Ahir clans of North India
The Yaduvanshi Ahir (Sanskrit: यादुवंशी अहीर, also spelled Jadubansis, Jadubans, Yadavanshi, Yadavamshi) claim descent from the ancient Yadava tribe of Krishna. In Uttar Pradesh, the Yaduvanshi branch of the Ahirs is noted as being found west of the Yamuna and the Upper Doab, and in the northern districts of Rajasthan. In Awadh and in the North Western provinces where the Yadons have numerous settlements, the clan is divided. One branch calls itself Yaduvanshi Ahirs, to distinguish it from Yadons of the Daob, who have lost status through practising Karao or widow -marriage, and through violating Rajput custom by marrying into their own clan.
A legendary story of the origin of the Nandvanshi Ahirs narrates that on his way to kill the rakshas, Krishna crossed the river Yamuna accompanied by the Gawlis; those that crossed the river with him became the Ahir Nandabanshi.
The Ghosi are a community found mainly in North India. They are associated with the occupation of selling milk. The Ghosi claim descent from both the Gujjar and Ahir communities.
The Gwalvanshi Ahirs are historically associated with cowherding.
The Ahar are a Hindu caste found in North India. They are said to was descend from Ahir tribe. The Ahars are one of the most ancient martial tribes of India, who ruled over different parts of India and Nepal since ancient times. A community of Hindu Kshatriya belong to Ahirwada (Jhansi) are known as Ahar Kshatriya, by Rajput clan belonging to the Chandravanshi Kshatriya lineage. Many Ahar live in different regions of India including Delhi, Mathura, Ahmedabad, Murena, Agra, and Jhansi.
Ahir clans in Gujarat and Maharastra
The community is believed to have derived its name from the Panchal region in Saurashtra, their original homeland. According to their traditions, they migrated from Mathura along with Lord Krishna to the Parathar region of Saurashtra. They are distributed over eighteen villages in the Saurashtra region. The community are found mainly in Junagadh, Amreli and Bhavnagar Districts.
The Maschoiya are a sub-group of the Ahir caste found in the state of Gujarat in India. The Maschoiya are a community of Ahirs who are said to have settled along the banks of the Machhu-katia river, and the word Maschoiya literally means those from Macchu-katia. According to the traditions of the Maschoiya were originally Soomra Rajputs, and an ancestor left Sindh for Saurashtra, where he married an Ahir girl; his descendents thus became Ahirs.
The Maschoiya Ahir are found mainly in Rajkot District, with a few also found in Junagadh District. They are a Gujarati-speaking community. The Maschoiya are divided into a number of clans, all of which are of equal status. The main ones being the Dangar, Chavda, Kuvadiya, Sonara, Chhaiya, Boricha, Balasara, Bakutra, Makvana, Dav, Lavadiya, Metra, Humbal, Khungla, Birda, Meta, Herrla, Kelodia, Kangadh, Khokatara and Shiayar. Unlike other Ahir communities in Gujarat, the Maschoiya practice consanguineous marriages. Maschuiya Ahirs are also called Yadavas.
The Bhurtiya are a sub-division of the Ahir community, and like other Ahirs, they claim descent from the god Krishna. They are said to have immigrated to Gujarat, where they were known as Gurjar Rajputs. About three centuries ago, these Gurjar Rajputs settled in Awadh. The etymology of the word Bhurtiya is that it is a corruption of the Hindi word phurti (quickness). According to their tribal legends, an ancestor of the community was in such a rush, that she left her jewellery, and was given the nickname phurti, and this name was given to her descendents, and over time corrupted to Bhurtiya. They are found mainly in the districts of Varanasi, Allahabad, Meerut and Mathura.
The Chudasama are a Rajput clan found in the state of Gujarat in India. The Chudasama dynasty, originally of Abhira clan from Sindh wielded great influence around Junagarh from 875 A.D. Through many centuries of migrations, mainly from the Gujarat, emigrants have spread to almost every corner of the world, with a presence in Kenya and the United Kingdom, where they have established prosperous communities. Prince Hemachandra, a Chudasama, was called Abhira and Yadav. They are also called Ahir Ranas. Ra Graharipu the Ahir of Junagarh who fought Mularaja Solanki in A.D 961 was a Sindh Chudasama.
The originator of the Chudasama clan is said to be an ancient prince named Gajpat, who had hidden in the bangle (chuda) of Hinglaj Mataji[who?] to escape persecution from a Muslim invader, who wanted to convert all the people to Islam. They are a branch of Samma Rajput clan of Sindh, descending from Yadav clan in which Krishna was born. The surname itself indicates this Chuda-Samma now written as Chudasama.
The community is believed to have derived its name from the Parathar region, their original homeland. According to their traditions, they migrated from Mathura along with Krishna to the Parathar region of Saurashtra. The Paratharia then migrated to Kutch around 1500–1600 AD. They are now distributed in eighty four villages in Kutch District, out of which thirty four are in Bhuj taluka, twenty four Anjar talukas and twelve villages in Nakathrana. A few are also found in Saurashtra. The Paratharia are a Gujarati speaking community. The Paratharia community consist of a number of clans, the main ones being the Batta, Gagal, Dheela, Dhangar, Chhangha, Varchand, Mata and Chad. Each of the clans are of equal status and intermarry. Like neighbouring Hindu communities, the community practice clan exogamy. The Paratharia are a community of small and medium sized farmers. Milk selling is an important subsidiary of the community, while small number are now petty businessmen.
The Sarothia are a sub-group of the Yaduvanshi Ahir found in the state of Gujarat in India. The community is believed to have derived its name from the Sorath region, their original homeland. According to their traditions, they migrated from Mathura along with Krishna.
They are mainly found in Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kutch and other all District of Saurashtra prant. The Sorathia speak Gujarati. The Sorathia community consist of near abou sixty clans: Bhuva, Bodar, Dangar, Der, Chandravadiya, Varu, Ram, Solanki, Chavda, Chudasama, Solanki, Barad, Gojiya, Kandoriya, Karangiya, Ravaliya, Vala, Garaniya, Bhammar. Each of the clans are of equal status and intermarry. Like neighbouring Hindu communities, the community practice clan exogamy.
The Sorathia are a community farmers and Landlords. Many of them are in transport business. Some of them earn a living as contractors. The Boxite Minining business in Jamnagar district is completely in hands of Sorathiyas. All Boxite Mine owners are Sorathiyas. Their looks quite vary compared to other castes like Caucasian, especially their straight nose, tall, thin lips, is believed to have Scythian origin.
Ahirs of Maharastra are also called Dhangars. The Ain-i-Akbari describes them as being a proud, refractory and domineering race of Rajputs, living in the Basim Sircar and, with numerous armed forces, occupying the forts and controlling the surrounding districts. Rajputs and Dhangars have same or common gotras. There were twelve tribes of Dhangar and they had a division of labour amongst brothers of one family. This later formed three sub-divisions and one half division. These three being Hatkar (shepherds), Ahir (cowherds) or Mhaskar (Gujjar) (buffalo keepers), and Khutekar (wool and blanket weavers). The half division is called Khateek or Khatik (butchers). All sub-castes fall in either of these divisions. All sub-divisions emerge from one stock and all sub-divisions claim to be a single group of Dhangars.
The Barda are a Hindu tribal community found in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra in India. The community is also known as Adibashi or Khandeshi Bhil.
The community is now settled in the districts of Mehsana, Ahmedabad, Baroda and Surat. They speak Gujarati. In Maharashtra, the Barda are considered to be a sub-group of the Bhil ethnic group. According to their traditions, the community descend from Sabri Bhil, a well known character from the Ramayana. The Bardas are concentrated in the districts of Dhule, Jalgaon, Nasik, Osmanabad, Sangli, Kolhapur and Sholapur. They speak Barda bhasha, which is related to Marathi. Most Barda also speak Gujarati. The Barda are strictly endogamous, and practice clan exogamy. There major clans are the Ahir, Baria, Dangia, Gaikwad, Mali, Mori, and Thakur, all of whom intermarry.
Ahir clans in Karnataka
The word Kuruba means "warriors" and "trustworthy people." The word "Kuru" means "do or seek" in Sanskrit, and "Kuruhu" means "trust" in Kannada. According to British historian Reginald Edward Enthoven, Kurumdas are none other than Ahirs of the south. "Kuruba" can be inferred to mean "doers" or "trustworthy (male person)". Kuruba can also be inferred to mean "seeker of knowledge": kuru (seek), bha (knowledge, light).
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