Ziziphus oenoplia

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Ziziphus oenoplia
Ziziphus oenoplia in Kadavoor.jpg
Ziziphus oenoplia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rhamnaceae
Genus: Ziziphus
Species: Z. oenoplia
Binomial name
Ziziphus oenoplia
(L.) Mill.
  • Rhamnus oenopolia L.
Leaves and fruits

Ziziphus oenoplia, commonly known as the jackal jujube, small-fruited jujube or wild jujube,in hindi known as मकोरा Makora is a flowering plant with a broad distribution through tropical and subtropical Asia and Australasia.


It is a spreading, sometimes climbing, thorny shrub growing to 1.5 m in height. The leaves are simple, alternate, ovate-lanceolate, acute and oblique. The flowers are green, in subsessile axillary cymes. The fruit is a globose drupe, black and shiny when ripe, containing a single seed.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It ranges from the Indian subcontinent through southern China and Southeast Asia to northern Australia. It grows along roadside forests and thickets.[3]


The berries are edible and the bark is used for tanning.[3]


The plant produces cyclopeptide alkaloids known as ziziphines and has a long history of use as an herbal medicine.[citation needed] In India the root is used in Ayurvedic medicine.[2] The Konkani people of Maharashtra use the chewed leaves as a dressing for wounds.[4] In Burma the stem bark is used as a mouthwash for sore throats, for dysentery, and for inflammation of the uterus.[5] Research in Thailand has found that extracts of ziziphine from Ziziphus oenoplia var. brunoniana show antiplasmodial in vitro activity against the malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum.[6]


  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 30 January 2016
  2. ^ a b Ayurvedic medicinal plants.
  3. ^ a b Ara et al. (2008).
  4. ^ Kuvar & Bapat (2010).
  5. ^ Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database.
  6. ^ Sunit Suksamrarn et al. (2005).