Abd al Kuri

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Abd al Kuri
Native name: عبد الكوري
Abd-al-Kuri ISS.jpg
Photograph by NASA astronauts
Socotra - Abd Al Kuri.PNG
Geography
Coordinates 12°11′8.9″N 52°14′18″E / 12.185806°N 52.23833°E / 12.185806; 52.23833Coordinates: 12°11′8.9″N 52°14′18″E / 12.185806°N 52.23833°E / 12.185806; 52.23833
Archipelago Socotra Archipelago[1]
Area 133 km2 (51 sq mi)
Length 36 km (22.4 mi)
Width 5 km (3.1 mi)
Highest point Mount Ṣāliḥ[2]
Country
Governorate Hadhramaut Governorate[3]
Demographics
Population 450[1]
Density 3.38 /km2 (8.75 /sq mi)
Abd al Kuri in 1898
Map of the Socotra archipelago; Abd al Kuri at left

Abd al Kuri (Arabic: عبد الكوري‎) is a rocky island about 65 miles (105 km) southwest of Socotra in the Indian Ocean.[2] It is part of the Socotra Archipelago[2] and belongs to the Hadhramaut Governorate of Yemen,[3] although it is geographically closer to Somalia.[2] It consists of granite and diorite covered by limestone.[4]

Much of Abd al Kuri is semi-desert with little vegetation.[2] Two ranges of hills separated near the centre occupy the entire length of the island.[5] The northern coast consists mostly of a sandy beach with a few rocky points, while the southern coast consists of steep cliffs.[5][6] Its highest point, Mount Ṣāliḥ, reaches an altitude of over 700 meters. Most of its inhabitants subsist on fishing.[2] Kilmia is the main village.[7]

Abd al Kuri has a number of endemic plant species[2] and an endemic bird, the Abd al-Kuri Sparrow with estimated population of fewer than 1,000.[8][9][10]

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