Aizpute

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Aizpute
Town
St. John Lutheran church in Aizpute built in 1253
St. John Lutheran church in Aizpute built in 1253
Coat of arms of Aizpute
Coat of arms
Aizpute is located in Latvia
Aizpute
Aizpute
Location in Latvia
Coordinates: 56°43′N 21°36′E / 56.717°N 21.600°E / 56.717; 21.600Coordinates: 56°43′N 21°36′E / 56.717°N 21.600°E / 56.717; 21.600
Country  Latvia
District Aizpute municipality
Town rights 1378
Government
 • Mayor Juris Grasmanis
Area
 • Total 6.9 km2 (2.7 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 5 104
 • Density 742/km2 (1,920/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code LV-3456
Calling code +371 634
Number of city council members 11

Aizpute (German: Hasenpoth) is a town in western Latvia's Aizpute municipality in the valley of Tebra River, 50 km (31 mi) northeast of Liepāja.

History[edit]

The territory of modern Aizpute was inhabited by ancient Curonians since the 9th century. St. John Lutheran church has been built on the curonian hillfort. In the 13th century during the Livonian crusade, the territory of Aizpute was conquered by German crusaders. Already in 1248 the master of the Livonian Order Dietrich von Grüningen ordered the building of a stone castle in Aizpute. The castle and the whole settlement became known as Hasenpoth. After the partition of Courland in 1253 Aizpute became part of the Bishopric of Courland. In 1260 Aizpute church is built. Bishop of Courland Otto granted Magdeburg rights to Aizpute in 1378.

In the second half of the 16th century Aizpute experienced rapid development because Tebra river was used as main trade route for merchants of Aizpute who shipped their cargo down to the sea. After the Polish-Swedish war all trade and shipping infrastructure was destroyed and Aizpute started to experience decline. During 1611-1795 it was under the power of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth as a capital of the semi-autonomous Powiat Piltynski (District of Piltene).

In 1795 Aizpute and whole of Courland was incorporated into Russian Empire and became part of Courland Governorate. During Russian revolution of 1905 Aizpute was one of the places where local revolutionists showed armed resistance to Cossack punitive units. It led to the so-called Aizpute War.

During Republic of Latvia Aizpute became centre of a district but in the Soviet period it lost its position and became part of Liepāja district. Since 2009 Aizpute is a centre of Aizpute municipality.

Its current name is the Lettization of the German one and is officially in use since 1917.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Aizpute is twinned with:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]