X International AIDS Conference, 1994
AIDS in Japan before the conference
In 1994 the media identified only 4 Japanese citizens in Japan who would publicly admit to being HIV positive. Only 800 cases of HIV had been reported in Japan to this time, and the public perception was that HIV was a disease for foreigners.
Various groups asserted that persons in Japan who lived with HIV would face discrimination. In preparation for the event, the Ministry of Health appealed to restaurants, hotels, and hospitals to not refuse service to anyone because of their HIV status.
For reasons including a consensus was that no conclusive clinical advances were being made, organizers decided to change the event from an annual event to a biennial event after this one.
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