Y Cymro

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Y Cymro
Y Cymro 5 Hydref 2007.jpg
Cover of Y Cymro, 5 October 2007
Type Weekly newspaper
Format Compact
Editor Dylan Halliday
Founded 1932
Language Welsh
Ceased publication 2017; after 85 years
Headquarters 9 Bank Place, Porthmadog, Gwynedd, LL48 9AA
Circulation 4,082 (2003)
Website http://www.y-cymro.com

Y Cymro (Welsh pronunciation: [ə ˈkəmrɔ], Welsh for The Welshman) was a Welsh language newspaper, published from 1932 to 2017.[1] Y Cymro was founded in Wrexham, and succeeded other newspapers of the same name that had existed during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was the last national newspaper in the Welsh language, and was published weekly, on a Friday. As of November 2017, there are plans to relaunch Y Cymro as a monthly newspaper.

Early history[edit]

The first newspaper under the name of Y Cymro was published in 1845; this was ecclesiastical in character with a small quantity of English language content. This newspaper was published in Bangor by the printer Edward Williams, but it closed two years later due to financial difficulties. It was based in London for a year, with John Ames (Ioan Meirion) as editor. It moved to Holywell for a period between 1851 and 1860, published by William Morris, then to Denbigh for six years. After a gap of four years, it was relaunched by Isaac Clarke of Liverpool (formerly of "Granny's Shop", Ruthin) on 22 May 1890 under the editorship of Isaac Foulkes ("Bookworm"). During this period, Daniel Owen published chapters of his novel in the paper.

In 1907 the paper moved to Mold with the poet T. Gwynn Jones as editor, but it closed again between 1909 and 1914 before finding a home in Dolgellau. This was a religiously themed newspaper with editor Evan Williams Evans; it closed in 1931.[2]. It was relaunched in Dolgellau in 1920 by William Evans.

Modern history[edit]

Y Cymro, 1954 St David's Day edition

Y Cymro was relaunched in Wrexham in 1932, when the title was purchased by Rowland Williams of Woodall, Minshall, Thomas & Co., Oswestry (the owners of Hughes & Son publishers of Wrexham).

Although he did not speak Welsh, Thomas' dream was to establish a new Welsh language newspaper. The first number was published on 4 December 1932, with John Eilian as editor. The paper was not entirely successful to begin with, but by 1939 there was some hope of making a profit. The office moved to Oswestry, where the paper went from strength to strength under the editorship of John Roberts Williams. The paper moved again to Mold when it became part of the company Papurau Newydd Gogledd Cymru ("North Wales Newspapers").[3]

In 1945, John Roberts Williams became editor.[4] Williams re-employed Geoff Charles as a photographer and he built up an archive whilst working for the paper which is now in the National Library of Wales.[5]

Williams' 17 years in the post saw the paper increase its circulation to a peak of 28,000 and introduced a new, more "professional" journalistic style.[4] In 2004 it was sold by North Wales Newspapers to entrepreneur Sir Ray Tindle. Before that, the publication day was Saturday. As of 2003, circulation was about 4,100 printed copies.[6]

In 2003 a digital version was published, which was available via the NewsStand company.[7] Then in 2004, the paper was purchased by the Cambrian News, part of the Tindle newspaper group, and the office moved to Porthmadog.[8] The paper was relaunched in a new form in November 2004.[9]. A new website was launched in 2011, with a selection of stories from the paper and a full digital version by subscription.[10]

In April 2010, the weekly editions of Y Cymro became available to view as an on-line digital newspaper.

In March 2017 Tindle Newspapers announced that the paper was for sale and would cease publication in June if no buyer was found.[11] The publishers Y Lolfa stated that they were not in a position to buy it.[12]. By June, four groups had expressed interest in buying the paper, although negotiations continued between them and Tindle and the Welsh Book Council. Thus it [is expected] that the 30 June edition [would be] the last to be published for now.[13]

In June 2017, the owners of Y Cymro could not find a buyer, and the paper closed along with its website.[14][15] In November 2017 it was announced that a campaign group had received funding from the Welsh Book Council to assist a relaunch of Y Cymro as a monthly newspaper.[16]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]