Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari

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Alauddin Ali Ahmad Sabir
Sabirpakkaliyarroorkee.jpg
Dargah of Sabir in Kalyar, Roorkee, India
Religion Islam
Other name(s)
Makhdoom-ul-Alam, Sabir Piya
Personal
Born 569 AH/1196 AD
Herat, Afghanistan
Died 690 AH/1291 AD
Kaliyar, Roorkee, India
Senior posting
Based in Kalyar, Roorkee, India
Title صابر پیا Sabir Piya
Predecessor Baba Fareed
Successor Shamsuddin Turk Panipati, Hyder Shah
Religious career
Post Sufism

Hazrat Alauddin Ali Ahmed, also known as صابر کلیری Sabir Kaliyari ("Patient Saint of Kaliyar"), is a prominent South Asian Sufi saint in the 13th century, nephew and Khalifa (successor) to Baba Fareed (1188–1280),[1] and the first in the Sabiriya branch of the Chishti Order.

Today, his dargah (Sufi mausoleum) at Kaliyar village, near Haridwar, is one of the most revered shrines for Muslims in India, after Ajmer Sharif at Ajmer, Rajasthan, and is equally revered by Hindus and Muslims in South Asia.[2]

Biography[edit]

Hazrat Syed Alauddin Ali Ahmed Sabir Kaliyari was born in Herat, a town in the district of ( Afghanisthan) on the 17th Shahbanon 19, 512 Hijri (1196).[2] His father was Syed Abdul Rahim, a descendent of Hazrat Gaus E Azam Dastagir. His mother was Jamila Khatun, the elder sister of Baba Fareed.

He is known as Alauddin Ali Ahmed Sabir Kalyari. The names Ali and Ahmed were revealed to his mother in dreams.[2] His father gave him the name Alauddin. Sabir was the title given by Baba Fareed Ganj E Sakar. Since his tomb is in Kalyar Sharif he is also known as Kalyari.

His father died when Alauddin was still very young and in 1204, his mother brought him to Pakpattan to her brother Baba Fareed Ganj E Sakar.[3] Baba Fareed put him in charge of the langar (a shared kitchen). After a long time, Alauddin's mother came to see him and found him very weak. She was angry at her brother and demanded an explanation. Baba Fareed explained that he had been set in charge of the kitchen and hence should have had no shortage of food. When Alauddin was asked, he replied, "True, I was put in charge of the kitchen, but I was never told I could eat from it." When asked how he managed to remain alive, he revealed that he went to the jungle during his free time and ate whatever he found there. He was then given the name Sabir (Patient One).

He achieved the position of Kaliyar Sharif in AD 1253, after being anointed as the protector of Kaliyar village by Baba Fareed.[4] He stayed at Kaliyar for the rest of his life and died here on 13 Rabi' al-awwal, 690 Hijri (1291). He had only one disciple, and a branch of the Chisti order, called Chisti Sabiri, was initiated through that disciple.

Education and marriage legend[edit]

Sabir was recognized for his brilliance. His primary teacher was his uncle Baba Fareed.[3] He focused on spiritual education and was frequently in zikr and silent.

It is said[by whom?] that after Hz Sabir Pak had reached the age of marriage, his mother asked her brother Baba Fareed to give his daughter in nikah (marriage) to Sabir. Baba Fareed, knowing the condition of his disciple Sabir, told his sister that Sabir's marriage would not be possible until Sabir himself wanted to marry. However, after frequent urging from Sabir's mother, he relented and agreed to give his daughter to Sabir. On their wedding night when Sabir went to his bedroom, he saw the woman sitting on his right side, but he was unaware of her due to his intense meditation. After remaining seated in the same position for the whole night, she finally requested him to look at her. Sabir replied, "Who are you?" to which she answered, "I am your wife." Sabir looked at her and his wife burst into flames and was consumed. His Life at Kaliyar Sharief : (Reference by Jamal Ahmed 14.10.2012) When Sabir Pak first reached near Kaliyar, He stayed at the house of a Muslim by the name Gulzari. On one of the Friday Prayers when he entered the mosque and came in the first row, The rich and wealthy ridiculed him and asked asked him to go at the back as the front row was reserved for the Privileged class which is totally against the spirit of Islam. When the Prayers started Sabir Pak commanded to the mosque that when every one is bowing why don't you (the mosque) bow down in Sazda and hence the Mosque Collapsed and all the people died. When Gulzari heard of this she came running as even her son was also among the buried, He ordered her to pull her son out of the dead bodies and when she did this he was alive. Such was the Karamat of the Hz Sabir PAK .Once during his meditation he kept standing for 12 Long Years holding a branch of the Gular Tree

Death[edit]

When Sufi saints teach their disciples the concepts of fana (annihilation) and ba'qa (eternal union with God), the story of the death of Hz Sabir Pak is often used as an example.

Legend has it that, before his death, Sabir commanded his disciples[contradiction] that no one should touch his body after he died, nor should anyone give him a burial bath or bury him. Instead, his disciples were to wait until a man in white clothes and riding a horse should come, who would bathe his body. If they violated this command, they would die.

On his funeral day, his disciples discussed who it might be that would give him his burial bath. After an hour, the people of his congregation who had been appointed for his funeral heard the sound of horse coming and saw a man in white clothing riding the horse. The horseman came down and took the dead body of Sabir, took some water, and gave Sabir the burial bath. After preparing and reciting a burial prayer, the man buried the body and prepared to leave. At that moment, one of Sabir's disciples stopped him and asked, "Who are you, O lucky person, who gave bath to our master? Please show us your face." After multiple such questions, the horseman finally removed his veil, and the congregation saw that the man was none other than Sabir himself. They asked, "What is this?" Then Sabir replied and taught them the meaning of fana and ba'qa—that his body had to return to the soil again and perish (fana) but that what they now saw was the never-perishing spirit, which God had given him from heaven. Having explained this, he disappeared.[5]

Successors[edit]

His successors through Khawaja Shams-ud-Din Turk Mushkil-Kusha Panipati, include:

Shaikh-ul-Mashaikh Shaikh Jalaluddin Pir Kabir-ul-Aulia Panipati,

Makhdoom Sahib Sahib-e-Tosha Shaikh Ahmad Abdul-Haqq Radolvi,
his son Shaikh Arif Ahmad,
his son Shaikh Muhammad bin Arif and
Shah Abdul Qudoos Gangohi (Shaikh Arif Ahmad's son-in-law). (Rose, Ibbetson & Maclagan, 1990, p. 527)[6]

Further disciples down the chain include Khawaja Qmar-ud-Din,[which?] Syed Ahmed Shah,[which?] and Abu Anees

The successors and followers of Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari are called "Chishti Sabri".

Further disciples down the chain includes : Hazrat Sarkar Pak Khwaja Mohammad Dewan Chisti Sabri[RA].His Rawza Mubarrak is in Thaliar,Dasua,India.One of His disciple is Hazrat Baba Mostan Omar Uddin Shah Chisti Sabri[RA].He was born in Shamchurasi,Hoshiarpur,India.His Rowza-e-Anwar is in Momtazabad,Multan,Pakistan.He spent most of his time in East Pakistan[now Bangladesh].He was succeeded by his eldest son Hazrat Shah Sufi Hafez Mohammad Serajul Haq Shami Chisti Sabri[RA].His Rowza-e-Anwar is in Momtazabad,Multan,Pakistan by the side of His father.The present Gaddi Nashin is His eldest son Hazrat Al-Haj Baba Abdul Hamid Shah Chisti Sabri who resides in Momtazabad,Multan,Pakistan.Most of his followers are in Bangladesh.Hazrat Baba Mostan[RA]is commonly known in Multan as BANGALI PIR as he spent most of his time in East Pakistan[now Bangladesh].

Dargah and urs celebration[edit]

The dargah of Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari is Piran Kaliyar Sharif, seven kilometres from Roorkee, in Haridwar district, besides the Ganges canal. The tomb was built by Ibrahim Lodhi, a ruler of Delhi.[7]

A 15-day urs celebration is held each year at the shrine, in the month of Rabi' al-awwal (March–April), and the dargah has become a symbol of national integration, as people throng to it in large numbers, regardless of their religion, caste, or creed. After the moon appears in the month of Rabi' al-awwal, the head priest goes to Sabir's old house in the village, where he reads the Khatam Sharif and then walks out with a plate on his head. The plate contains mehndi and dori.[clarification needed] Next, he visits the dargah and reads the Fatiha. After this the dori is distributed to everyone in attendance. A mushaira and Qawwali take place at the dargah, and the mood is festive.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sheikh Farid, by Dr. Harbhajan Singh. Hindi Pocket Books, 2002. ISBN 81-216-0255-6. Page 11.
  2. ^ a b c "Hazrat Alauddin Ali Ahmed Sabir Kaliyari". Piran Haridwar. Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Sabir Kaliyari: A Truly Unique Saint"
  4. ^ Dargah of the World
  5. ^ http://sabri.us/Haqiqat%20Gulzar%20Sabri.pdf Complete Life History Download of Syed Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari Rahmatullahi alaih (written by : Makhdum Shah Muhammad Hasan Sabri)
  6. ^ A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province., 1990. ISBN 978-81-206-0505-3
  7. ^ Piran Haridwar Official website
  8. ^ https://www.facebook.com/SabirPia

Further reading[edit]

  • E-book: Tadhkira Anwar-i-Sabiri – An account of Sabir's Enlightenment by Dar-ul-Ehsan Publications and Sabir'ul Baqa Networks
  • Mashaikh-e-Chist, by Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya, Translated by Mujlisul Ulama of South Africa, 1998
  • Islam in India, by Vidyajyoti Institute of Religious Studies Islamic Section. Vikas Pub. House, 1985. ISBN 0-7069-2751-6. page 61.
  • Encyclopaedia of Sufism, Ed. Masood Ali Khan & S. Ram. New Delhi, Anmol, 2003, Vol 1–12. ISBN 81-261-1311-1. (Vol 5.)
  • Rose, H.A., Ibbetson, D., Maclagan, E.D.A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province. Vol. 3, L.-Z with Appendices A.-L, Asian Educational Services, 1990. ISBN 978-81-206-0505-3