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FMIB 39695 Hetereleotris clara Jordan & Seale, new species Type.jpeg
Xenisthmus clarus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Gobiiformes
Family: Eleotridae
Genus: Xenisthmus
Snyder, 1908
Type species
Xenisthmus proriger
Snyder, 1908[1]

Xenisthmus is the most well-known genus in the family Xenisthmidae,which is regarded as a synonymous with the Eleotridae,[2] a part of Gobiiformes.[3] These small to very small fish are known as wrigglers, and live in reefs and among rubble in the Indo-Pacific.[4]


Xenisthmus contains the following species:[4]


  1. ^ Eschmeyer, W. N.; R. Fricke & R. van der Laan (eds.). "Xenisthmus". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  2. ^ Nelson, JS; Grande, TC & Wilson, MVH (2016). Fishes of the World (5 ed.). John Wiley & Sons. pp. 328–329. ISBN 1119220815.
  3. ^ a b c d Gill, Anthony C.; Hoese, Douglass F. (2004). "Three New Australian Species of the Fish Genus Xenisthmus (Gobioidei: Xenisthmidae)" (PDF). Records of the Australian Museum. The Australian Museum. 56: 241–246. doi:10.3853/j.0067-1975.56.2004.1428. ISSN 0067-1975. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
  4. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2017). Species of Xenisthmus in FishBase. July 2017 version.
  5. ^ Smith, J.L.B. (1958). "The fishes of the family Eleotridae in the western Indian Ocean". Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology. 11: 137–163. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
  6. ^ Gill, Anthony C.; Randall, J.E. (1994). "Xenisthmus balius, a new species of fish from the Persian Gulf (Gobioidei: Xenisthmidae)". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Biological Society of Washington. 107 (3): 445–450.
  7. ^ Jordan, D.S.; Seale, A. (1994). "The fishes of Samoa. Description of the species found in the archipelago, with a provisional check-list of the fishes of Oceania". Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries. 25.