Aigues-Vives, Aude

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Aigues-Vives
The Town Hall
The Town Hall
Coat of arms of Aigues-Vives
Coat of arms
Aigues-Vives is located in France
Aigues-Vives
Aigues-Vives
Coordinates: 43°13′55″N 2°32′03″E / 43.2319°N 2.5342°E / 43.2319; 2.5342Coordinates: 43°13′55″N 2°32′03″E / 43.2319°N 2.5342°E / 43.2319; 2.5342
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Department Aude
Arrondissement Carcassonne
Canton Peyriac-Minervois
Intercommunality Carcassonne Agglo
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Jean-Louis Cassignol
Area
 • Land1 10.21 km2 (3.94 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 519
 • Population2 density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 11001 / 11800
Elevation 55–109 m (180–358 ft)
(avg. 55 m or 180 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aigues-Vives is a French commune in the Aude department in the Languedoc-Roussillon region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aigues-Vivois or Aigues-Vivoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Aigues-Vives is located in the north-east of Aude department in the Minervois area some 50 km west by north-west of Narbonne and 14 km east by north-east from Carcassonne. It is traversed by Highway D206 going north-east from Badens through the heart of the commune and the town and continues north-east out of the commune to Rieux-Minervois. Highway D57 also traverses the commune from Laure-Minervois in the north intersecting the Highway D206 in the town of Aigues-Vives and continuing south to join the east-west D610 highway.

The commune is entirely farmland except for the town and a hill on the western edge. There are a few scattered buildings but no villages or towns other than Aigues-Vives. The Ruisseau de Puits flows from the hill in the west to north of the town where it joins the Canal Nord. There are a few other streams in the commune including the Reals, the Mirausse, the Genet, the Mijane, the Canet, the Neuf, the Canal Sud, and the Rigole d'Aigues-Vives.[2]

Neighbouring Communes and Villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

The first document attesting to the existence of Aigues-Vives was transcribed from the Latin Aquaviva in 994, although some say 993. It was an exchange between Udulgarius, Abbot of Caunes (Minervois) and Roger Trencavel, Viscount of Carcassonne.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aigues-Vives

Blazon:
Bendy sinister of 4 Or and Vert.




Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Aigues-Vives[3]

Mayors from 1929
From To Name Party Position
1929 1944 Maurice Gleizes
1944 1946 Emile Bonnafous
1946 1959 Paul Caveriviere
1959 1965 Georges Marc
1965 1977 Jean-Pascal Andure
1977 1981 Jean-Paul Combes
1981 1989 Gabriel Chevalier PS
1989 2001 Jean-Pascal Andure FN
2001 2020 Jean-Louis Cassignol UMP

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010, the commune had 519 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
143 191 181 330 337 314 304 254 318
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
334 344 383 367 411 452 447 468 482
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
523 522 533 540 576 667 579 515 504
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
512 518 514 480 464 481 484 519 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aigues-Vives

Economy[edit]

Viticulture: Minervois AOC, Coteaux de peyriac,[4] and Languedoc AOC. Its territory is planted with olive trees, apple trees, and rice.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Tile factory (1835)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • The Cooperative Wine Cellar (1937)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • The Wine distillery (1889)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • Land with archaeological remains at Pataran cemeteryLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • The War memorial at Route de Badens (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[9]
Other sites of interest
  • The Étang de Marseillette (Marseillette Pond) is adjacent to the village of Aigues-Vives but dried up in the 19th century. This depression of about 2000 hectares is irrigated by the Aude. The land is covered with crops mainly vineyards and apple orchards. The area of the dried-up pond of Marseillette is next to the Aigues-Vives houses.
  • A stately tower of the 13th century next to the church.
  • The natural bridge of Saint-Jean.

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has one religious building that is registered as an historical monument:

  • The Church of Saint Alexandre (1530) has a towerLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg that is a registered historical monument,[10] a Gothic chevet and a tower adjoining the church (which serves as a bell tower and whose bell dates to 1562). The Church contains one item that is registered as an historical object:
  • A Discoidal Steles can be seen under the Porch of the church.
  • The Cemetery contains 2 Funerary Steles (Middle Ages)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[12]

Local life[edit]

In 1902, thanks to the Mayor, Eugene Ressier, Aigues-Vives became an electrified village. The STMF (Société Méridionale de Transport de Force), which was founded in 1900 by Joachim Estrade, installed electricity in the village.

Celebration and Culture[edit]

Each year on the second Saturday in October, the "Cavinades" festival is held where winemakers offer tastings of their wine - white, rosé or red from the wine country Coteaux de Peyriac and Minervois.

On the following day each year there is also a celebration for apples, wine and rice.

Notable People linked to the commune[edit]

  • Pierre Bayle, a potter/ceramist, born in Aigues-Vives on 3 June 1945, died on 18 March 2004 in Béziers.
  • Lucien Trougnoux called Louis, born on 25 August 1901 in Louans (Indre-et-Loire),[13] died in June 1945 at the sanatorium in Goisern (Austria) was a French Resistance fighter. He refused the surrender of France in 1940 and the system of the French State of Petain-Laval. He was active in the French resistance. He was a member of a group affiliated with the OSS (Office of Strategic Services of the USA). In Carcassonne he ran the departmental office supplying straw and fodder which served as a cover. He was the central mailbox of the "Fred Tommy Brown" network and he kept the radio transmitter in his office in Carcassonne, then later at Aigues-Vives post office which was run by his wife. On Thursday, 17 November 1943, Lucien Trougnoux was arrested by the Gestapo and the French milice in his home in the Aigues-Vives Post Office (which still stands in 2007). He was imprisoned in the Baumettes Prison in Marseille until early March 1944. He was then deported to Mauthausen. Liberated in May 1945, Lucien Trougnoux died of sickness on 31 May 1945 at the sanatorium of the 1st Army of Colmar in Goisern (Austria).[14]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Devic & Dom Vaissete, General History of Languedoc, Toulouse (Privat) 1872-1885. (French)
  • Mahul, Cartulary and Archives of the former Diocese and the Arrondissement of Carcassonne, Paris (Didron-Dumoulin) 1857-1885. (French)
  • Sabarthes, Topographical Dictionary of Aude, Paris (Imprimerie Nationale) 1912. (French)
  • Baichère, Historical Notes and observations on the Church, rural chapels, and old taxes, Academy of Arts and Sciences of Carcassonne in 1909. (French)
  • Auzias & Rancoule, Various notes, Gallo-Roman Archaeology, Aigues-Vives, Society of Scientific Studies of Aude in Carcassonne 1978. (French)
  • Marie-Elise Gardel, Frédéric Loppe and Corinne Sanchez, Aigues-Vives (Aude), a village in the Minervois: historical and archaeological study, Lay Association of Carcassonne History of Aigues-Vives (Aude), 2008, ISBN 978-2-9502965-1-1. (French)
  • Abbot Utheza, Monograph of Aigues-Vives (Aude). (French)
  • Christophe Monié, A History of the drying up of the Marseillette pond the period Camman 1900-1942, Aigues-Vives November 2012. (French)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc.. , as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Aude (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France
  4. ^ Wine Appellation (AOC). See "Coteaux de peyriac" in the French Wikipedia
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00128150 Tile factory (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée EA30000014 Cooperative Wine Cellar (French)Camera aabb.svg
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00128149 Wine distillery (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00102943 Land with archaeological remains (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM11000131 War memorial at Route de Badens (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00102507 Church of Saint Alexandre (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11000589 Chalice with Paten (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11000588 2 Funerary steles (French)
  13. ^ Deported Resistance born in Indre-et-Loire
  14. ^ Official Journal of France on French deportees, 2001 (French)