Withania coagulans

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Withania coagulans
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Withania
Species: W. coagulans
Binomial name
Withania coagulans
(Stocks) Dunal
Synonyms[1]
  • Puneeria coagulans Stocks

Withania coagulans (Hindi: Paneer phool पनीरफूल, Sanskrit: Rishyagandha) is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family, native to Afghanistan, Pakistan and the Indian subcontinent.[2] Within the Withania genus, W. somnifera (Ashwagandha) and W. coagulans (Paneer booti/Ashutosh booti) are economically significant, and are cultivated in several regions for their use in Ayurveda.[3] The berries contain a rennet-like protease that can be used to clot milk for cheese production.[4][5] The plant is prone to leaf spot disease caused by Alternaria alternata.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Withania coagulans". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  3. ^ Mirjalili, M. H.; Moyano, E.; Bonfill, M.; Cusido, R. M.; Palazón, J. (2009). "Steroidal Lactones from Withania somnifera, an Ancient Plant for Novel Medicine". Molecules. 14 (7): 2373–2393. doi:10.3390/molecules14072373. PMID 19633611. 
  4. ^ "Henriette's Herbal Homepage. A "Rennet" Ferment Contained in the Seeds of Withania Coagulans. Sheridan Lea, The American Journal of Pharmacy, Vol. 56, March 1884". Retrieved 2 August 2016. 
  5. ^ Beigomi M, Mohammadifar MA, Hashemi M, Rohani MG, Senthil K, Valizadeh M (December 2014). "Biochemical and rheological characterization of a protease from fruits of Withania coagulans with a milk-clotting activity". Food Science and Biotechnology. 23 (6): 1805–1813. doi:10.1007/s10068-014-0247-5. 
  6. ^ Sharma, A; Singh, V; Singh, G; Pati, P. K (2013). "First Report of Leaf Spot Disease in Withania coagulans Caused by Alternaria alternata in India". Plant Disease. 97 (3): 420. doi:10.1094/PDIS-06-12-0559-PDN.