109th meridian east

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Line across the Earth
109°
109th meridian east

The meridian 109° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 109th meridian east forms a great circle with the 71st meridian west.

From Pole to Pole[edit]

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 109th meridian east passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 109°0′E / 90.000°N 109.000°E / 90.000; 109.000 (Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean
79°37′N 109°0′E / 79.617°N 109.000°E / 79.617; 109.000 (Laptev Sea) Laptev Sea
76°44′N 109°0′E / 76.733°N 109.000°E / 76.733; 109.000 (Russia)  Russia Krasnoyarsk KraiTaymyr Peninsula
74°0′N 109°0′E / 74.000°N 109.000°E / 74.000; 109.000 (Khatanga Gulf) Khatanga Gulf
73°21′N 109°0′E / 73.350°N 109.000°E / 73.350; 109.000 (Russia)  Russia Krasnoyarsk Krai
Sakha Republic — from 69°46′N 109°0′E / 69.767°N 109.000°E / 69.767; 109.000 (Sakha Republic)
Irkutsk Oblast — from 63°35′N 109°0′E / 63.583°N 109.000°E / 63.583; 109.000 (Irkutsk Oblast)
Republic of Buryatia — from 56°39′N 109°0′E / 56.650°N 109.000°E / 56.650; 109.000 (Buryatia)
Irkutsk Oblast — from 56°1′N 109°0′E / 56.017°N 109.000°E / 56.017; 109.000 (Irkutsk Oblast)
Republic of Buryatia — from 55°56′N 109°0′E / 55.933°N 109.000°E / 55.933; 109.000 (Buryatia), passing through Lake Baikal
Zabaykalsky Krai — from 51°27′N 109°0′E / 51.450°N 109.000°E / 51.450; 109.000 (Zabaykalsky Krai)
49°21′N 109°0′E / 49.350°N 109.000°E / 49.350; 109.000 (Mongolia)  Mongolia
42°27′N 109°0′E / 42.450°N 109.000°E / 42.450; 109.000 (China)  People's Republic of China Inner Mongolia
Shaanxi – from 38°20′N 109°0′E / 38.333°N 109.000°E / 38.333; 109.000 (Shaanxi)
Inner Mongolia – from 38°8′N 109°0′E / 38.133°N 109.000°E / 38.133; 109.000 (Inner Mongolia)
Shaanxi – from 37°53′N 109°0′E / 37.883°N 109.000°E / 37.883; 109.000 (Shaanxi), passing just east of Xi'an (at 34°15′N 108°56′E / 34.250°N 108.933°E / 34.250; 108.933 (Xi'an))
Chongqing – from 31°55′N 109°0′E / 31.917°N 109.000°E / 31.917; 109.000 (Chongqing)
Hubei – from 30°37′N 109°0′E / 30.617°N 109.000°E / 30.617; 109.000 (Hubei)
Chongqing – from 29°19′N 109°0′E / 29.317°N 109.000°E / 29.317; 109.000 (Congqing)
Guizhou – from 28°9′N 109°0′E / 28.150°N 109.000°E / 28.150; 109.000 (Guizhou)
Hunan – from 27°14′N 109°0′E / 27.233°N 109.000°E / 27.233; 109.000 (Hunan)
Guizhou – from 27°4′N 109°0′E / 27.067°N 109.000°E / 27.067; 109.000 (Guizhou)
Guangxi – from 25°46′N 109°0′E / 25.767°N 109.000°E / 25.767; 109.000 (Guangxi)
Guizhou – from 25°42′N 109°0′E / 25.700°N 109.000°E / 25.700; 109.000 (Guizhou)
Guangxi – from 25°31′N 109°0′E / 25.517°N 109.000°E / 25.517; 109.000 (Guangxi)
21°37′N 109°0′E / 21.617°N 109.000°E / 21.617; 109.000 (South China Sea) South China Sea Gulf of Tonkin – passing just west of Weizhou Island,  People's Republic of China (at 21°2′N 109°4′E / 21.033°N 109.067°E / 21.033; 109.067 (Weizhou))
19°34′N 109°0′E / 19.567°N 109.000°E / 19.567; 109.000 (China)  People's Republic of China Island of Hainan
18°22′N 109°0′E / 18.367°N 109.000°E / 18.367; 109.000 (South China Sea) South China Sea
14°49′N 109°0′E / 14.817°N 109.000°E / 14.817; 109.000 (Vietnam)  Vietnam Quảng Ngãi
Bình Định – from 14°40′N 109°0′E / 14.667°N 109.000°E / 14.667; 109.000 (Bình Định)
Phú Yên – from 13°31′N 109°0′E / 13.517°N 109.000°E / 13.517; 109.000 (Phú Yên)
Khánh Hòa – from 12°42′N 109°0′E / 12.700°N 109.000°E / 12.700; 109.000 (Khánh Hòa)
Ninh Thuận – from 11°55′N 109°0′E / 11.917°N 109.000°E / 11.917; 109.000 (Ninh Thuận)
11°20′N 109°0′E / 11.333°N 109.000°E / 11.333; 109.000 (South China Sea) South China Sea Passing just east of the island of Cù Lao Thu,  Vietnam (at 10°31′N 108°57′E / 10.517°N 108.950°E / 10.517; 108.950 (Cù Lao Thu))
2°34′N 109°0′E / 2.567°N 109.000°E / 2.567; 109.000 (Indonesia)  Indonesia Island of Serasan
2°32′N 109°0′E / 2.533°N 109.000°E / 2.533; 109.000 (South China Sea) South China Sea
1°17′N 109°0′E / 1.283°N 109.000°E / 1.283; 109.000 (Indonesia)  Indonesia Island of Borneo
0°18′N 109°0′E / 0.300°N 109.000°E / 0.300; 109.000 (South China Sea) South China Sea Passing just east of the island of Karimata,  Indonesia (at 1°36′S 108°58′E / 1.600°S 108.967°E / -1.600; 108.967 (Karimata))
2°50′S 109°0′E / 2.833°S 109.000°E / -2.833; 109.000 (Java Sea) Java Sea
6°48′S 109°0′E / 6.800°S 109.000°E / -6.800; 109.000 (Indonesia)  Indonesia Islands of Java and Kambangan Island
7°46′S 109°0′E / 7.767°S 109.000°E / -7.767; 109.000 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean
60°0′S 109°0′E / 60.000°S 109.000°E / -60.000; 109.000 (Southern Ocean) Southern Ocean
66°53′S 109°0′E / 66.883°S 109.000°E / -66.883; 109.000 (Antarctica) Antarctica Australian Antarctic Territory, claimed by  Australia

See also[edit]