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Withania somnifera, blom, Manie van der Schijff BT.jpg
Withania somnifera
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Physaleae
Subtribe: Withaninae
Genus: Withania
Pauquy, 1825

See text


Alicabon Raf.
Archiphysalis Kuang
Manoelia Bowdich
Opsago Raf.
Physaliastrum Makino
Physaloides Moench
Puneeria Stocks

Withania is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae, with 23 species that are native to parts of North Africa, western Asia, south Asia, southern Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Canary Islands.[1][2]

Two of the species, W. somnifera (Ashwagandha) and W. coagulans (Ashutosh booti), are economically significant, and are cultivated in several regions for their medicinal uses.[1]


Although the author gave no explanation of the name,[3] Withania is thought to have been named in honour of Henry Witham, a British geologist and writer on fossil botany beginning in 1830.[4]

Selected species[edit]


  1. ^ a b Mirjalili, M. H.; Moyano, E.; Bonfill, M.; Cusido, R. M.; Palazón, J. (2009). "Steroidal Lactones from Withania somnifera, an Ancient Plant for Novel Medicine". Molecules. 14 (7): 2373–2393. doi:10.3390/molecules14072373. PMID 19633611. 
  2. ^ "Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2015-02-03. 
  3. ^ Pauquy, Charles-Louis-Constant. 1825. De la belladone, considérée sous ses rapports botanique, chimique, pharmaceutique, pharmacologique et thérapeutique, etc.[1]
  4. ^ "Withania". Electronic Flora of South Australia. Government of South Australia, Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 
  5. ^ "Withania coagulans (Stocks) Dunal". Flora of Pakistan. eFlora.org. 
  6. ^ "Withania coagulans (Stocks) Dunal". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 
  7. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved February 3, 2015. 

External links[edit]