From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Heterodon platirhinosPCCA20060423-3588B.jpg
A xenodontine, Heterodon platirhinos, eastern hognose snake
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Dipsadidae
Subfamily: Xenodontinae
Cope, 1895[1]

Xenodontinae is a subfamily of snakes in the family Colubridae.[2] The subfamily Xenodontinae encompasses a number of rear-fanged (opisthoglyphous), mildly venomous snake genera, which include species such as the mud snake and the New World hognose snakes.


Other genera are often placed here but may actually belong elsewhere:


  1. ^ "Xenodontinae". ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.
  2. ^ Goin CJ, Goin OB, Zug GR (1978). Introduction to Herpetology, Third Edition. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman. xi + 378 pp. ISBN 0-7167-0020-4. (Subfamily Xenodontinae, pp. 328-329).
  3. ^ He M, Feng JC, Liu SY, Guo P, Zhao EM (2009). "The phylogenetic position of Thermophis (Serpentes: Colubridae), an endemic snake from the Qinghai‐Xizang Plateau, China" (PDF). Journal of Natural History. 43 (7–8): 479–488. doi:10.1080/00222930802389825. 
  4. ^ Huang S, Liu SY, Guo P, Zhang YP, Zhao EM (2009). "What are the closest relatives of the hot-spring snakes (Colubridae, Thermophis), the relict species endemic to the Tibetan Plateau?" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 51 (3): 438–446. PMID 19249375. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.02.013.