Wormley, Hertfordshire

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Wormley
Wormley is located in Hertfordshire
Wormley
Wormley
Wormley shown within Hertfordshire
Populationless than 5,000
OS grid referenceTL322054
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBroxbourne
Postcode districtEN10
Dialling code01992
PoliceHertfordshire
FireHertfordshire
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire
51°43′N 0°01′W / 51.72°N 0.02°W / 51.72; -0.02Coordinates: 51°43′N 0°01′W / 51.72°N 0.02°W / 51.72; -0.02

Wormley is a village in Hertfordshire, England. It is within the Borough of Broxbourne. The village is part of the census ward of Wormley and Turnford, which had a population of 8,146 at the 2001 census.[1]

Geography[edit]

Wormley is located east of the A10 road, which links Cambridge to London, commonly known as the Great Cambridge Road.

Wormley is sandwiched between Broxbourne and Turnford with a high road of shops.

Wormley is 1 mile south of Broxbourne. The nearest railway station is Broxbourne.

Wormley is close to the River Lea which runs from Luton towards Wheathampstead, then south towards London where it meets the River Thames. Wormley Rovers Football Club and Wormley Cricket Club are based at Wormley playing fields. Wormley also has Top Field and Cozens Grove Local Nature Reserve.[2][3]

History[edit]

The name is thought to derive from the Old English "snake-infested leah"; the last element could mean "clearing", or perhaps "woodland pasture".[4] Wormley was one of the manors which were granted by Harold Godwinson to the canons of Waltham Holy Cross. It was entered in the Domesday Book of 1085 as Wermelai,[5] with a total of 28 households.[6] Wormley remained under the control of the monastery until its dissolution in 1540 when it was granted to Sir Edward North.[7] The manor house, called Wormleybury, on the south side of Church Lane, was totally rebuilt in 1734 and remodelled in 1767 and 1782 by Robert Mylne for Sir Abraham Hume. It has a stone portico and steps, with an octagonal bell turret. There is interior decoration of 1779 by Robert Adam. It is a Grade I Listed building.[8]

The parish church of St Lawrence has a nave and font dating from the 12th century. There are several brasses from the 15th century and a marble monument to the Purvy family dated 1617.[9]

Coal-tax post on a footpath in Wormley Wood.

There are two Coal-tax posts in Wormley and both are in unusual locations. One is in the middle of Wormley Wood and the other on the north side of a country lane at a point where it is hard to imagine any significant trade traffic passing by.[10] They were erected following the London Coal and Wine Duties Continuance Act 1861, and thanks to them, many of the bridges across the River Thames were paid for.[11]

Main sights[edit]

St Lawrence's Church dates back to the 12th century

St Lawrence's Church forms part of the Parish of Broxbourne with Wormley and is a member of the New River Group Ministry.[12]

Wormley Church of England Primary School was founded in 1864 and had 358 pupils in 2009.[13]

In 2014, the area of Wormley and Turnford was awarded £1m from the Big Local Trust to invest in the community over the next 10 years. Completely resident volunteer led, it will enable locals to regenerate their community.[14]

Personalities[edit]

  • David Bentley started his footballing career at Wormley Youth Football Club.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census data
  2. ^ "Top Field and Cozens Grove". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  3. ^ "Map of Top Field and Cozens Grove". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  4. ^ Rowe, Anne, and Williamson, Tom (2013) Hertfordshire: A Landscape History University of Hertfordshire Press, ISBN 978-1909291003 (Chapter 5)
  5. ^ The Domesday Book Online - Hertfordshire
  6. ^ Open Domesday - Wormley
  7. ^ A History of the County of Hertford: Volume 3 (1912) (pp. 487-8)
  8. ^ British Listed Buildings - Wormleybury, Broxbourne
  9. ^ History of the County of Hertford pp. 489-490
  10. ^ Bawtree, M. (1969) The City of London Coal Duties, printed in the London Archaeologist
  11. ^ Johnson, W.B (1970) The Industrial Archaeology of Hertfordshire
  12. ^ Info at broxbournewithwormley.org.uk
  13. ^ Info at ofsted.gov.uk
  14. ^ The Big Local Trust Retrieved 5 March 2015

External links[edit]