Slovak Police training explosives incident

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Slovak Police training explosives incident
Ireland Slovakia Locator.png
Ireland (green) and Slovak Republic (orange)
Location Poprad, Slovak Republic
Dublin, Ireland
Date 2 January 2010
Attack type
Bomb alert
Weapons Hidden explosive material
Deaths None
Non-fatal injuries
None
Perpetrators Slovak police (by mistake)

“He's completely innocent. He's lived here for three years and works as a tradesman. He didn't know what was going on.”

Garda source after an unsuspecting electrician was detained on anti-terrorism charges after being planted with explosives by the Slovak police.[1]

“That police officer made this fatal mistake, that he forgot to remove the sample and did not inform his superior about his mistake, but the sample was completely harmless.”

Tibor Mako, chief of border police department of Slovakia.[2]

The Slovak Police training explosives incident involved a passenger on Danube Wings Flight V5 8230, a flight from Poprad-Tatry Airport, Slovak Republic, to Dublin Airport, Ireland, on 2 January 2010, that, three days later, caused an international incident due to the mistaken carriage of a sample of plastic explosive on the aircraft.

The explosive had been placed in a departing passenger's luggage in Poprad-Tatry Airport as part of a sniffer dog effectiveness test for checked in luggage. The test material was detected by the dogs. A Slovak security officer apparently then failed to remove it, and the bag was loaded onto a flight to Dublin. With security checks not generally performed for arrivals, the passenger arrived without incident and took the bag to his home in central Dublin. On 5 January, the area surrounding his apartment was sealed off and evacuated, while Army bomb disposal experts recovered the sample. The passenger was arrested but released without charge.

The Slovak authorities said that the pilot was aware of the mistake and had cleared the flight, and they had told Irish authorities and the passenger the same day. Irish authorities however said they were not made aware of the situation until 5 January. The Slovak government apologised to Irish authorities on 6 January, and promised an investigation.

At 96 grammes, the amount of explosive was reportedly enough to manufacture two hand grenades (although it was harmless in its transported form, having no detonator) and exceeded that used in the attempted bombing of a Christmas Day flight to Detroit, Michigan, days earlier.

Slovak Republic hidden explosives incident[edit]

In an attempt to examine their airport security, Slovak government authorities planted two different illegal items (a small sample of real explosive and a scent sample) between random pieces of baggage at Poprad-Tatry Airport on the morning of Saturday, 2 January 2010.[2] One of these was placed next to the baggage of a man described as a 49-year-old electrician, originally from the Slovak Republic but who had moved to Dublin, where he had been employed for three years.[1][3][4][5] He was flying back to Dublin after spending Christmas in the Slovak Republic.[3]

The sniffer dog located both samples, but as the officer on duty had been allegedly called off to another plane, he forgot to remove one of the samples. Baggage with the sample accidentally stuck to it was allowed to be loaded on an aircraft and flown to Dublin, departing on a Danube Wings flight at 11:00.[2] The baggage arrived at Dublin airport where, as it was arriving and not departing, it was not checked.[5]

Communication failure[edit]

The police officer on duty, after realising his mistake, informed the Poprad-Tatry Airport flight controllers and in turn the pilot of the plane. The pilot evaluated the situation as not dangerous and decided to continue his flight. Poprad-Tatry Airport flight control operators sent a message to Dublin Airport and informed them about the problem.[2] Dublin airport officially denied this,[6] but passengers said that they were waiting for the luggage an unusually long time.[2] Slovak police officials were not informed about the problem until 5 January, and they immediately reacted.

Dublin bomb alert[edit]

On 5 January 2010, the Slovak airport authorities alerted their colleagues at the Airport Police Service stationed in Dublin Airport, who then alerted the Garda Síochána of the Slovakian security breach.[4][7] They also alerted the man via his mobile phone at around the same time, telling him what he had unwittingly done.[5] They allegedly had earlier sent a telex in advance to alert Ireland.[1] The man's flight details were examined by Irish authorities and his residence located and raided.[5]

A major bomb alert took place in the area surrounding his apartment on Dublin's Dorset Street, near the city's important O'Connell Street.[8] A section of the road was sealed off, homes were evacuated, and traffic on several nearby streets was diverted.[9] Two streets were locked down for at least an hour.[4] At 12:05, the bomb alert ended.[5]

The man who had carried the explosives was detained under Section 30 of the Offences Against the State Act 1939 and brought to the Garda station in Mountjoy.[3][9] The intervention of the Slovak government indicated that he was actually innocent.[7] Irish authorities claimed they were initially misled by Slovak Republic into believing he was a terrorist.[10] The man was later released uncharged after full details emerged.[3]

Substance[edit]

The sample contained 10 grams of RDX,[2] in a plastic form and size of two large coins.[2] The sample was completely harmless without initiator and detonator.[2]

Reaction[edit]

The incident prompted a debate on the legality of planting explosives on civilians without their knowledge.[7]

Dermot Ahern, Ireland's Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform ordered an immediate investigation into the incident.[4] He expressed concern that Ireland had not been informed by Slovakia of the danger it was in for three days.[11] Detective Chief Superintendent Martin McLaughlin was appointed lead investigator of the investigation.[4]

Opposition Fine Gael Senator Paschal Donohoe, in whose constituency the explosives were discovered,[12] said the whole affair was "bizarre and extremely worrying", called on the Government to offer an explanation, and praised the emergency services for their role in a safe ending.[13] Charlie Flanagan, the party's spokesperson for justice, described the incident as "a serious security breach" which "required an immediate investigation".[12] The Labour Party's Joe Costello called it an "extraordinary affair" and asked how the Government was going to deal with Slovakia.[12]

The Slovak Embassy in Dublin gave no immediate reaction to the incident,[8] but Slovakia's Minister of Internal Affairs Robert Kaliňák expressed his "profound regret" in a telephone call to Ahern,[1][4][5][14] and Slovakia has said it will assist in bringing the matter to conclusion.[4] Kaliňák immediately banned the sniffer dog security checks in his country.[15]

The newspaper USA Today called the incident "a security test gone badly awry".[16] Online magazine forth's Jason Walsh commented: "We know airport security is a problem when European governments are planting plastic explosives on travellers".[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Cormac O'Keeffe (2010-01-06). "Botched Slovak police test sparks explosives scare". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Tibor Mako (2010-01-06). "Tlačová konferencia Hraničnej a cudzineckej polície". TA3. Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Slovakia apologises for explosives find". Ireland Online. 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Explosive reached Ireland after failed test". RTÉ. 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Conor Lally (2010-01-06). "Slovak authorities apologise as hidden explosives enter Dublin". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  6. ^ Dublin Airport (2010-01-06). "DAA Not Informed About Transportation of Slovak Explosive Until Jan 5". Dublin Airport Authority. Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  7. ^ a b c David Sharrock (2010-01-06). "Air passenger held after security-test officials plant explosives". The Times (UK). Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  8. ^ a b "Danger Explosive Transported to Ireland After Failed Security Test in Slovakia". SK Today. 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  9. ^ a b "Man arrested following explosives find". Irish Independent. 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  10. ^ Robert Mackey (2010-01-05). "Slovak Air Security Test Goes Very Wrong". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  11. ^ "Explosives planted on man to test airport security". BBC News. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  12. ^ a b c Harry McGee (2010-01-06). "Opposition demands answers on explosives find". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2010-01-06. "Joe Costello, the Labour Party deputy for Dublin Central, said Minister for Justice Dermot Ahern should fully set out the circumstances that led to the explosive material being discovered in the flat on Dorset Street in his constituency." 
  13. ^ Gary Fennelly (2010-01-05). "Irish government furious after Slovak agents plant explosives on passenger: Man arrested after 'bizarre' discovery in Dublin apartment". The Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  14. ^ "Irish police seize explosives in test". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  15. ^ Simon Hooper (2010-01-06). "Slovakia explosives gaffe 'highlights security failings'". CNN. Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  16. ^ Michael Winter (2010-01-05). "Security test fails as explosives fly to Ireland". USA Today. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  17. ^ Jason Walsh (2010-01-05). "An explosive state". forth. Retrieved 2010-01-05.