8-demicubic honeycomb

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8-demicubic honeycomb
(No image)
Type Uniform 8-space honeycomb
Family Alternated hypercube honeycomb
Schläfli symbol h{4,3,3,3,3,3,3,4}
Coxeter-Dynkin diagram CDel node h1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png or CDel nodes 10ru.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png
CDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node h.png
CDel nodes 10ru.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.png
Facets {3,3,3,3,3,3,4}
h{4,3,3,3,3,3,3}
Vertex figure Rectified octacross
Coxeter group {\tilde{B}}_8 [4,3,3,3,3,3,31,1]
{\tilde{D}}_8 [31,1,3,3,3,3,31,1]

The 8-demicubic honeycomb, or demiocteractic honeycomb is a uniform space-filling tessellation (or honeycomb) in Euclidean 8-space. It is constructed as an alternation of the regular 8-cubic honeycomb.

It is composed of two different types of facets. The 8-cubes become alternated into 8-demicubes h{4,3,3,3,3,3,3} Demiocteract ortho petrie.svg and the alternated vertices create 8-orthoplex {3,3,3,3,3,3,4} facets Cross graph 8 Nodes highlighted.svg.

D8 lattice[edit]

The vertex arrangement of the 8-demicubic honeycomb is the D8 lattice.[1] The 112 vertices of the rectified 8-orthoplex vertex figure of the 8-demicubic honeycomb reflect the kissing number 112 of this lattice.[2] The best known is 240, from the E8 lattice and the 521 honeycomb.

{\tilde{E}}_8 contains {\tilde{D}}_8 as a subgroup of index 270.[3] Both {\tilde{E}}_8 and {\tilde{D}}_8 can be seen as affine extensions of D_8 from different nodes: Affine D8 E8 relations.png

The D+
8
lattice (also called D2
8
) can be constructed by the union of two D8 lattices. This packing is only a lattice for even dimensions. The kissing number is 240. (2n-1 for n<8, 240 for n=8, and 2n(n-1) for n>8).[4] It is identical to the E8 lattice. At 8-dimensions, the 240 contacts contain both the 27=128 from lower dimension contact progression (2n-1), and 16*7=112 from higher dimensions (2n(n-1)).

CDel nodes 10ru.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes 10lu.png = CDel nodea 1.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel branch.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.png.

The D*
8
lattice (also called D4
8
and C2
8
) can be constructed by the union of all four D8 lattices:[5] It is also the 7-dimensional body centered cubic, the union of two 7-cube honeycombs in dual positions.

CDel nodes 10ru.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel nodes 01rd.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes 10lu.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes 01ld.png = CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.png.

The kissing number of the D*
8
lattice is 16 (2n for n≥5).[6] and its Voronoi tessellation is a quadrirectified 8-cubic honeycomb, CDel node 1.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel 3ab.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel 3ab.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel 4a4b.pngCDel nodes.png, containing all trirectified 8-orthoplex Voronoi cell, CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.math.rwth-aachen.de/~Gabriele.Nebe/LATTICES/D8.html
  2. ^ Sphere packings, lattices, and groups, by John Horton Conway, Neil James Alexander Sloane, Eiichi Bannai [1]
  3. ^ Johnson (2015) p.177
  4. ^ Conway (1998), p. 119
  5. ^ http://www.math.rwth-aachen.de/~Gabriele.Nebe/LATTICES/Ds8.html
  6. ^ Conway (1998), p. 120
  7. ^ Conway (1998), p. 466

References[edit]

  • Coxeter, H.S.M. Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8
    • pp. 154–156: Partial truncation or alternation, represented by h prefix: h{4,4}={4,4}; h{4,3,4}={31,1,4}, h{4,3,3,4}={3,3,4,3}, ...
  • Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [2]
    • (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
  • N.W. Johnson: Geometries and Transformations, (2015)
  • Conway JH, Sloane NJH (1998). Sphere Packings, Lattices and Groups (3rd ed.). ISBN 0-387-98585-9. 

External links[edit]