|Centuries:||4th century – 5th century – 6th century|
|Decades:||440s 450s 460s – 470s – 480s 490s 500s|
|Years:||475 476 477 – 478 – 479 480 481|
|478 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1231|
|Bahá'í calendar||−1366 – −1365|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
3174 or 3114
— to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
3175 or 3115
|- Vikram Samvat||534–535|
|- Shaka Samvat||400–401|
|- Kali Yuga||3579–3580|
|Igbo calendar||−522 – −521|
|Iranian calendar||144 BP – 143 BP|
|Islamic calendar||148 BH – 147 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1434 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1021|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 478.|
Year 478 (CDLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Illus without colleague (or, less frequently, year 1231 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 478 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Verina, mother-in-law of emperor Zeno, attempts to kill Isaurian general Illus for turning against Basiliscus, her brother. A major revolt is led by her son-in-law Marcian and the Ostrogoth warlord Theodoric Strabo, but Illus again proves his loyalty to Zeno by quashing the revolt in 479.
- The first Shinto shrines are built in Japan.
- The Song Dynasty ends in China.
- Chinese chronicles record a memorial sent by the "King of Japan" (possibly Yūryaku), who describes himself as "Supreme Director of Military Affairs in Japan and Korea" to the Court of the Northern Wei Dynasty. The Chinese emperor responds by confirming the Japanese dynasty in those titles. This is the earliest verifiable date in Japanese history.
- Lupus of Troyes, French bishop and saint (approximate date)
- Shen Youzhi, Chinese general of Liu Song