Zémire et Azor
Zémire et Azor (Zémire and Azor) is an opéra comique, described as a comédie-ballet mêlée de chants et de danses, in four acts by the Belgian composer André Grétry. The French text was by Jean-François Marmontel based on La Belle et la bête (Beauty and the Beast) by Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont, and Amour pour amour by P. C. Nivelle de La Chaussé. The opera includes the famous coloratura display piece La Fauvette in which the soprano imitates birdsong.
It was first performed by the Comédie-Italienne at Fontainebleau on 9 November 1771 and at the Hôtel de Bourgogne in Paris on 16 December 1771. It stayed in the French repertory until at least 1821 and enjoyed worldwide success. It was staged at the court of Saint Petersburg, Russia, in 1774. It was performed at the Swedish court at the Drottningholm Palace Theatre in 1778, and in London at the King's Theatre in 1779. In modern times Zémire et Azor was performed at the Bielefeld Opera (Germany) in 1991 in a version created by John Dew.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 9 November 1771|
|Sander, a Persian merchant from Ormuz||baritone||Jean-Louis Laruette|
|Ali, his slave||tenor||Joseph Caillot|
|Zémire, daughter to Sander||soprano||Marie-Thérèse Laruette|
|Fatmé, daughter to Sander||soprano||Marie-Jeanne Trial|
|Lisbé, daughter to Sander||soprano||Pétronille-Rosalie Beaupré|
|Azor, a Persian prince, King of Kamir, at first in a frightening form||tenor||Clairval (Jean-Baptiste Guignard)|
|A Fairy||spoken role||Eulalie Desgland(s)|
Having been shipwrecked in a storm, the merchant Sander and his servant Ali find their way to a strange palace. A banquet has been laid, though there is no sign of the owner, and the two help themselves to the feast. When Sander plucks a rose from the palace garden to give to his daughter Zémire, the beast-like Azor appears. He is the owner of the palace and says Sander must pay with his life for stealing the rose, unless he can persuade one of his daughters to take his place. When she hears what has happened, Zémire agrees to sacrifice her life for her father and Ali leads her to the palace, where she almost faints at the fearsome sight of Azor. However, Azor proves to be a kind host, showing Zémire her family in a magic mirror and even allowing her to visit home again so long as she promises to return. After a stay with her family, Zémire decides to return to Azor and finds him in despair because he believes she has abandoned him. She protests that she cares about him and the magic spell on Azor is lifted now he has found love. He changes from a beast to a handsome prince and claims his kingdom with Zémire at his side.
A suite of ballet music from the work was recorded by Thomas Beecham.
- Zémire et Azor – Mady Mesplé (Zémire), Roland Bufkens (Azor), Jean van Gorp (Sander), Jean-Claude Orliac (Ali) – Choeur et orchestre de chambre de Radio Télévision Belge, conducted by Edgar Doneux – (EMI, 1974)
- According to Charlton (2010), p. 98.
- According to the 1774 libretto.
- Laruette's voice was ordinarily classified as tenor, but the part of Sandor is notated in the bass clef.
- Notes to the EMI CD by Michel Parouty.
- David Charlton, Grétry and the growth of opéra-comique, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1986 (paperback edition cited: 2010, ISBN 978-0-521-15881-7)
- David Charlton, Zémire et Azor, in Stanley Sadie (ed), The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, New York, Oxford University Press, 1992, IV, p. 1224 ISBN 978-0-19-522186-2