Romantic orientation, also called affectional orientation, indicates which sex or gender with which a person is most likely to have a romantic relationship or fall in love. It is used both alternatively and side-by-side with the term sexual orientation, and is based on the perspective that sexual attraction is but a single component of a larger dynamic. For example, although a bisexual person may feel sexually attracted to both men and women, they may be predisposed to romantic intimacy with females. Moreover, emotional or romantic intimacy between partners does not require sexual attraction because attraction is not purely sexual.
For some people, the term sexual orientation is reductionistic. For asexual people, romantic orientation is often considered a more useful measure of attraction than sexual orientation.
- Aromantic: lack of romantic attraction towards anyone
- Biromantic: romantic attraction towards person(s) of the same gender and of different genders
- Heteroromantic: romantic attraction towards person(s) of different genders
- Homoromantic: romantic attraction towards person(s) of the same gender
- Panromantic: romantic attraction to person(s) regardless of gender
- Androromantic: romantic attraction to person(s) who identify as male
- Gynoromantic: romantic attraction to person(s) who identify as female
- Demiromantic: romantic attraction to person(s) only after an emotional (though not necessarily romantic) connection is formed.
- Polyromantic: romantic attraction to person(s) of more than two genders but not all genders
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