"Young Hunting" is a traditional folk song, Roud 47, catalogued by Francis James Child as Child Ballad number 68, and has its origin in Scotland. Like most traditional songs, numerous variants of the song exist worldwide, notably under the title of "Henry Lee" and "Love Henry" in the United States and "Earl Richard" and sometimes "The Proud Girl" in the United Kingdom.
The song, which can be traced back as far as the 18th century, narrates the tale of the eponymous protagonist, Young Hunting, who tells a woman, who may have borne him a child, that he is in love with another, more beautiful woman. Despite this, she persuades him to drink until he is drunk, then to come to her bedroom, or at least kiss her farewell. The woman then stabs him to death. She throws his body in the river — sometimes with the help of one of the other women of the town, whom she bribes with a diamond ring — and is taunted by a bird. She tries to lure the bird down from the tree but it tells her that she will kill it if it comes within reach. When the search for Young Hunting starts, she either denies seeing him or claims that he left earlier, but when Hunting's remains are found, in order to revoke her guilt, she reveals that she murdered him and is later burned at the stake. Nick Cave, who covered the song, referred to the song as "a story about the fury of a scorned woman."
Variants and origins
American variants of the song are more widely known as the song has been physically released. One of the earliest recorded variants was performed by blues singer Dick Justice in 1929 under the title "Henry Lee." The recording was anthologised in the first of Harry Smith's Anthology of American Folk Music, released in 1952. Judy Henske included a version of the song titled "Love Henry" — a title collected by Cecil Sharp in September 1916 from Orilla Keeton in Mountfair, Virginia — on her eponymous debut album in 1963. Version named "Love Henry" was included by Bob Dylan into his album World Gone Wrong in 1993. Australian post-punk band Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds covered the song under the title "Henry Lee", which was based lyrically on Dick Justice's version, with English alternative rock musician PJ Harvey in 1995. This version was included as a track on the band's 1996 album Murder Ballads. A version of this song was also recorded by Karen Casey and John Doyle in their 2010 album "Exiles Return" as "The False Lady."
English variants of the song, which are closely structed on the original Scottish versions, are also known under the titles "Earl Richard" and "The Proud Girl." A version of the song, credited as "Earl Richard", was recorded by English folk singer Tim Hart in 1969 and its liner notes state: "[the song] [...] is a shorter version of the ballad 'Young Hunting.' [...] this version comes from Motherwell's Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border." John Spiers and Jon Bode recorded a version of the English variant in 2001 on the album Through & Through and credited the author as "Miss Stephenson of Glasgow" and said it was written in 1825. "The Proud Girl" is an arrangement of the song by A.L. Lloyd that was performed at the Top Lock Folk Club in Runcorn, Cheshire on November 5, 1972. This performance, which was the basis of Frankie Armstrong's 1997 version, was released in 2010 on An Evening with A.L. Lloyd. and was noted to have been traced back three generations further.
The song is closely related to another Child Ballad, "Young Benjie", as it not only deals with a similar theme, but almost identical story, in which a male lover is murdered and thrown in a river by his female companion. "Child Waters" and "The False Lover Won Back", both murder ballads and Child Ballads, are similar and all four songs may have the same origin.
Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds version
|Single by Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds and PJ Harvey|
|from the album Murder Ballads|
|B-side||"King Kong Kitchee Kitchee Ki-Mi-O"|
|Released||26 February 1996|
|Format||CD single, 7"|
|Recorded||1995 at Sing Sing and Metropolis Studios in Melbourne, Australia and Wessex and Worldwide Studios in London, United Kingdom|
|Genre||Rock, folk rock|
|Songwriter(s)||Traditional, arranged by Nick Cave|
|Producer(s)||Tony Cohen, Victor Van Vugt|
|Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds singles chronology|
"Henry Lee", a variant of "Young Hunting", is a song by the Australian post-punk band Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds. It is the third track and second single from the band's ninth studio album, Murder Ballads (1996), and was released on 26 February 1996 on Mute Records. The song, which features a duet between frontman Nick Cave and the English alternative rock musician PJ Harvey, is alternately–arranged in comparison to other more traditional versions of "Henry Lee." Lyrically, the song borrows heavily from Dick Justice's version of the song.
The majority of the studio version of "Henry Lee" was recorded by The Bad Seeds at Sing Sing Studios and Metropolis Studios in Melbourne with Cave's vocal track. Harvey's vocal track was recorded at Wessex and Worldwide Studios in London. A demo version of the song which was sent to Harvey featured Bad Seed member Blixa Bargeld performing guide vocals. The single's two b-sides are other American murder ballads, following the album's theme and do not feature Harvey. However, "Knoxville Girl" features James Johnston on acoustic guitar.
All songs of traditional origin and arranged by Nick Cave.
- "Henry Lee" – 3:58
- "King Kong Kitchee Kitchee Ki-Mi-O" – 3:09
- CD single
- "Henry Lee" - 3:58
- "King Kong Kitchee Kitchee Ki-Mi-O" – 3:09
- "Knoxville Girl" – 3:34
Directed by Rocky Schenck, the promotional music video for "Henry Lee" features one scene throughout; Nick Cave, in the role of Henry Lee, and PJ Harvey, in the role of his lover, singing the duet. There is a constant green backdrop in the background of the video. This format contrasted the former format used by Schenck for "Where the Wild Roses Grow" which focused on cinematography and featured several scenes. Body language is a stand-out feature of the video and after many varying forms of it, the pair slow dance at the end of the video.
|Australian ARIA Singles Chart||73|
|Finnish Singles Chart||15|
|Swedish Singles Chart||35|
|UK Singles Chart||36|
- Francis James Child, Popular English and Scottish Ballads Volume II: 54-113 Transcriptions available at Sacred Texts: "Young Hunting"
- Bonner, Michael (2010). "Cave's duet with Polly Harvey on "Henry Lee" borrowed from several versions of a traditional song that traces it lineage all the way back to the ancient Scottish folk ballad "Young Hunting." The Murder Ballads take leans most on Dick Justice's 1929 recording...". Uncut. No. September 2010. p. 51.
- Burt, Olive W. (1958). American Murder Ballads and their Stories. New York, New York: Oxford University Press.
- Nick Cave. "This song is an old Scottish murder ballad that I read in a book somewhere and played around with. It's, um, a story about the fury of a scorned woman." Extracts from a performance at BBC's Songwriters' Circle in 1999. Video of performance available on YouTube. Retrieved on April 4, 2011.
- "Smithsonian Folkways - Anthology of American Folk Music - Various Artists". Folkways. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- Zierke, Reinhard (January 20, 2011). "Young Hunting / Earl Richard / Love Henry / The Proud Girl". English Folk and Other Good Music. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "Judy Henske". JudyHenske.com. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Murder Ballads - Nick Cave & the Bad Seeds | AllMusic". allMusic. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- ""Earl Richard" [...] is a shorter version of the ballad 'Young Hunting.' [...] This version comes from Motherwell's Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border.". Folk Songs of Old England Vol. 2 (LP). Tim Hart. England: Ad Rhythm. 1969. p. 3. ARPS 4.
- "Bert Lloyd gave Frankie this chilling version of "Young Hunting," which he seems to have based chiefly on that given to Walter Scott by James Hogg, the "Ettrick Shepherd", who had it from his mother.". Till the Grass O'ergrew the Corn (CD). Frankie Armstrong. England: Fellside Recordings. 1997. p. 3. FECD116.
- "An Evening With A.L. Lloyd: Amazon.co.uk: Music". Amazon. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "DNA | Commercial & Music Video Directors | Rocky Schenck". David Naylor & Associates. Retrieved April 5, 2011.
- Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988-2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
- "australian-charts.com - Nick Cave And The Bad Seeds & PJ Harvey - Henry Lee". Australian-Charts. Retrieved April 5, 2011.
- "NICK CAVE & THE BAD SEEDS - The Official Charts Company". UK Singles Chart. Retrieved April 5, 2011.