Woodburn bank bombing

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Woodburn Bank Bombing
Location Woodburn, Oregon, United States
Coordinates 45°09′03″N 122°52′27″W / 45.15074°N 122.87423°W / 45.15074; -122.87423Coordinates: 45°09′03″N 122°52′27″W / 45.15074°N 122.87423°W / 45.15074; -122.87423
Date December 12, 2008 (2008-12-12)
Attack type
Bombing, attempted extortion
Weapons Explosive device
Deaths 2
Non-fatal injuries
2
Perpetrators Bruce and Joshua Turnidge
Motive Ransom, antigovernment beliefs

The Woodburn bank bombing was a bomb explosion that occurred on December 12, 2008, when a bomb that had been moved by a bomb squad technician into the West Coast Bank in Woodburn, Oregon exploded, killing two officers and seriously injuring a third.[1]

Bombing[edit]

On December 12, 2008, a phone call to the Wells Fargo bank in Woodburn, Oregon, was answered by 22-year-old teller Karen Valadez. A voice, which she later identified as being that of Joshua Turnidge, stated, "If you value your life and the life of your employees, you need to get out because I am going to kill you."[2] The caller then instructed her and the others in the bank to leave and go to an area outside, where they would find a cellphone that he would use to contact them with and provide further information. He added that he was contacting another nearby bank, West Coast Bank. Valadez waved over her manager, who told her to hang up; she disconnected the call and repeated its contents to her manager. The bank contacted the police shortly afterward.[3]

The police swept Wells Fargo, found nothing, and then proceeded to investigate West Coast Bank, also with no results. The police left the scene, but were called back when an employee noticed a suspicious device outside. Oregon State Police Senior Trooper and munitions expert William Hakim examined the device. As rain fell, Hakim decided to carry it into the West Coast Bank to dismantle it. Inside, Hakim began to examine the device, trying to discern whether it was an explosive or not. Shortly after he had begun examining it, the bomb exploded, killing him and Woodburn Police Captain Tom Tennant.[2] Woodburn Police Chief Scott Russell had one leg completely blown off by the blast and was bleeding profusely from the other when Detective Nick Wilson and Officer John Mikkola, who were both investigating at the other bank, rushed in. Wilson was able to save Russell from bleeding to death by using his belt as a tourniquet on Rusell's leg.[3] A bank employee also suffered minor leg wounds from the blast.[citation needed]

Investigation and arrests[edit]

265 investigators from multiple agencies were assigned to work on the case. Investigators found a cellphone outside at the scene, which was concluded to have been the one mentioned by Joshua Turnidge in the first call. The phone was traced back to a Walmart, where surveillance videos showed a man purchasing the phone and later driving away in a blue truck. A partial license plate identification showed the truck was owned by Bruce Turnidge, of Jefferson, Oregon. While Turnidge was not the man in the video, further investigation found a record of the truck having been stopped for a traffic violation while being driven by Turnidge's son Joshua, who matched the recorded image. Two days after the explosion, Joshua, age 32, was arrested at his home in Salem. Several hours later, Bruce Turnidge, age 57, was arrested at his own home.[4]

Perpetrators[edit]

Bruce and Joshua Turnidge were construction workers who had maintained a close, if sometimes rocky, relationship since Joshua was a young boy. Bruce had maintained vehement pro-gun and anti-government views for many years.[5] Joshua joined the U.S. Navy at the age of 21 but received a medical discharge after a Navy psychologist stated that he was a danger to himself and others. Joshua later stated that he had faked his symptoms to ensure his discharge when he learned he had gotten a woman pregnant. The Turnidges both held numerous jobs, including owning a failed farm, and had decided to start a biodiesel company together, collecting cooking oil from restaurants for recycling. By the time of the bombing, the business was in debt and having trouble paying its rent.[6]

Trial, convictions, and sentences[edit]

The trial lasted more than two months and more than 100 witnesses were called. Prosecutors brought forth the Turnidge's financial difficulties, as well as their anti-government beliefs and their fear that the then-new Obama administration would take away their guns.[4] A friend of Joshua Turnidge testified that Turnidge often confided in him about a plan to obtain money from a bank using a bomb.[7] During the trial, both defendants attempted to put the majority of the blame on the other, with Bruce's attorneys stating that his lack of computer skills and physical ailments would have prevented him from carrying out a role in the plot, while Joshua testified that he didn't know why his father had taken him for a drive that day and didn't know what happened until his father told him that "no one was supposed to get hurt." The defense also claimed the deaths would have never happened if Hakim did not set off the bomb by allegedly hitting it with a hammer and prying it open with a crowbar.[8]

The prosecution theorized that a stray radio signal had set off the device, not Hakim's actions.[8] It took less than five hours of deliberations for the jury to find both Turnidges guilty on all eighteen counts, including aggravated murder. Following a sentencing recommendation from the jury, the judge sentenced both men to death.[9] The jurors cited a lack of remorse as a reason for deciding on the sentencing recommendation.[10]

In 2016, the convictions and sentences were upheld by the Oregon Supreme Court; the Turndges remain on Oregon's death row.[11]

Aftermath[edit]

Police Chief Scott Russell required twenty-nine surgeries but was able to return to work after receiving a prosthetic leg. He retired in 2015.[12] The West Coast Bank branch was rebuilt and reopened seven months later.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Woodburn Bombing: Timeline of Events". Associated Press. December 17, 2008. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Jung, Helen (September 30, 2010). "Bank employee testifies about getting bomb call in Turnidge trial". The Oregonian. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  3. ^ a b Barnard, Jeff (October 1, 2010). "Policeman tearfully describes carnage of blast". Washington Post. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  4. ^ a b Lynn, Capi (December 11, 2013). "Turnidge case closed, but not forgotten". Statesman Journal. Salem, Oregon. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  5. ^ Barnard, Jeff (November 10, 2010). "Bruce Turnidge, Josh Turnidge Trial: Bank-Bombing Case Exposes Anti-Government Sentiments". Huffington Post. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  6. ^ Jung, Helen (January 22, 2011). "Bruce and Joshua Turnidge stayed together through fights and failures – and now will be together on death row". The Oregonian. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  7. ^ KGW staff. "Turnidge friend details bank bomb plans back to 1995". KGW-TV. Portland, Oregon. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  8. ^ a b Jung, Helen (December 8, 2010). "Woodburn bank bombing jury now decides whether to sentence Bruce and Joshua Turnidge to death". The Oregonian. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  9. ^ Jabali-Nash, Naimah (January 25, 2011). "Ore. Judge Imposes Death Sentences for Father, Son in 2008 Bank Bombing That Killed Two Officers". CBS News. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  10. ^ Barchenger, Stacey (January 6, 2011). "Video: Turnidge jurors discuss death-penalty trial". Statesman Journal. Salem, Oregon. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  11. ^ Weisberg, Brent (May 5, 2016) OR Supreme Court upholds conviction of Woodburn bank bombers KOIN-TV (Portland Oregon). Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  12. ^ Sickinger, Ted (May 27, 2015). "Woodburn Police Chief Scott Russell, victim in the 2008 bank bombing, to retire July 1". The Oregonian. Retrieved December 13, 2015.