Adaptive value

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The variation that can best adapted to their surroundings will survive.[1]

The adaptive value represents the combined influence of all characters which affect the fitness of an individual or population.

Definition[edit]

Adaptive value is an essential concept of population genetics. It represents usefulness of a trait that can help an organism to survive in its environment. This heritable trait that can help offspring to cope with the new surrounding or condition is a measurable quantity.[2] Measuring adaptive value increases our understanding of how a trait helps an individual's or population's chances of survival in a particular set of conditions.[3]

Measurement[edit]

The adaptive value can be measured by contribution of an individual to the gene pole of their offspring.The adaptive values are approximately calculated from the rates of change in frequency and mutation–selection balance.[2]

Allele-frequency.png

Examples[edit]

Biston betularia f. typica is the white-bodied form of the peppered moth.
Biston betularia f. carbonaria is the black-bodied form of the peppered moth.
  • Avoiding Predators Some plants use indirect plant defenses to protect themselves against their herbivorous consumers. One of defensive mechanism that plants employ is to release volatile chemicals when herbivorous are feeding from them. The odor of volatile attracts carnivores’ attention, and they get rid of herbivorous by eating them.[4]
  • Sexual Reproduction Advantages Sexual mimicry is common among animals. Male cuttlefishes uses this strategy to gain advantage over other males competitor. They mimic female cuttlefish’s marking to fool guarding male and fertilize their females. This strategy has more success rate than normal courtship.[5]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Evolution". 
  2. ^ a b Wallace, Bruce (September 1952). "The Estimation of Adaptive Values of Experimental Populations". Society for the Study of Evolution 6 (3): 331–341. 
  3. ^ Moran & Lehet. "Visual Mimicry in Cephalopods". Reed College. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Kaplan, Ian (November 1, 2012). "Trophic Complexity and the Adaptive Value of Damage-Induced Plant Volatile". PLoS Biology 10 (11): 1–5. 
  5. ^ Hanlon, Roger T.; Naud, Marié-Jose; Shaw, Paul W.; Havenhand, Jon N. (20 January 2005). "Behavioural ecology: Transient sexual mimicry leads to fertilization". Nature 433 (7023): 212–212. doi:10.1038/433212a. 

Category:Evolutionary biology terminology