Same gender loving
Same-gender-loving, or SGL, a term coined for African American use by activist Cleo Manago, is a description for homosexuals and bisexuals, particularly in the African American community. It emerged in the early 1990s as a culturally affirming African American homosexual identity.
SGL was adapted as an Afrocentric alternative to what are deemed Eurocentric homosexual identities (e.g. gay and lesbian) which do not culturally affirm or engage the history and cultures of people of African descent. Specifically, the term SGL affirms Black homosexual and bisexual men and women through its African American conceptual origins, African inspired iconography, philosophy, symbols, principles, and values[not in citation given] The term SGL usually has broad, important and positive personal, social, and political purposes and consequences. SGL is anti-hate and anti-anti-Black.
In a 2004 study of African American men, most of whom were recruited from black gay organizations, 12% identified as same-gender-loving, while 53% identified as gay. Men attending Black Gay Pride Festivals in nine U.S. cities in 2000 responded similarly, with 10% identifying as same-gender-loving, 66% as gay, and 14% as bisexual. Due to selection bias the results of the studies are unsurprising. Recent studies indicate that African-American disadvantaged youths are less likely than Euro-American youths to self-label as gay male, lesbian, or transgender youths.
While these studies exhibit an expected outcome, that is, going to an organization or event that is labeled and marketed as gay would yield a high correlation between participants and a gay identity such studies also illustrate the need for increased study and location of the organizations and activities that cater to same-gender loving people. An example of such an organization is the National Black Mens Xchange. It is the United States of America's oldest and largest community-based movement devoted to promoting healthy self-concept and behavior, cultural affirmation and critical consciousness among same-gender loving (SGL), gay-identifying and bisexual African-descended males and allies.
- "Communities of African Descent Media Resource Kit". Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation. Archived from the original on 2006-10-02. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- Parks, Carlton W (2001). "African-American Same-Gender-Loving Youths and Families in Urban Schools". Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services 13 (3): 41–56. "Because most men of color do not self-label as gay or bisexual, the phrase same-gender-loving youths was selected to describe this population. This phrase currently is used by men of color in major urban centers as a culturally-informed self-label related to their sexual orientation identity."
- Manago, Cleo. "What is Same Gender Loving?". Retrieved 2011-04-16.
- Malebranche, DJ; Peterson JL, Fullilove RE; Stackhouse RW (2004). "Race and Sexual Identity: Perceptions about Medical Culture and Healthcare among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men". J Natl Med Assoc (96): 97–107. Summarized in Young, Rebecca M.; Ilan H. Meyer (2005). "The Trouble With "MSM" and "WSW": Erasure of the Sexual-Minority Person in Public Health Discourse". American Journal of Public Health 95 (7): 1144–1149. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2004.046714. PMC 1449332. PMID 15961753.
- Cochran, SD; Scott RL; Mays VM; Nellos C. (July 11–16, 2004). "Don't Call Me Queer: Preferred Self-Identifiers for Recruiting African American MSM's in HIV Research (Abstract)". Int Conf AIDS. Retrieved 2007-02-01.
- Christopher Winship; Robert D. Mare (1992). "Models for sample selection bias". Annual Review of Sociology. p. 23. Retrieved 6/1/2011.
- Parks, Carlton W. (January 1, 2001). "African-American Same-Gender-Loving Youths and Families in Urban Schools". Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services 13 (3): 16. ISSN 1053-8720. "Urban school personnel need to be aware that ethnic minority same-gender-loving youths often choose not to self-label as “gay,” “lesbian,” or “bisexual” (Monteiro & Fuqua, 1996; Peterson, 1992) ... Because most men of color do not self-label as gay or bisexual, the phrase same-gender-loving youths was selected to describe this population. This phrase currently is used by men of color in major urban centers as a culturally-informed self-label related to their sexual orientation identity."
- "Homepage". The Black Mens Xchange National, Inc. Retrieved 6/1/2011.
- villagechief. "Founder of Black Men’s Xchange Issues Statement Regarding CNN’s Don Lemon". Retrieved 6/1/2011.