bishops of Salisbury, then in 1799 the Fort family took the lease and later bought the manor, retaining it until the mid-twentieth century.[1]

Churches[edit]

A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was built in 1843 at Hurdcott, immediately to the south of Winterbourne Earls.[3] The chapel closed in 1967 and the community is served by Bourne Valley Methodist Church at Winterbourne Dauntsey.

The Church of England parish church of St Michael and All Angels serves the village and Winterbourne Dauntsey. It was built next to the main road in 1867–8 by T.H. Wyatt and replaced an older church, probably built in the 12th century;[4] St Edward's at Winterbourne Dauntsey was closed at the same time.[5] Fragments of both older churches were used in the new church, and there are two roundels of 13th-century glass. The font bowl, pulpit and some of the monuments are also of older dates.[6]

At some point before 1867, the benefices of Winterbourne Earls and Dauntsey had been united and made a perpetual curacy.[7] Winterbourne Gunner was added to the union in 1924.[8] A team ministry was created for the area in 1973,[9] and in the same year the Dauntsey and Earls parishes were united.[10] Today the church is part of the Bourne Valley Churches grouping, alongside five nearby village churches.[11]

Facilities[edit]

Winterbourne Earls CofE Primary School serves the village and surrounding communities.[12] The school was built in 1992 on a new site to replace a National School dating from 1872.[13]

There is a pub at Hurdcott (the Black Horse) and another at Winterbourne Dauntsey (the Winterbourne Arms).[14]

Notable people[edit]

Henry Sherfield (c.1572–1634, lawyer and Member of Parliament) lived in the village.[15]

Notable members of the Nicholas family include Sir Edward Nicholas (1593–1669), MP and Secretary of State,[16] and his younger brother Matthew (1594–1661) who rose to become Dean of St Paul's Cathedral and is buried at Winterbourne Earls.[16][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Winterbourne". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  2. ^ Winterbourne in the Domesday Book
  3. ^ "Methodist Chapel, Hurdcott, Winterbourne Earls". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Old Church of St. Michael, Winterbourne Earls". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Church of St. Edward, Winterbourne Dauntsey". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Michael and All Angels, Winterbourne Earls (1135725)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  7. ^ "No. 23290". The London Gazette. 13 August 1867. p. 4485.
  8. ^ "No. 32899". The London Gazette. 18 January 1924. pp. 560–561.
  9. ^ "No. 45945". The London Gazette. 3 April 1973. p. 4305.
  10. ^ "No. 45994". The London Gazette. 31 May 1973. p. 6789.
  11. ^ "St Michael & All Angels Winterbourne Earls". Bourne Valley Churches. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  12. ^ "Winterbourne Earls Church of England Primary School". Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  13. ^ "Winterbourne Earls C. of E. Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  14. ^ "The Winterbourne Arms". Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  15. ^ "Sherfield, Henry". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/25361. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  16. ^ a b "NICHOLAS, Edward (1593-1669), of Dover Castle, Kent and King Street, Westminster; later of West Horsley, Surr". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 14 February 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ Wordsworth, Christopher, ed. (1902). The fifteenth century cartulary of St. Nicholas' hospital. Brown & Co. p. 109 – via Internet Archive.

External links[edit]

Media related to Winterbourne Earls at Wikimedia Commons