Zimbabwean presidential election, 2002

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Zimbabwean presidential election, 2002
Zimbabwe
← 1996 March 9 - 11, 2002 2008 →
  Robert Mugabe cropped.jpg Morgan Tsvangirai Oslo 2009 A.jpg
Nominee Robert Mugabe Morgan Tsvangirai
Party ZANU-PF MDC
Popular vote 1,685,212 1,258,401
Percentage 56.2% 42.0%

President before election

Robert Mugabe
ZANU-PF

Elected President

Robert Mugabe
ZANU-PF

A presidential election was held in Zimbabwe between 9 and 11 March 2002. The election was contested by the incumbent Robert Mugabe, Movement for Democratic Change leader Morgan Tsvangirai, ZANU-Ndonga leader Wilson Kumbula, Shakespeare Maya of the National Alliance for Good Governance and independent candidate Paul Siwela. Although Mugabe won, claiming 56.2% of the vote, it was the closest presidential election to date. Although the Organisation of African Unity described the election as "transparent, credible, free and fair", the conduct of the election was strongly condemned by the Commonwealth, Norwegian observers, Zimbabwean opposition figures, and Western governments and media. [1] Zimbabwe was consequently suspended from the Commonwealth for a year.[2] The Khampepe Report, commissioned by South African president Thabo Mbeki, was commissioned at the time to investigate the fairness of the elections. The report said :

However, having regard to all the circumstances, and in particular the cumulative substantial departures from international standards of free and fair elections found in Zimbabwe during the pre-election period, these elections, in our view, cannot be considered to be free and fair.

This report was not released publicly for 12 years, after a lengthy legal battle by the Mail & Guardian. [3]

There were 5,647,812 voters registered for the election; turnout was 55.4%.

Mugabe was sworn in for another term by Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku on 17 March 2002 at State House in Harare.[4]

Results[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Robert Mugabe ZANU-PF 1,685,212 56.2
Morgan Tsvangirai Movement for Democratic Change 1,258,401 42.0
Wilson Kumbula ZANU-Ndonga 31,368 1.0
Shakespeare Maya National Alliance for Good Governance 11,906 0.4
Paul Siwela Independent 11,871 0.4
Invalid/blank votes 132,155
Total 3,130,913 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,647,812 55.4
Source: African Elections database

References[edit]

  1. ^ Was Zimbabwe's election fair? BBC News, 3 November 2003
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ The Khampepe Report, a crushing blow to SA’s diplomatic credibility Daily Maverick
  4. ^ "Mugabe sworn in after Zimbabwe's disputed presidential vote", Associated Press (nl.newsbank.com), 17 March 2002.