Winterbourne Gunner

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Winterbourne Gunner
Thatched Post Office - geograph.org.uk - 311374.jpg
Post Office, Winterbourne Gunner
Winterbourne Gunner is located in Wiltshire
Winterbourne Gunner
Winterbourne Gunner
Location within Wiltshire
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSalisbury
Postcode districtSP4
Dialling code01980
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
WebsiteThe Winterbournes
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
Coordinates: 51°06′58″N 1°44′35″W / 51.116°N 1.743°W / 51.116; -1.743

Winterbourne Gunner is a village in Wiltshire, England, about 4 miles (6 km) northeast of Salisbury. The village is near the River Bourne and the A338 road and is close to Winterbourne Dauntsey. It is part of the civil parish of Winterbourne, formed in 1934 by amalgamating the three ancient parishes of Winterbourne Earls, Dauntsey and Gunner.[1]

Toponymy and archaeology[edit]

The place-name 'Winterbourne Gunner' is first attested in 1275 in the Rotuli hundredorum, where it appears as Winterburn Gonnore. The name means 'winter river (i.e. one dry in summer) belonging to Gunnora de la Mare', who held the manor in 1250, according to the Book of Fees in the National Archives. Gunnora is a Norman woman's name of Old Scandinavian origin, as in Old Norse Gunnvor or Gunnor.[2]

Winterbourne Gunner has considerable archaeological interest. In 1960 workmen digging a pipeline came across a series of early Saxon graves, which subsequent excavations found to be particularly rich in grave goods.[3]

A 1994 dig in a nearby building plot by television programme Time Team (series 2, "The Saxon Graves") found several more early 6th century Saxon graves near Salt Lane, and discovered a series of Bronze Age features including a pond barrow and associated round barrows and urn burials, which the Saxons appear to have respected when selecting their burial sites. These show up as circular crop marks, with a diameter of 20 to 30 feet. The Bronze Age features were designated as Scheduled Monuments in July 1994.[4]

In 1999 a house at Winterbourne Gunner was the subject of a Series 2 episode of the BBC television series Meet the Ancestors.[5]

Later history[edit]

The London and South Western Railway's line between Andover and Salisbury opened in 1857, following the Bourne valley and passing just east of Winterbourne Gunner village. There was a station and goods yard nearby at Porton, which closed to goods in 1962 and passengers in 1968.[6]

There has been a military research and training site southeast of the village, beyond the railway line, since the First World War. A 1958 map shows many buildings, labelled simply as 'Barracks';[7] the site was refurbished in 2005[8] and is now the home of the Defence Chemical, Biological, Radiation and Nuclear Centre, as well as a training centre for the National Ambulance Resilience Unit.[9]

Parish church[edit]

St Mary's Church

The Church of England parish church of St Mary was designated as a Grade I listed building in 1958. It has twelfth- and thirteenth-century origins with additions in 1687 and 1810, and a restoration in 1886. It is constructed of flint with limestone dressings. The low, unbuttressed twelfth-century tower is at the west end and is rendered and whitewashed, and topped with a pyramidal tiled roof. The nave is short, and a porch was added on the south side at the time the south aisle was removed. The interior has a fourteenth-century roof over the nave with arch-braced trussed rafters with a moulded central tie beam. The font is late twelfth or early thirteenth century while the panelled limestone pulpit is nineteenth century.[10][11]

A united benefice was created for the three Winterbourne villages in 1924.[12] A team ministry was created for the area in 1973,[13] and today the church is part of the Bourne Valley Churches grouping, alongside five nearby village churches.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Winterbourne". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 26 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.525.
  3. ^ Musty, J.; Stratton, J. E. D. (1964). "A Saxon cemetery at Winterbourne Gunner, Near Salisbury". WANHM. 59: 86–109 – via Internet Archive.
  4. ^ Pastscape Scheduled Monument 966594 (A pond barrow and a bowl barrow 200 metres to the southeast of St Mary's Church, Winterbourne Gunner). 51°06′57″N 1°44′26″W / 51.115892°N 1.740509°W / 51.115892; -1.740509 (Winterbourne Gunner scheduled Monument)
  5. ^ "Meet the Ancestors". Series 5: Episode 3 of 6. BBC2. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  6. ^ Oakley, Mike (2004). Wiltshire Railway Stations. Wimbourne: The Dovecote Press. pp. 103–104. ISBN 1-904349-33-1.
  7. ^ "Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 sheet SU13". National Library of Scotland. 1958. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  8. ^ "British Army takes command of WMD defence centre in Salisbury". Plymouth Live. 4 April 2019. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  9. ^ "NARU Education Centre". Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary the Virgin, Winterbourne Gunner (1184486)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  11. ^ "Church of St. Mary, Winterbourne Gunner". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 3 September 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ "No. 32899". The London Gazette. 18 January 1924. pp. 560–561.
  13. ^ "No. 45945". The London Gazette. 3 April 1973. p. 4305.
  14. ^ "St Mary the Virgin Winterbourne Gunner". Bourne Valley Churches. Retrieved 13 February 2021.

External links[edit]

Media related to Winterbourne Gunner at Wikimedia Commons