3-Methylpentane

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3-Methylpentane
Skeletal formula of 3-methylpentane
Ball and stick model of 3-methylpentane
Spacefill model of 3-methylpentane
Names
IUPAC name
3-Methylpentane[1]
Identifiers
1730734
96-14-0 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL357767 YesY
ChemSpider 7010 YesY
EC number 202-481-4
Jmol-3D images Image
MeSH 3-methylpentane
PubChem 7282
UN number 1208
Properties
C6H14
Molar mass 86.18 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Odorless
Density 664 mg mL−1
Melting point −162.8 °C; −261.1 °F; 110.3 K
Boiling point 62.9 °C; 145.1 °F; 336.0 K
Insoluble
log P 3.608
Vapor pressure 18.0 kPa (at 17 °C)
8.8 mol Pa−1 kg−1
1.376
Thermochemistry
191.16 J K−1 mol−1
292.5 J K−1 mol−1
−203.0–−201.0 kJ mol−1
−4.1608–−4.1590 MJ mol−1
Hazards
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The exclamation-mark pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The environment pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H225, H304, H315, H336, H411
P210, P261, P273, P301+310, P331
EU Index 601-007-00-7
EU classification Highly Flammable F Harmful Xn Dangerous for the Environment (Nature) N
R-phrases R11, R36, R51/53, R65
S-phrases S16, S33
Flash point −7 °C (19 °F; 266 K)
278 °C (532 °F; 551 K)
Explosive limits 1.2–7.7%
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
none[2]
Related compounds
Related alkanes
Related compounds
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

3-Methylpentane is a branched-chain alkane with the molecular formula C6H14. It is a structural isomer of hexane composed of a methyl group bonded to the third carbon atom in a pentane chain. It is of similar structure to the isomeric 2-methylpentane, which has the methyl group located on the second carbon of the pentane chain.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "3-methylpentane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0323". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). 

External links[edit]