Wolfgang Baldus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Wolfgang Baldus
Born1954 (age 64–65)
ResidenceMunich, Germany
NationalityGerman
OccupationGraphic designer and artist
Known forPhilatelic writing
Websitewww.wolfgang-baldus.de

Wolfgang Baldus (born 1954) is a German graphic designer, artist, and philatelic writer. He is known for his books on cinderella stamps in the series History and Background Stories of Unusual Stamps, and for his works on the philatelic forgeries and propaganda parodies produced by both sides during the First and Second World Wars.

Early life and career[edit]

A stamp of the Principality of Trinidad, 1893, the subject of one of Baldus's books.

Wolfgang Baldus was born in 1954.[1] He practices as a graphic designer and artist in Munich, Germany.[2]

Philatelic writing[edit]

Baldus's first book was the two volume Schwarze Post (1998) which dealt with the forged and propaganda stamps produced during the wars of the Twentieth Century.[3] It was later republished in an extended and revised edition as Postal Warfare Espionage Forgeries and Propaganda Parodies of Postage Stamps, Postcards and Letters.[4] In 2002 he produced Philatelic Witnesses: Stamps of Revolutions, one of only two of his works that was not self-published.

Genuine German 1941 Adolf Hitler 12pf stamp and American OSS skull parody stamp[5]

In 2003 he published The Postage Stamps of the Principality of Trinidad, the first in his series titled History and Background Stories of Unusual Stamps which had reached nine volumes by 2012. Baldus is known for his meticulous approach,[6] in which he describes the background, production, and distribution of stamps produced by non-government entities, fraudsters, and fantasists, that are among the cinderella stamps of philately; often well-known to collectors but previously unresearched. The most recent book in the series is The Postage Stamps of the Principality of Atlantis (2012).[7]

In 2005 he continued the subject of espionage forgeries and propaganda parody stamps that he had begun with Schwarze Post by publishing German Propaganda Parodies against Great Britain which covered the topic of forgeries and propaganda stamps produced by prisoners of the Nazi regime at Sachsenhausen concentration camp during the Second World War.[3] Often the forged or parody stamps have been of so much interest to philatelists that they have themselves been forged to meet collector demand and Baldus describes the different versions of the stamps, identifying the characteristics of the original forgeries or parodies and the later imitations.[6]

1895 $1 stamp of Clipperton Island

Also in 2005, he published OSS Hitler Stamps, A Philatelic Study on a Disputed Stamp Issue, a study of the stamps depicting Adolf Hitler that were produced by the United States Office of Strategic Services as part of Operation Cornflakes during the Second World War.[8] This operation included the forging of genuine German stamps as well as the creation of parody stamps such as one based on a genuine German 12pf stamp of 1941 that was changed to superimpose a skull over Hitler's face and with the wording changed from Deutsches Reich (German Empire) to Futsches Reich (broken or lost empire); the Americans hoped to infiltrate the stamps into the German mail system in order to undermine civilian morale.[5][9]

In 2006, he published The Postage Stamps of Clipperton Island, a postal history of Clipperton Island in the Pacific and a description of the local stamps issued in San Francisco in 1895 by the Oceanic Phosphate Company that had a guano business there from 1893 to 1897.[10][11]

In 2006, Baldus was invited to sign the Maurice Williams Roll of Notable Cinderella Philatelists.[12]

Publications[edit]

The publications of Wolfgang Baldus, all published by the author in Munich unless otherwise noted, are:[13]

History and Background Stories of Unusual Stamps series[edit]

  • The Postage Stamps of the Principality of Trinidad (2003)[14]
  • The Postage Stamps of the Independent State of Acre (2003)[15]
  • The Postage Stamps of the Republic of Independent Guyana: Republic of Counani Amazonia Locals. (2004)[16]
  • The Postage Stamps of the Kingdom of Sedang (2005)[17]
  • The Postage Stamps of Clipperton Island (2006)
  • The Postage Stamps of the Pao Tzu Ku Bandit Post (2007)
  • The Postage Stamps of Batèken (2009)
  • The Classic Postage Stamps of Bokhara (2011)
  • The Postage Stamps of the Principality of Atlantis (2012)[7]

Others[edit]

  • Schwarze Post. 2 Vols. (1998) (German language)
  • Philatelic Witnesses: Stamps of Revolutions. Album Publishing. (2002) ISBN 9781885184092
  • German Propaganda Parodies against Great Britain. Secret Stamp Production in the Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp. Great Britain & Commonwealth Philatelic Society, Berne. (2005) (2nd, 2006)
  • OSS Hitler Stamps, A Philatelic Study on a Disputed Stamp Issue. (2005)[8]
  • British Propaganda Forgeries of World War I. (2008)
  • Die Frank-Marke, Eine britische Propagandafälschung für das Generalgouvernement/The Frank Stamp, A British propaganda parody for the General Government. (2008) (With Michael Schweizer)
  • Parole der Woche (2009)
  • The President Who Lost His Face: A Philatelic Study on a Strange Postcard of Liberia. (2012)
  • Die Himmlermarke/The Himmler Stamp. (2013)[6]
  • Postal Warfare Espionage Forgeries and Propaganda Parodies of Postage Stamps, Postcards and Letters. (2 volumes) (n.d.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Birch, Brian. (2013) Biographies of Philatelists and Dealers. 13th edition. Standish, Wigan: Brian Birch, p. 261.
  2. ^ Grafik-Design. Wolfgang Baldus. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b "German Propaganda Parodies against Great Britain", The London Philatelist, Vol. 115, No. 1336 (June 2006), p. 181.
  4. ^ Postal Warfare. Wolfgang Baldus. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  5. ^ a b Williams, L.N. & M. (1954) Forged Stamps of Two World Wars: The Postal Forgeries and Propaganda Issues of the Belligerents 1914-18 1939-45. London: L.N. & M. Williams. p.39.
  6. ^ a b c "The Himmler Stamp", Chris Mobsby, The South African Philatelist, Vol. 89, No. 5 (October 2013), Whole No. 920, p. 175.
  7. ^ a b "Book Review The Postage Stamps of the Principality of Atlantis", Chris Mobsby, The Cinderella Philatelist, Vol. 52, No. 4 (October 2012), Whole No. 208, p. 146.
  8. ^ a b "OSS Hitler Stamps, A Philatelic Study on the OSS Hitler Stamps", The London Philatelist, Vol. 114, No. 1330 (Nov. 2005), p. 350.
  9. ^ Child, Jack. (2009). Miniature Messages: The Semiotics and Politics of Latin American Postage Stamps. Durham: Duke University Press. p. 25. ISBN 0-8223-8927-4.
  10. ^ "The Postage Stamps of Clipperton Island", The London Philatelist, Vol. 115, No. 1341 (Dec. 2006), p. 417.
  11. ^ "The Stamps of Clipperton Island", by Wolfgang Baldus, The Postal Gazette, Vol. 4, No. 5 (October 2009), pp. 42-45.
  12. ^ "The Maurice Williams Roll of Notable Cinderella Philatelists", The Cinderella Philatelist, Vol. 54, No. 4 (October 2014), Whole No. 216, p. 169.
  13. ^ Philatelic Publications. Wolfgang Baldus. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  14. ^ "The Postage Stamps of the Principality of Trinidad", Ashley Lawrence, Gibbons Stamp Monthly, Vol. 78, No. 2 (July 2004), p. 95.
  15. ^ "The Postage Stamps of the Independent State of Acre", John Holman, Gibbons Stamp Monthly, Vol. 78, No. 8 (Jan. 2005), p. 102.
  16. ^ "The Postage Stamps of the Republic of Independent Guyana", Ashley Lawrence, Gibbons Stamp Monthly, Vol. 79, No. 2 (July 2005), p. 87.
  17. ^ "The Postage Stamps of the Kingdom of Sedang", The London Philatelist, Vol. 114, No. 1329 (Oct. 2005), p. 313.

External links[edit]

Media related to Cinderella stamps at Wikimedia Commons