Adobe Originals

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Adobe Originals logo

The Adobe Originals program began in 1989, when Sumner Stone hired Carol Twombly and Robert Slimbach to create a new series of type families for Adobe Systems. At the time, the desktop publishing revolution was in full swing, and designers had a growing need for high-quality digital fonts. The first typeface families arrived that same year: Slimbach's Utopia and Adobe Garamond. A reinterpretation of the Roman types of Claude Garamond and the italics of Robert Granjon, Adobe Garamond captured the essence of its models while offering all the advantages of contemporary typography. Versatile and beautiful, it would provide a blueprint for the many updated classics Slimbach and Twombly would add to the collection over the coming decade.

Slimbach and Twombly are not the only designers who have created Adobe Originals. The program also features typefaces from other award-winning designers, including Richard Lipton, Jovica Veljović, and Michael Harvey. A parallel Adobe Originals program was even developed to provide Japanese-language fonts. Today, it includes the works of such designers as Masahiko Kozuka and Ryoko Nishizuka.

OpenType conversion[edit]

When Adobe converted PostScript Type 1 and Multi Master fonts to OpenType CFF format, they were based on the last Type 1/MM versions from the Adobe Type Library. In addition to file format change, there were numerous other changes:

  • For fonts designed by Robert Slimbach for Adobe, some received major redesigns (notably Cronos), while most were re-spaced and re-kerned.
  • Some formerly all-capitals fonts such as Lithos Pro and Trajan Pro, received previously non-existent small-caps glyphs in the slots for lowercase characters.
  • All alphabetic fonts which did not already have it had the euro added.
  • All alphabetic fonts added 16 extra characters, including 14 Mac "symbol substitution" characters, the litre and estimated symbols. Symbol substitution was a scheme used on Mac OS, wherein for certain characters input using a Type 1 font with standard encoding, both screen and print would pull a generic version of the glyph in the Times style from the Symbol font. In OpenType, Adobe put customized versions of the formerly generic symbol substitution glyphs in every font, with a different appearance and metric in each font. The new glyphs include partialdiff, Delta (math), integral, pi (math), product (capital math pi), root, infinity, lozenge (diamond), summation (cap math Sigma), approxequal, ohm (capital math Omega), lessequal, greaterequal.
  • Unkerned accented characters received additional kerning to deal with accented characters.
  • Font families that formerly included separate Type 1 expert fonts or Cyrillic fonts had these glyphs included in the base fonts in their OpenType versions.
  • Multiple Master fonts were converted to individual OpenType fonts; each font consists of a former Multiple Master instance.

As a result of the changes, Adobe no longer guarantees metric compatibility between Type 1 and OpenType fonts.[1]

List of Adobe Originals families[edit]

Year of first release Family name Type designer(s) Comments
1986 Carta Lynne Garell This family was "grandfathered" by the program
1986 Sonata Cleo Huggins This family was "grandfathered" by the program
1989 Charlemagne Carol Twombly
1989 Cottonwood Barbara Lind, Kim Buker Chansler and Joy Redick
1989 Adobe Garamond Robert Slimbach
1989 Ironwood Joy Redick
1989 Juniper Joy Redick
1989 Lithos Carol Twombly
1989 Mesquite Joy Redick
1989 Ponderosa Kim Buker Chansler
1989 Tekton David Siegel 1993 Multiple Master, 2000 OpenType; Bold version was created by Jim Wasco in 1990; Glyphset expanded by Christopher Slye
1989 Trajan Carol Twombly Pro 3 extension by Robert Slimbach in 2011 which added support for Greek and Cyrillic
1989 Utopia Robert Slimbach
1990 Birch Kim Buker Chansler
1990 Blackoak Joy Redick
1990 Adobe Caslon Carol Twombly
1990 Madrone Barbara Lind
1990 Minion Robert Slimbach 1991 Multiple Master, 1992 Cyrillic, 2000 OpenType
1990 Poplar Barbara Lind
1990 Willow Joy Redick
1990, 1991 Adobe Wood Type Ornaments Barbara Lind and Joy Redick
1992 Myriad Carol Twombly and Robert Slimbach Glyphset expanded by Fred Brady and Christopher Slye
1992 Poetica Robert Slimbach
1993 Caflisch Script Robert Slimbach
1993 Critter Craig Frazier
1993 Cutout Gail Blumberg
1993 Giddyup Laurie Szujewska
1993 Mezz Michael Harvey
1993 Mythos Min Wang and Jim Wasco
1993 Pepperwood Kim Buker Chansler, Carl Crossgrove and Carol Twombly
1993 Quake Fryda Berd (a.k.a. Fred Brady)
1993 Rad John Ritter
1993 Rosewood Kim Buker Chansler, Carl Crossgrove and Carol Twombly
1993 Sanvito Robert Slimbach Creative Suite 4 registration incentive[2]
1993 Studz Michael Harvey
1993 Toolbox Brian Strysko
1993 Viva Carol Twombly
1993 Zebrawood Kim Buker Chansler, Carl Crossgrove and Carol Twombly
1994 Nueva Carol Twombly
1994 Penumbra Lance Hidy
1995 Alexa John Benson
1995 Balzano John Benson
1995 Caliban John Benson
1995 Galahad Alan Blackman
1995 Adobe Jenson Robert Slimbach
1995 Jimbo Jim Parkinson
1996 Andreas Michael Harvey
1996 Conga Brava Michael Harvey
1996 Cronos Robert Slimbach
1996 Kepler Robert Slimbach
1996 Mojo Jim Parkinson
1996 Ouch! Joachim Müller-Lancé
1996 Shuriken Boy Joachim Müller-Lancé
1997 Banshee Tim Donaldson
1997 Bickham Script Richard Lipton
1997 Chaparral Carol Twombly
1997 Ex Ponto Jovica Veljovic
1997 Flood Joachim Müller-Lancé
1997 Kinesis Mark Jamra
1997 Kozuka Mincho 小塚明朝 Masahiko Kozuka 小塚昌彦
1997 Nyx Rick Cusick
1997 Waters Titling Julian Waters
1998 Fusaka Michael Want
1998 Immi 505 Tim Donaldson
1998 Postino Timothy Donaldson
1998 Reliq Carl Crossgrove
1998 Voluta Script Viktor Solt
1999 Blue Island Jeremy Tankard
1999 Strumpf Mário Feliciano
2000 Calcite Akira Kobayashi
2000 Moonglow Michael Harvey
2000 Silentium Jovica Veljovic
2000 Warnock Robert Slimbach
2001 Kozuka Gothic 小塚ゴシック Masahiko Kozuka 小塚昌彦
2001 Montara Jim Parkinson
2002 Brioso Robert Slimbach
2003 Ryo Display りょう Display Ryoko Nishizuka 西塚涼子
2003 Ryo Text りょう Text Ryoko Nishizuka 西塚涼子
2003 Sava Jovica Veljovic
2004 Adobe Arabic Tim Holloway
2004 Adobe Hebrew John Hudson
2004 Adobe Thai Fiona Ross, John Hudson and Tim Holloway
2004 Ryo Gothic りょうゴシック Ryoko Nishizuka 西塚涼子
2005 Garamond Premier Robert Slimbach Creative Suite 2 registration incentive
2006 Kazuraki かづらき Ryoko Nishizuka 西塚涼子
2007 Arno Robert Slimbach
2007, 2010 Hypatia Sans Thomas Phinney Creative Suite 3 registration incentive. Roman fonts 2007, kerned by Robert Slimbach & Miguel Sousa; Italic fonts 2010 finalized by Paul Hunt
2010 Adobe Devanagari Fiona Ross and Tim Holloway
2010 Adobe Text Robert Slimbach Creative Suite 5 registration incentive[3]
2011 Myriad Arabic Robert Slimbach
2011 Myriad Hebrew Robert Slimbach
2011 Trajan Sans Robert Slimbach
2012 Leander Script Viktor Solt-Bittner
2012 Source Sans Paul D. Hunt Adobe’s first open source type family
2014 Source Serif Frank Grießhammer Adobe’s 100th typeface family, companion to Source Sans
2014 Source Han Sans, 思源黑体 (Simplified Chinese), 思源黑體 (Traditional Chinese), 源ノ角ゴシック (Japanese), 본고딕 (Korean) Ryoko Nishizuka 西塚涼子 Adobe’s first open source Pan-CJK type family


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