41st Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)
|41st Infantry Division|
|Active||January - May 1945|
The 41st Infantry Division (German: 41. Infanteriedivision), formerly the 41st Fortress Division (German: 41. Festungdivision) was a German Army infantry division in World War II. It took part in German operations in Greece towards the end of the war, and surrendered to the Yugoslav resistance at the end of Germany's part in the war.
Founded originally as the 41st Fortress Division, this unit was formed in Bruck in December 1943, with its command staff being formed from the cadre of the defunct 39th Infantry Division, and was ready for duty at the start of 1944 at a size of 22 battalions. In its initial deployment, it was to defend the Peloponnesus area of Greece as a coastal component of LXVIII Army Corps, a corps attached to the Army Group F under General Helmut Felmy.
The 733rd Grenadier Regiment was attached to the division in September 1944, after it was separated from its parent 133rd Fortress Division during the evacuation of Crete. On the 28th it was located in Greece, though this was only learned by Allied derypters the following month. It operated in the army group's rear guard during the German retreat from Corinth, being attacked by roaylist guerrillas and elements of the 2nd British Airborne Division, with minor skirmishes taking place as the division moved through Yugoslavia.
The division was restructured as an Infantry Division in January 1945, and engaged the Soviet Army as such along the Sava and Drava rivers. The 41st was then put under the command of the 117th Jaeger Division. The 41st surrendered to the 11th Yugoslavian Shock Division near Zagreb on May 8, 1945.
Order of battle
In its initial formation, the division was two full regiments in strength, expanding further in 1944, and even more in 1945.
- September 1944
- 141st Divisional Supply Troops
- 141st Engineer Battalion
- 141st Fusilier Battalion
- 141st Signal Battalion
- 309th Army Anti-Aircraft Battalion
- 733rd Grenadier Regiment
- 919th Army Coastal Artillery Regiment
- 938th Grenadier Regiment
- 965th Grenadier Regiment
- 1009th Fortress Infantry Battalion
- 1230th Grenadier Regiment
- 1231st Grenadier Regiment
- 1232nd Grenadier Regiment
- 41st Füsilier-Bataillon
- 141st Artillery Regiment
- 141st Pioneer Bataillon
- 141st Panzerjäger-Abteilung
- 141st Nachrichten-Abteilung
- 141st Feldersatz-Bataillon
- 141st Versorgungseinheiten
- Dunn, p.63
- Dunn, p.64
- Mitcham, German Order of Battle: 1st-290th Infantry Divisions in World War II, p.85
- Thomas, p.24
- Mitcham, The German Defeat in the East: 1944-45, p.200
- Hinsley, p.291
- Mitcham, German Order of Battle: 1st-290th Infantry Divisions in World War II p.86
- Mitcham, German Order of Battle: 1st-290th Infantry Divisions in World War II p.158
- Dunn, Walter Scott (2003). Heroes Or Traitors: The German Replacement Army, the July Plot, and Adolf Hitler. Greenwood Publishing Group.
- Hinsley, Francis Harry. British Intelligence in the Second World War: Its Influence on Strategy and Operations, Volume 3, Part 2. Cambridge University Press.
- Mitcham, Samuel W. (2007). German Order of Battle, Volume 1: 1st-290th Infantry Divisions in World War II. Stackpole Books.
- Mitcham, Samuel W. (2007). The German Defeat in the East: 1944-45. Stackpole Books.
- Muñoz, Antonio J. (2001). The east came west: Muslim, Hindu and Buddhist volunteers in the German armed forces, 1941-1945. Axis Europa Books.
- Thomas, Nigel (2012). The German Army 1939-45 (2): North Africa & Balkans. Osprey Publishing.