A2 autostrada (Poland)

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Autostrada A2 shield}}

Autostrada A2
Route information
Part of E30
Length: 475.0 km (295.2 mi)
610 km (379 mi) planned
Major junctions
From: Bundesautobahn 12 number.svg – border with Germany at Świecko
 

S3-PL.svg near Świebodzin
S5-PL.svg S11-PL.svg west of Poznań
S11-PL.svg near Poznań
S5-PL.svg east of Poznań
A1-PL.svg near Łódź (partially open)
S2-PL.svg S8-PL.svg near Warsaw (Still not ready/partially under construction as of 2014[1][2][3])

S19-PL.svg near Międzyrzec Podlaski (planned)
To: M1 Belarus.png – border with Belarus at Kukuryki, near Terespol/Brest (planned)
Location
Major cities: Poznań, Łódź, Warszawa(Warsaw – Capital city & biggest city in Poland)
Highway system
National roads in Poland
Voivodeship roads

The autostrada A2 in Poland is a motorway which runs from west to east through central Poland, from the Polish-German border in Świecko/Frankfurt, where it connects to the German A12 autobahn, through Poznań and Łódź to Warsaw. The motorway is a part of the European route E30 connecting Berlin and Moscow. On 4 June 2014 the motorway received official name as Autostrada Wolności (Freedom Motorway).[4]

According to current plans A2 will be gradually extended eastwards from Warsaw, all the way to the Polish-Belarusian border in Terespol/Brest, where it will connect to the M1 highway. This part of the motorway may be completed around 2020[5] depending on the availability of government funding. Its first 21 km segment serving as the bypass of Mińsk Mazowiecki opened in August 2012.

History of construction[edit]

Tarnawa toll plaza
A2 near Poznań, opened in 2003
A2 near Poznań Komorniki interchange
A2 near Kleszczewo (east of Poznań), opened in 2003
Ticket machine at Gołuski toll plaza
Toll price list (section Gołuski-Tarnawa)

The first highway planned along part of this route was a Reichsautobahn initiated by Nazi Germany to connect Berlin with Poznań (Posen). The construction of this highway, accelerated after Poznań was incorporated into Germany following the Invasion of Poland in 1939, was interrupted by the war and never finished, but traces of its earthworks were clearly visible on satellite photographs for decades afterwards, especially between the border with Germany and Nowy Tomyśl. Most of these traces have now disappeared as the modern motorway was built largely following the same route. A short stretch of the uncompleted highway between the border and Rzepin was finished as a dual carriageway road after 1945, in effect forming an extension of the German A 12 highway (opened as a Reichsautobahn in the 1930s). Except for this stretch, the construction work was not continued in the decades after the war.

New plans to build the A2 motorway were seriously formulated in communist Poland in the 1970s, possibly with the goal of completing it in time for the Moscow Olympics in 1980. Because of the economic crisis which hit the country in the late 1970s and continued throughout the 1980s, only a 50 km (31 mi) section from Września to Konin was opened in the 1980s. Construction of another stretch (between Łódź and Warsaw) was started and then abandoned, leaving an interesting ruin informally named Olimpijka, which was in turn demolished around 2010 when building of the motorway resumed.

Intensive construction of the motorway started only in 2001 after the fall of communism in Poland in 1989. Out of the planned total length of 610 km (380 mi), 359 km (223 mi) have been completed. A section of about 150 km (93 mi) (Nowy TomyślPoznańWrześniaKonin) has been fully open since 2004. This section is a toll road, with the exception of a short stretch through Poznań which serves as that city's bypass (between the interchanges at Głuchowo and Kleszczewo). An additional 100 km (62 mi) section from Konin to Stryków near Łódź was opened on 26 July 2006. A short 4.8 km (3.0 mi) bypass of Stryków, consisting of a 2 km extension of the A2 and a provisional single carriageway section of future motorway A1, was opened in December 2008, to ease the heavy traffic in that town generated when the motorway reached it.

As of winter 2009/2010, the plan was to finish the whole section between the border with Germany and Warsaw by the Spring of 2012, giving the Polish capital its first motorway connection to the European motorway network in time for the Euro 2012 football championships. That ambitious goal was jeopardised due to various difficulties encountered in finalizing the construction contracts and the delays that resulted. The 90 km (56 mi) section from Stryków to Warsaw was to be built in a public-private partnership, but the negotiations between the government and private companies interested in participating collapsed in February 2009 due to disputes over financing terms.[6] It was then decided that this section of the motorway would be built using public funds alone. The new bidding process was started on 27 March,[citation needed] and the contracts for design and construction of the road were signed on 28 September.[7] The section had been divided into 5 parts and so construction work began in 2010. The contractors were required to have the motorway open to traffic in time for Euro 2012. This goal was an ambitious one and ultimately proved challenging, given the possibility of unexpected delays during construction[8] and the fact that the Chinese consortium abandoned the project less than a year later,[9] so that new contractors had to be selected to replace it. The goal was to have this motorway stretch provisionally opened to traffic in time for Euro 2012, even if it's not fully completed, with various restrictions such as a lower speed limit to ensure safety. For a while it was not clear whether even this limited goal would be reached, but the motorway opened to traffic in June 2012 after very intensive construction work in the final few months.

In November 2011 construction of the stretch to the German border from Nowy Tomyśl had been completed. The road was opened to public traffic on 1 December. Toll plazas on this stretch of the highway wasn't open until May 2012 so use of the western section of the A2 was free of charge until then.[10]

It is the A and C stretches of Łódź – Warsaw section which are not yet fully finished. While the road is open to traffic, one interchange (with road 50) is not yet open, and some overpasses for local roads are still not completed. The plan was to complete them all by the Fall of 2012. At the terminus of the motorway in Warsaw it forks into two express roads, S2 and S8

In May 2013 Interchange with S3 (Jordanowo) was opened to traffic.[11] First stretch is between the interchange with the A2 motorway and the "Świebodzin North" interchange. In June 2013 S3 was extended further and opened to traffic to reach from the "Świebodzin South" interchange to the existing stretch of the S3 expressway at Sulechów. In July 2013 the elevated bypass of Świebodzin between the interchanges "Świebodzin North" and "Świebodzin South" fully opened to traffic thus fully extending the S3 from Szczecin to Sulechów.[12]

Motorway section Length Constructed Note
ŚwieckoNowy Tomyśl 105.9 km (65.8 mi) 2009–2011 opened 1 December 2011; toll motorway
Nowy Tomyśl – Poznań Komorniki 50.4 km (31.3 mi) 2001–2004 opened 27 October 2004; toll motorway
Poznań Komorniki – Poznań Krzesiny 13.3 km (8.3 mi) 2001–2003 opened 13 September 2003
Poznań Krzesiny – Września 37.5 km (23.3 mi) 2001–2003 opened 27 November 2003; toll motorway
Września – Golina 34.2 km (21.3 mi) 1977–1985 opened 9 October 1985; toll motorway since 20 December 2002
Golina – Konin Zachód 13.8 km (8.6 mi) 1986–1988 opened 10 November 1988
Konin Zachód – Stryków 103 km (64 mi) 2004–2006 opened 26 July 2006; toll motorway since 1 July 2011
Stryków – Łódź Północ 1.7 km (1.1 mi) 2008 opened 22 December 2008
Łódź Północ – Skierniewice 32 km (20 mi) 2010–2012 opened to traffic on 3 June 2012, fully completed in fall of 2012[13]
Skierniewice – Grodzisk Mazowiecki 41.4 km (25.7 mi) 2010–2012 opened to traffic on 6 June 2012, fully completed in fall of 2012[14]
Grodzisk Mazowiecki – Pruszków 12.6 km (7.8 mi) 2010–2012 opened on 27 May 2012[15]
Pruszków – Konotopa 4.8 km (3.0 mi) 2010–2012 opened on 22 May 2012[16]
Choszczówka StojeckaKałuszyn 20.8 km (12.9 mi) 2009–2012 opened 29 August 2012

Plans[edit]

The eastern section from Warsaw to the border crossing with Belarus at Kukuryki near Brest (connecting with M1), about 170 km (110 mi) in length, is still in planning stages. The decision finalizing the route of this section was announced in December 2011[17] but actual construction will not begin in the near future, and the schedule depends on the availability of government funding. The exception is a short (21 km (13 mi) long) section of A2 forming the bypass of Mińsk Mazowiecki which has been under construction since August 2009. It opened to traffic in August 2012.[18] The construction of the section between Warsaw and Siedlce should start first because of higher traffic density. The construction of the remaining section to the border with Belarus may begin considerably later, since the traffic density along this route is low and there is no urgent need for a high capacity road.

It is worth noting that the A2 motorway doesn't actually run through Warsaw, as the inhabitants of the districts through which it was to pass have successfully blocked its construction. This outcome was somewhat unusual, since the corridor for the motorway has been reserved by the city planners since the 1970s and kept free of construction. Instead, the traffic will be rerouted through two express roads (S2 and S8), of lower standard than the originally planned motorway. Paradoxically, one of these roads (S2) will run along the originally planned motorway corridor, so the residents who protested the construction will still end up with a busy road running through their districts, possibly even more inconvenient than the original road would have been. In the most affected area, the district of Ursynów, the express road will run in a tunnel, which will be built at considerable expense.

Exit list[edit]

A 12 E 30 Frankfurt, Berlin
EU-Icon.svg (0) Frankfurt/Świecko border crossing
AB-AS-blau.svg (1) Świecko DK29-PL.svg (signed as DK2-PL.svg)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Gliniec (dir. Świecko)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Sosna(dir. Warszawa)
AB-AS-blau.svg (2) Rzepin DK92-PL.svg
BAB-Grenze.svg () Road toll Tarnawa
AB-AS-blau.svg (3) Torzym DW138-PL.svg
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Walewice (dir. Świecko)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Koryta (dir. Warszawa)
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (4) Interchange Jordanowo S3-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (5) Trzciel
AB-AS-blau.svg (6) Nowy Tomyśl DW305-PL.svg
Zeichen 314.svg Wytomyśl (dir. Świecko) parking area
Zeichen 314.svg Kozielaski (dir. Warszawa) parking area
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Sędzinko (dir. Świecko)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Zalesie (dir. Warszawa)
AB-AS-blau.svg (7) Buk DW307-PL.svg
Zeichen 314.svg Dopiewiec (dir. Świecko) parking area
Zeichen 314.svg Konarzewo (dir. Warszawa) parking area
BAB-Grenze.svg () Road toll Gołuski

{Poznań – Zachód S5-PL.svgE 261, existing S11-PL.svg

AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (9) Interchange Poznań – Komorniki DK5-PL.svgE 261
AB-Tunnel.svg Tunnel under railway line in Luboń 130 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (10) Poznań – Luboń (formerly Dębina) DW430-PL.svg
AB-Brücke.svg Lucjan Ballenstaedt's bridge over Warta river 306 m
AB-Brücke.svg Bridge over railway line in Poznań
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (11) Interchange Poznań – Krzesiny DK11-PL.svg S11-PL.svg
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Tulce (dir. Świecko)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Krzyżowniki (dir. Warszawa)
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (12) Interchange PoznańWschód S5-PL.svgE 261
BAB-Grenze.svg () Road toll Nagradowice
Zeichen 314.svg Chwałszyce (dir. Świecko) parking area
Zeichen 314.svg Targowa Górka (dir. Warszawa) parking area
AB-AS-blau.svg (13) Września DK92-PL.svg
Zeichen 314.svg Sołeczno (dir. Świecko) parking area
Zeichen 314.svg Gozdowo (dir. Warszawa) parking area
Zeichen 314.svg Skarboszewo (dir. Świecko) parking area
AB-AS-blau.svg (15) Słupca DW466-PL.svg
Zeichen 314.svg Lądek (dir. Warszawa) parking area
BAB-Grenze.svg () Road toll Lądek
AB-AS-blau.svg (16) Sługocin DW467-PL.svg
AB-Brücke.svg Bridge over Warta river 250 m
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Osiecza
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (17) Interchange KoninZachód DK25-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (18) Konin – Wschód DK72-PL.svg
BAB-Grenze.svg () Road toll Żdżary
Zeichen 314.svg Kuny (dir. Świecko) parking area
Zeichen 314.svg Leonia (dir. Warszawa) parking area
AB-AS-blau.svg (19) Koło DW470-PL.svg
Zeichen 314.svg Police (dir. Świecko) parking area
Zeichen 314.svg Łęka (dir. Warszawa) parking area
AB-Brücke.svg Bridge over Warta river
Zeichen 314.svg Sobótka (dir. Świecko) parking area
Zeichen 314.svg Cichmiana (dir. Warszawa) parking area
AB-AS-blau.svg (20) Dąbie DW473-PL.svg
Zeichen 314.svg Kozanki (dir. Świecko) parking area
Zeichen 314.svg Zaborów (dir. Warszawa) parking area
AB-AS-blau.svg (21) Wartkowice DW703-PL.svg
Zeichen 314.svg Chrząstów parking area
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (22) Interchange Emilia DK91-PL.svg
Zeichen 314.svg Ciosny parking area
AB-AS-blau.svg (22) Piątek DW702-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (23) Stryków DK14-PL.svg DK71-PL.svg
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (24) Interchange Łódź-Północ (planned) A1-PL.svgE 75
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area Nowostawy (dir. Świecko) (planned)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area Niesułków (dir. Warszawa) (planned)
Toll point Road toll Rozdzielna (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg (25) Łowicz DW704-PL.svg
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area Parma (dir. Świecko) (planned)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area Polesie (dir. Warszawa) (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg (26) Skierniewice DK70-PL.svg
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area Bolimów (dir. Świecko) (planned)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area Mogiły (dir. Warszawa) (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg (27) Zyrardów DK50-PL.svg
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area Baranów (dir. Świecko) (planned)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area Baranów (dir. Warszawa) (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg (28) Grodzisk Mazowiecki DW579-PL.svg
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area (dir. Świecko) (planned)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area (dir. Warszawa) (planned)
Toll point Road toll (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg (29) Pruszków DW719-PL.svg
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (30) Interchange Konotopa S8-PL.svgE 67

Road will continue as S2-PL.svgE 30Southern Warsaw Bypass.
After bypassing Warsaw, road will continue as A2-PL.svg

Autobahnkreuz Interchange Konik Nowy (planned)DK2-PL.svgE 30
Parkplatz Parking area (planned)
Parkplatz Parking area (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg (32) Mińsk Mazowiecki – Arynów
AB-AS-blau.svg (33) Mińsk Mazowiecki – Airport DK50-PL.svg
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Under construction Rest area (under construction)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Under construction Rest area (under construction)
AB-AS-blau.svg (34) Ryczołek DK2-PL.svgE 30
Parkplatz Parking area (planned)
Parkplatz Parking area (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Kotuń (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Siedlce – Swoboda (planned) DK2-PL.svgE 30
AB-AS-blau.svg Siedlce – Białki (planned) DK63-PL.svg
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area (planned)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Łukowisko (planned) DK19-PL.svg
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area (planned)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Rest area (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Biała Podlaska – Zachód (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Biała Podlaska – Wschód (planned)
Parkplatz Parking area (planned)
Parkplatz Parking area (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Kukuryki (planned) DK68-PL.svg
BAB-Grenze.svg (-) Border crossing KukurykiKazlovichy
M1E 30
Minsk, Moscow

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]