Same gender loving
Same-gender-loving, or SGL, a term coined for African American use by activist Cleo Manago, is a description for homosexuals and bisexuals, particularly in the African American community. It emerged in the early 1990s as a [Black] culturally affirming homosexual identity. SGL was adapted as an Afrocentric alternative to what are deemed Eurocentric homosexual identities (e.g. gay and lesbian) which do not culturally affirm or engage the history and cultures of people of African descent. Specifically, the term SGL affirms Black homosexual and bisexual men and women through its African American conceptual origins, African inspired iconography, philosophy, symbols, principles, and values[not in citation given] The term SGL usually has broad, important and positive personal, social, and political purposes and consequences. SGL is anti-hate and anti-anti-Black.
In a 2004 study of African American men, most of whom were recruited from black gay organizations, 12% identified as same-gender-loving, while 53% identified as gay. Men attending Black Gay Pride Festivals in nine U.S. cities in 2000 responded similarly, with 10% identifying as same-gender-loving, 66% as gay, and 14% as bisexual. Because of selection bias the results of the studies are unsurprising. Recent studies indicate that African-American disadvantaged youths are less likely than Euro-American youths to self-label as gay male, lesbian, or transgender youths. While these studies exhibit an expected outcome, that is, going to an organization or event that is labeled and marketed as gay would yield a high correlation between participants and a gay identity such studies also illustrate the need for increased study and location of the organizations and activities that cater to same-gender loving people. An example of such an organization is the National Black Mens Xchange. It is the United States of America's oldest and largest community-based movement devoted to promoting healthy self-concept and behavior, cultural affirmation and critical consciousness among same-gender loving (SGL), gay-identifying and bisexual African-descended males and allies. It was reported, for instance, that in 1990 and 2000 the Census allowed same-sex cohabiting couples to identify themselves as "unmarried partners". It is likely that many of the individuals in these same-sex couples would identify as "gay," "lesbian," and/or "same-gender-loving".[need quotation to verify]
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- Parks, Carlton W (2001). "African-American Same-Gender-Loving Youths and Families in Urban Schools". Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services 13 (3): 41–56. "Because most men of color do not self-label as gay or bisexual, the phrase same-gender-loving youths was selected to describe this population. This phrase currently is used by men of color in major urban centers as a culturally-informed self-label related to their sexual orientation identity."
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- Parks, Carlton W. (2001-01-01). "African-American Same-Gender-Loving Youths and Families in Urban Schools". Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services 13 (3): 16. ISSN 1053-8720. "Urban school personnel need to be aware that ethnic minority same-gender-loving youths often choose not to self-label as “gay,” “lesbian,” or “bisexual” (Monteiro & Fuqua, 1996; Peterson, 1992)...Because most men of color do not self-label as gay or bisexual, the phrase same-gender-loving youths was selected to describe this population. This phrase currently is used by men of color in major urban centers as a culturally-informed self-label related to their sexual orientation identity."
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- Dang, Alain; Frazer, Somjen (Jan–Feb 2005). "Found: 85,000 Black Gay Households". The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide. Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review, Inc. p. 29.