Ahir clans

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The Ahir clans are the various subsets of the Ahir or Abhira, a community of India. According to the researches (till 1914) made by Shrotriya Pandit Chotelal Sharma of Phulera, Rajasthan - Ahir clan had 1768 or more variants (gotra) & subsets in it.

According to the Markandeya Purana, all the Haiheya aggressors (warrior caste) were killed in a massacre led by Parshuram. In that time, the Ahirs were either a sub-clan of the Hayheya or sided with the Hayheya.

Ahir clans of North India[edit]

In Uttar Pradesh, there are around five surname used by yadav community. They are Ahir, Ghoshi, Gwala, Yadav and Yaduvanshi. Branches of Ahir are venuvanshi, bhirgudi, doha, dhandhauri, gaddi, gomla, ghodchada, ghosi, gujar, khunkhuni, rajoria and rawat.

Yaduvanshi[edit]

The Yaduvanshi Ahir, also spelled Jadubansis, Jadubans, Yadavanshi, Yadavamshi) claim descent from the ancient Yadava tribe of Krishna. According to history professor Rahul Shukla, In western UP, the early Yadavs were Yaduvanshi Yadavs who traced their lineage to Lord Krishna. They dominated the plains from Punjab, present-day Haryana to western UP, up to the Yamuna.The Yadavs of the western districts, especially Etawah, Mainpuri, Firozabad, Kannauj etc. are socially more influential traders, business-owners, and later went into government and private service in a big way.[1] They were the Zamidaars and they also ruled in many parts of India. Rewadi (Hariyana) Dhaulpur Alwar (Rajsthan) Bharaul,Kurri kupa ( Firozabad U P ) were some of the riyasats of Ahir (Yadavas). The Ahirs of Bokaro, Dhanbad and Ramgarh in the state of Jharkhand claim to be Krishnauth and are called Yaduvanshi Ahir. They wear the Sacred Thread too.[2]

Nandvanshi[edit]

Main article: Nandvanshi

A legendary story of the origin of the Nandvanshi Ahirs narrates that on his way to kill the rakshas, Krishna crossed the river Yamuna accompanied by the Gawlis; those that crossed the river with him became the Ahir Nandabanshi.[3]

The Kaonra Ahirs of Mandla and the Kamaria ahirs of Jabalpur are considered to belong to the Nandvanshi group.[4]

Gwalvanshi[edit]

Main article: Gwalvanshi

The Gwalvanshi Ahirs are historically associated with cowherding. According to history professor Rahul Shukla, the Gwalvanshi Ahirs had settled in Azamgarh, Varanasi, Gorkakhpur, Mirzapur etc., besides in Bihar. "They were cultivators or farmers in eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. At the turn of the century, they evolved into business and other vocations in a big way.[1]

Ghosi[edit]

Main article: Ghosi (tribe)
For Hindu Ghosi, see Hindu Ghosi.

The Ghosi are a community found mainly in North India.[5] They were the Zamidaars and small kings of various parts of country.[citation needed] The Ghosi claim descent from both the Gujjar[6] and Ahir[7] communities. Ghosi trace their their origin to King Nand,[7] the professed ancestor of Yaduvanshi Ahirs.[8][9]

Kamaria[edit]

Main article: Kamariya

Kamaria, a sub caste of Ahirs[4] profess to be descendants from Yadav Vansh (Lineage).[10] They are also known as Kamaria Zamindars.[11] As stated in the book "Caste in Question: Identity Or Hierarchy?" The Yadav caste leader and mentor Mulayam Singh Yadav is Kamaria.[12]

Dhador[edit]

Dhadhor or Dhador are a subcaste of the Yadav caste. Some live in the region between Etawah and Mainpuri in the state of Uttar Pradesh.[13]

Phatak[edit]

Main article: Phatak

The Phatak are a clan of Ahir herdsmen, one of the agricultural castes bearing considerable resemblance to Rajputs, claim to be descended from a Sisodia king of Chittore and the daughter of an Ahir King Digpal of Mahaban, to whom he was married.[14]

Ahar[edit]

Main article: Ahar caste

The Ahar are a Hindu caste of good agriculturists.[15][16] The Ahar tribe are spread through Rohilkhand and other districts of N.W. provinces, following pastoral pursuits. They claim to descended from Yadu.[17] The Ahars are one of the most ancient martial tribes of India, who ruled over different parts of India and Nepal since ancient times.[citation needed] A community of Hindu Kshatriya belong to Ahirwada (Jhansi) are known as Ahar Kshatriya, by Rajput clan belonging to the Chandravanshi Kshatriya lineage. Many Ahar live in different regions of India including Delhi, Mathura, Ahmedabad, Murena, Agra, and Jhansi.

Katakaya[edit]

Main article: Katakaya

The Katakaya are a sub group of yaduvanshi ahir found in the Ahirwada (vidisha to jhansi) state of Madhya Pradesh and some area of Rajasthan. Pulaiya gotras man of katakaya ahirs are also called Kuwar and Thakur Saab.

Kishnaut[edit]

Kishnaut Ahir clan is dominantly found in the Saran district of Bihar province.[18] They are traditionally cowherders and cultivators and are Hindu by religion. Manjaraut, Goria and Kanaujia are the other Ahir clans in Saran.[19] Kishnaut claim that Lord Krishna was born among their caste.[19] They worship Bir Kuar, a caste deity, for the protection of their cattle and lands. Bir Kuar was a Kishnaut Ahir,[20] who died protecting cattle from the attack of tigers.[21] They are known as Ahir Zamindars.[18]

Ahir clans in Gujarat and Maharastra[edit]

Devagiri fort-The capital of Yadavas

Boricha[edit]

Main article: Ahir Boricha

The Boricha's are a sub-division of the Ahir caste found in the state of Gujarat, India. They from the Kutch region. Some of them migrated to the districts of Jamnagar, Rajkot & Morbi and Junagdh because of frequent draught. The community was speaking kutchi language but now only some of them know this language. Now they speak regional Kathiyawadi or rough Gujarati and proper Gujarati or Guajarati. In the past their only business was farming, but now they have developed transport, construction and dairy businesses, agriculture, education institutes & private health sectors. The Boricha are divided into fifty two clans, the main ones being the Garchar, Sabad, Mala, Sodhiya, Makhela, Kumbharvadia, Mathiya, Davera, Vank, Dasotiya, Dangar, Jilaria, Savseta, Natda, Khungla, Gogra, Gajia, Basiya and Baria.

Pancholi[edit]

Main articles: Pancholi and Singh

The Pancholi's are a sub-division of the Ahir caste found in the state of Gujarat, India.[22]

The community is believed to have derived its name from the Panchal region in Saurashtra, their original homeland. According to their traditions, they migrated from Mathura along with Lord Krishna to the Parathar region of Saurashtra. They are distributed over eighteen villages in the Saurashtra region. The community are found mainly in Junagadh, Amreli and Bhavnagar Districts.[22]

Machchhoiya[edit]

Main article: Maschoiya

The Machchhoiya are a sub-group of the Ahir caste found in the state of Gujarat in India. The Maschoiya are a community of Ahirs who are said to have settled along the banks of the Machhu-katia river, and the word Maschoiya literally means those from Macchu-katia.

The Machchhoiya Ahir are found mainly in Rajkot District, Jamnagar District with a few also found in Junagadh District. They are a Gujarati-speaking community. The Machchhoiya are divided into a number of clans, all of which are of equal status. The main ones being the Dangar, Chavda, Kuvadiya,Sabhad, Sonara,Maru,Chhaiya, Boricha, Balasara, Bakutra, Makawana, Dav, Rathod, Lavadiya, Metra, Humbal, Khungla, Birda, Meta, Herrla, Kelodia, Khambhara, Kangad, Khokatara and Shiayar. Unlike other Ahir communities in Gujarat, the Machchhoiya practice consanguineous marriages. Machchhoiya Ahirs are also called Yadavas.

Bhurtiya[edit]

Main article: Bhurtiya

The Bhurtiya are a sub-division of the Ahir community, and like other Ahirs, they claim descent from the god Krishna. They are said to have immigrated to Gujarat, where they were known as Gurjar Rajputs. About three centuries ago, these Gurjar Rajputs settled in Awadh. The etymology of the word Bhurtiya is that it is a corruption of the Hindi word phurti (quickness). According to their tribal legends, an ancestor of the community was in such a rush, that she left her jewellery, and was given the nickname phurti, and this name was given to her descendents, and over time corrupted to Bhurtiya. They are found mainly in the districts of Varanasi, Allahabad, Meerut and Mathura.[23]

Paratharia[edit]

Main article: Ahir Paratharia

The community is believed to have derived its name from the Parathar region, their original homeland. According to their traditions, they migrated from Mathura along with Krishna to the Parathar region of Saurashtra. The Paratharia then migrated to Kutch around 1500–1600 AD. They are now distributed in eighty four villages in Kutch District, out of which thirty four are in Bhuj taluka, twenty four Anjar talukas and twelve villages in Nakathrana. A few are also found in Saurashtra. The Paratharia are a Gujarati speaking community. The Paratharia community consist of a number of clans, the main ones being the Batta, Gagal, Dheela, Dhangar, Chhangha, Varchand, Mata and Chad. Each of the clans are of equal status and intermarry. Like neighbouring Hindu communities, the community practice clan exogamy. The Paratharia are a community of small and medium-sized farmers. Milk selling is an important subsidiary of the community, while small number are now petty businessmen.

Sorathia[edit]

Main article: Ahir Sorathia

The Sarothia are a sub-group of the Yaduvanshi Ahir found in the state of Gujarat in India. The community is believed to have derived its name from the Sorath region, their original homeland. According to their traditions, they migrated from Mathura along with Krishna.

They are mainly found in Rajkot,Jamnagar,Junagadh, Kutch and other all District of Saurashtra prant. The Sorathia speak Gujarati. The Sorathia community consist of near abou sixty clans: Utadia,Der,Bhuva, Bodar, Dangar,Chandravadiya, Varu, Ram, Solanki, Chavda,Chudasama, Solanki, Barad, Gojiya, Kandoriya, Karangiya, Ravaliya, Vadhiya, Vala, Garaniya, Bhammar,Suva and Pampaniya, Dangiya, Naiyaran. Each of the clans are of equal status and intermarry. Like neighbouring Hindu communities, the community practice clan exogamy.

The Sorathia are a community farmers and Landlords. Many of them are in transport business. Some of them earn a living as contractors. The Boxite Minining business in Jamnagar district is completely in hands of Sorathiyas. All Boxite Mine owners are Sorathiyas. Their looks quite vary compared to other castes like Caucasian, especially their straight nose, tall, thin lips, is believed to have Scythian origin.

Ahir clans in Karnataka[edit]

Kuruba[edit]

Main article: Kuruba

The word Kuruba means "warriors" and "trustworthy people." The word "Kuru" means "do or seek" in Sanskrit, and "Kuruhu" means "trust" in Kannada. "Kuruba" can be inferred to mean "doers" or "trustworthy (male person)". Kuruba can also be inferred to mean "seeker of knowledge": kuru (seek), bha (knowledge, light).

Rulers and Chiefs under Ahir clans[edit]

  • Badna Ahir, Hamirpur[45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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