Young Marshall Moody
Young Marshall Moody
Library of Congress
|Born||June 23, 1822|
Chesterfield County, Virginia
|Died||September 18, 1866 (aged 44)|
New Orleans, Louisiana
New Orleans, Louisiana
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Service/||Confederate States Army|
|Years of service||1861—1865|
|Unit||11th Alabama Infantry|
|Commands held||43rd Alabama Infantry|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Young Marshall Moody (June 23, 1822 – September 18, 1866) was a Confederate States Army officer who was promoted to brigadier general near the end of the American Civil War. He was a teacher, merchant, and circuit court clerk in Marengo County, Alabama, before the war. He died from yellow fever during a business trip to New Orleans, Louisiana, on September 18, 1866.
Young Marshall Moody was born on January 23, 1822 in Chesterfield County, Virginia. In 1842, he moved to Alabama where he worked as a teacher, merchant, and between 1856 and 1861, clerk of the circuit court of Marengo County, Alabama.
American Civil War
Young Marshall Moody entered Confederate States Army service as captain of Company A of the 11th Alabama Infantry Regiment on June 11, 1861. Archibald Gracie III was major of the regiment. Gracie and Moody served with the 11th Alabama Infantry in northern Virginia but returned to Mobile in order to recruit the 43rd Alabama Infantry Regiment in April 1862. Gracie became colonel and Moody became lieutenant colonel of the regiment. In November 1862, Gracie was promoted to brigadier general and Moody was appointed colonel of the regiment on November 4, 1862.
Moody fought in the Kentucky Campaign, including the Battle of Perryville, and at the Battle of Chickamauga, the Siege of Chattanooga, the Siege of Knoxville and the Battle of Bean's Station. While Gracie was recovering from a wound, Moody supervised the transfer of the brigade to the Petersburg, Virginia area where they served under the command of General P.G.T. Beauregard.
On May 16, 1864, Moody was wounded in the right ankle at Drewry's Bluff during the Battle of Proctor's Creek, part of the Bermuda Hundred Campaign. Moody's regiment served with Gracie's brigade during the Siege of Petersburg until Gracie was killed by an exploding artillery shell on December 2, 1864. Moody then took command of the brigade but he was not promoted to brigadier general until March 4, 1865. Moody led the brigade until he was captured at Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 8, 1865, the day before the surrender by General Robert E. Lee of the Army of Northern Virginia to Union Army forces led by Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant.
Moody became a businessman in Mobile, Alabama, after the war. On September 18, 1866, Young Marshall Moody died of yellow fever while on a business trip to New Orleans. He is buried in Greenwood Cemetery there.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 394
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 0-8071-0823-5. pp. 218-219
- Stanchak, John E. "Moody, Young Marshall" in Historical Times Illustrated History of the Civil War, edited by Patricia L. Faust. New York: Harper & Row, 1986. ISBN 978-0-06-273116-6. p. 507
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 0-8160-1055-2. p. 453
- Boatner, Mark Mayo, III. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: McKay, 1988. ISBN 0-8129-1726-X. First published New York, McKay, 1959. pp. 562-563
- Boatner, 1988, p. 350 states that Gracie was killed by a Union sharpshooter but Eicher, Warner, Stanchak and Sifakis state that he was killed by a shell fragment.
- Boatner, Mark Mayo, III. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: McKay, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8129-1726-0. First published 1959 by McKay.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4.
- Stanchak, John E. "Moody, Young Marshall" in Historical Times Illustrated History of the Civil War, edited by Patricia L. Faust. New York: Harper & Row, 1986. ISBN 978-0-06-273116-6.
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.