Ypsilandra

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Ypsilandra
Ypsilandra thibetica (Melanthiaceae) plant.jpg
Ypsilandra thibetica
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Melanthiaceae
Tribe: Heloniadeae
Genus: Ypsilandra
Franch.[1]
Type species
Ypsilandra thibetica
Franch.[1]

Yspilandra is a genus of at least six herbaceous plant species, first described as a genus in 1888. This genus is a member of the Melanthiaceae[2] and is native to East Asia (China, the Himalayas, Myanmar, Thailand).[3][4]

Ypsilandra species are perennial plants that grow from thick rhizomes. They are associated with sloping, forested habitats. They are very infrequently cultivated in the West. Their leaves are generally long and thin, growing in a rosette from the base of the plant. Ypsilandra species produce flowers on a long scape arising from the intersection of the leaves and the stem. The inflorescences consist of a cluster of nodding, radially-symmetrical tube-shaped flowers with six tepals. The stamens protrude beyond the tepals. Depending on the species, the tepals may be white, pink, purple, or yellow.[5]

Species[3]
  1. Ypsilandra alpina F.T.Wang & Tang - Tibet, Yunnan, N Myanmar
  2. Ypsilandra cavaleriei H.Lév. & Vaniot - Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan
  3. Ypsilandra jinpingensis W.H.Chen, Y.M.Shui & ZhiY.Yu - Yunnan, N Vietnam
  4. Ypsilandra kansuensis R.N.Zhao & Z.X.Peng - Gansu
  5. Ypsilandra thibetica Franch. - Sichuan, Hunan, Guangxi, Taiwan
  6. Ypsilandra yunnanensis W.W.Sm. & Jeffrey - Nepal, Yunnan, Bhutan, Assam, Myanmar

Ypsilandra thibetica is used in traditional Chinese medicine, especially in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces, as a haemostatic.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The genus Ypsilandra and the type (Ypsilandra thibetica) were first published in Nouvelles archives du muséum d'histoire naturelle, sér. 2, 10: 93. 1888. "Name - Ypsilandra Franch". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved October 12, 2012. Type Specimens … Ypsilandra thibetica Franch. 
  2. ^ Tropicos, Ypsilandra Franch.
  3. ^ a b "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 86 丫蕊花属 ya rui hua shu Ypsilandra Franchet, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. ser. 2, 10: 93. 1887.
  5. ^ Chen Xinqi and Minoru N. Tamura (2000). Flora of China (PDF). 24: 86–87 http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF24/ypsilandra.pdf.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Bai-Bo Xie; et al. (2006). "Five new steroidal compounds from Ypsilandra thibetica". Chemistry and Biodiversity. 3 (11): 1211–1218. doi:10.1002/cbdv.200690122. PMID 17193234. 

External links[edit]