World Radio Day
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Following a request from the Spanish Radio Academy on 20 September 2010, Spain proposed that the UNESCO Executive Board include an agenda item on the proclamation of a World Radio Day. UNESCO's Executive Board the agenda item in its provisional agenda for the proclamation of a "World Radio Day" on 29 September 2011. UNESCO carried out a wide consultation in 2011 with diverse stakeholders, such as broadcasting associations, UN agencies, funds and programmes, relevant NGOs, foundations and bilateral development agencies, as well as UNESCO Permanent Delegations and National Commissions for UNESCO. Among the answers, 91% were in favour of the project, including official support from the Arab States Broadcasting Union (ASBU), the Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU), the African Union of Broadcasting (AUB), the Caribbean Broadcasting Union (CBU), the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), the International Association of Broadcasting (IAB), the North American Broadcasters Association (NABA), the Organización de Telecomunicaciones Ibeoramericanas (OTI), BBC, URTI, Vatican Radio, etc. The results of this consultation are available in UNESCO's document 187 EX/13.
The Board recommended to the UNESCO 36th session of the General Conference that it proclaim a World Radio Day at its 36th session, and that this day be celebrated by UNESCO on 13 February, the anniversary of the day that the United Nations established the United Nations Radio in 1946. It also invited all United Nations Member States, organizations of the United Nations system and other international and regional organizations, professional associations and broadcasting unions, as well as civil society, including non-governmental organizations and individuals, to duly celebrate World Radio Day, in the way that each considers most adequate. The board further requested that UNESCO's Director-General bring the resolution to the attention of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, so that World Radio Day could be endorsed by the General Assembly and celebrated by the whole system. The matter was subsequently treated by UNESCO's General Conference, which adopted resolution contained in the file 36 C/63. World Radio Day was thus unanimously proclaimed by all Member States of UNESCO in November 2011.
In December 2012, The General Assembly of the UN endorsed the proclamation of World Radio Day, which thereby became a day to be celebrated by all UN agencies, funds and programmes and their partners. File A/RES/67/124. Various radio industry bodies around the world are supporting the initiative by encouraging stations in developed countries to assist those in the developing world. At UNESCO, the consultation, proclamation and celebrations were handled by Mirta Lourenco, Chief of the Sector for Media Development.
The first World Radio Day
In honour of the first World Radio Day in 2012, Lifeline Energy, FrontlineSMS, SOAS Radio and Empowerhouse hosted a seminar in London. A variety of practitioners, academics and tools providers joined at the School of Oriental and African Studies to explore ways in which radio reaches even the most remote and vulnerable communities. Speakers included Guy Berger (Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development at UNESCO), Dr Chege Githiora (Chairman of the Centre of African Studies at SOAS), Birgitte Jallov (Empowerhouse/ Panos London), Amy O'Donnell (FrontlineSMS:Radio), Carlos Chirinos (SOAS Radio), and Linje Manyozo (LSE). The panel was moderated by Lucy Durán (SOAS, BBC Radio 3, Human Planet). At the University of Pisa in Italy, a public event was held on 13 February 2012 to commemorate World Radio Day. The event was organized by Italradio and the Faculty of Engineering and Telecommunication and focused on the cost and ease of use of radio as a source of information. Pisa was chosen as the first Italian city to host an intercontinental radio station built by Marconi in the early years of 20th century.
In 2012, in Barcelona, Spain, a public event organised by College of Telecommunications Engineers of Catalunya (COETTC) was held on 21 February 2012 to commemorate World Radio Day. The event was organised with the help of the Government of Catalonia. There were panellists from radio stations and personalities from the world of radio broadcasting in attendance. The main event was a panel discussion entitled "For a more global and competitive radio". In Switzerland, the European Broadcasting Union organised a Digital Radio Week. This was a series of technical events starting on 13 February 2012, with the participation of the main radio standardisation organisations: DRM Consortium, WorldDMB, RadioDNS. There was also a local digital radio transmission in DAB+ demonstrating the democratization of transmission for smaller structures, using CRC mmbTools open software defined radio tools.
Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication (BNNRC) promotes the observance of World Radio Day on 13 February in collaboration with public service Broadcasting, Commercial broadcasting & Community Broadcasting at local and national level. The World Radio Day Observation National Committee was established in Bangladesh for this purpose.
World Radio Day 2014
- Sensitizing radio station owners, executives, journalists, and governments to develop gender-related policies and strategies for radio
- Eliminating stereotypes and promoting multidimensional portrayal in radio
- Building radio skills for youth radio production, with a focus on girls as producers, hosts, reporters
- Promoting the safety of women radio journalists
The multilingual event website offered several copyright-free audio/video messages for rebroadcasting and diffusion, as well as an interactive map for submitting events related to the celebration of the day. Thematic infographics can be found in English, French and Spanish.
World Radio Day 2015
World Radio Day 2015 was held on 13 February 2015 around the theme of Youth and Radio, with the goal of increasing the participation of young people in radio. The sub-themes of the Day were:
- Showcasing the multiple uses of radio as a medium
- Highlighting the contribution of young people as creators of radio content and improving their participation
- Building awareness of the security and safety risks faced by young international freelancers and fixers, especially in humanitarian and disaster zones
World Radio Day 2016
World Radio Day 2016 was held on 13 February 2016 around the theme of Radio in Times of Emergency and Disaster, with the goal of building partnerships with the humanitarian and emergency sector, as well as the community at large. The sub-themes of the Day were:
- Securing freedom of expression and journalists' safety
- Using radio to empower survivors and vulnerable people, whose right to privacy is to be respected
- Radio's social impact, providing access to information, and protecting information rights.
- Saving lives through radio
- The immediate accessibility of radio frequencies when saving lives
More than 320 events were held in more than 80 countries around the world to mark the Day, with 19 radio stations from around the world coming to UNESCO Headquarters to broadcast live.
World Radio Day 2017
World Radio Day 2017 was held on 13 February 2017 around the theme of "Radio is You", with the goal of celebrating how audiences interact with radio. The theme was designed to encourage radio stations to be the best they can, by having audience engagement policies, ethical committees, public editors, self review programmes and by ensuring their community radio networks were strong. A record number of countries, took part in World Radio Day 2017, with more than 500 events worldwide.
- The theme "Radio is You" was chosen to ensure that audiences' views and diversity were respected
- The theme looked at the ways that audiences engage with radio, both on-air and in the planning and policy phases
World Radio Day 2018
World Radio Day 2018 was held on 13 February 2018 around the theme of "Radio and Sports" to celebrate momentous sporting events. World Radio Day 2018 celebrated traditional sports that connect people to their cultural heritage, the grassroots sports that play important roles in communities, and the ways in which sports challenges gender stereotypes and provides positive role models for young people around the world. The theme for 2018 focused on the alliance of sport and radio as a force for civic participation and development, as well as for celebrating humanity in its diversity. World Radio day 2018 celebrated radio's critical function in shaping this alliance, by providing a platform for radio stations, and listeners alike, to construct their programs and conversations around Radio and Sports. The sub-themes were:
- Building and uniting communities
- Participation and inclusion
- Goodwill and inspiring humanity
- How radio impacts our lives
World Radio Day 2019
World Radio Day 2019 was held on Wednesday 13 February around the theme of "Dialogue, Tolerance and Peace."
More events were held in more than 80 countries around the world to mark the Day, with radio stations from around the world coming to UNESCO Headquarters in Paris to gain hands-in experience of radio production, as we celebrate the impact of radio in the pursuit of a more peaceful and tolerant world.
World Radio Day 2020
World Radio Day 2020 will be held on Thursday 13 February around the theme of "Radio and diversity." UNESCO and UN calls on radio stations to uphold diversity, both in their newsroom and on the airwaves.
This edition of World Radio Day is divided into three main sub-themes:
- Advocating for pluralism in radio, including a mix of public, private and community broadcasters;
- Encouraging representation in the newsroom, with teams representing diverse society groups;
- Promoting a diversity of editorial content and programme types reflecting the variety of the audiences.
In the world, radio remains the most widely consumed medium. This unique ability to reach out the widest audience means radio can shape a society's experience of diversity, stand as an arena for all voices to speak out, be represented and heard. Radio stations should serve diverse communities, offering a wide variety of programs, viewpoints and content, and reflect the diversity of audiences in their organizations and operations. Technological advances are also participating to diversity the radio sector: DAB+, DRM, IP streaming.
International Committee of Radio (World Radio Day Committee)
This committee was born in 2012 after the proclamation of the UNESCO's World Radio Day. The idea came from the president of the Spanish Radio Academy, Jorge Alvarez. This committee consists the most important radio broadcast organisations: ITU-International Telecommunication Union, Spanish Radio Academy, IAB-International Association of Broadcasting, ABU-Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union, ASBU-Arab States Broadcasting Union, EBU/UER-European Broadcasting Union, AER-Association of European Radios, AMARC-World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters, AIBD-Asia Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development, BNNRC-Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication, URTI-International Radio and Television Union and AUB/UAR-The African Union of Broadcasting. The Founding Act was signed on March 12, 2012.
Radio stations around the world are invited to promote the official interactive platform wrd13.com of the international WRD Committee by proposing to their listeners to deposit audio messages on it, in any language, which they will be able to download for broadcasting all day long on 13 February.
United Nations info
The celebration of World Radio Day corresponds to the date of creation of the United Nations Radio (UN Radio), on 13 February 1946.Informative Website of this celebration
Stephane Dujarric (DPI) on World Radio Day 2014 13 February 2014 - "UN Radio has won a well deserved "International Academy Award 2014" on 13 February on the World Radio Day. The Award was presented by the Government of Spain and the Spanish Academy Awards which spearheaded the establishment of World Radio Day by UNESCO. The Award is presented every year on World Radio Day to the personalities and media houses whose work have made a huge difference worldwide and this year the academy presented the first ever international Academy Award which UN Radio happen to be the first recipient."
World Radio Day 2014 - interview with Stephane Dujarric 4 February 2014 - In honour of World Radio Day 2014, Elena Vapnitchnaia, Chief of the Russian UN Radio sits with Stephane Dujarric, Director of the News and Media Division in the UN Department of Public Information, to discuss the past and future of UN Radio.
Resolutions adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations: Sixty-seventh session,18 December 2012:
"Endorses the resolution adopted by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization at its thirty-sixth session, proclaiming 13 February, the day United Nations Radio was established in 1946, as World Radio Day"
- "UNESCO Session 187EX/13" (PDF). UNESCO. UNESCO. 26 August 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
The Director-General submits for the approval of the Executive Board, the feasibility study for the proclamation of a World Radio Day...
- UNESCO (10 July 2011). "13 February proposed as World Radio Day | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- File 36 C/63, UNESCO's General Conference Resolution http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002131/213174e.pdf
- Proclamation, Resolution 63 http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002150/215084e.pdf
- UN General Assembly file http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/67/124
- "World Radio Day: What will you be doing?". Radio Info. 15 January 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "A Pisa la Prima Giornata Mondiale della Radio :: Italradio :: ....perché c'è sempre una radio che trasmette in italiano". Italradio (in Italian). Italradio. 22 January 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Jornada Fia Mundial de la Radio" (PDF). PIMEC (in Catalan). PIMEC. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Digital Radio Summit during Radio Week 2012". EBU. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- "Bangladesh is going to observe 7th World Radio Day: Sport and Radio 13 FEBRUARY, 2018 – Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio & Communication". bnnrc.net. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
- "Photo Gallery: Worldwide Celebrations - World Radio Day 2015". UNESCO. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "Speed Workshops 1-10 - World Radio Day 2019". UNESCO. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- 13 Radio World magazine article about the origin of World Radio Day, 27 September 2019