|— City —|
|Pickens County and the state of Alabama|
|• Total||4.5 sq mi (11.6 km2)|
|• Land||4.5 sq mi (11.6 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||194 ft (59 m)|
|• Density||570.4/sq mi (221.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0112988|
In World War II, a Prisoner-of-war camp was set up in Aliceville to hold 6,000 German prisoners, most from the Afrika Korps, although the population of the camp rarely exceeded 3,500. The camp operated between June 2, 1943 and September 1945. Prisoners were brought to the camp via the St. Louis – San Francisco Railway.
 2000 Census data
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,567 people, 978 households, and 646 families residing in the city. The population density was 570.9 people per square mile (220.2/km²). There were 1,092 housing units at an average density of 242.9 per square mile (93.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 32.29% White, 66.54% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.31% Asian, and 0.74% from two or more races. 0.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 978 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.2% were married couples living together, 28.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 75.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 64.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $17,092, and the median income for a family was $23,233. Males had a median income of $25,114 versus $15,952 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,028. About 38.7% of families and 44.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 64.6% of those under age 18 and 29.9% of those age 65 or over.
 Aliceville Federal Prison
Aliceville is home to a new Federal prison. Construction on the $250 million, 1,500-bed medium-security women’s prison began in 2008 and is expected to be completed by year end 2012 according to Correctional News' Nov 23rd, 2012 article. The facility also includes a 256-bed minimum-security work camp.
 Notable residents
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alabama". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Archived from the original on 1 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-14.
- Cronenberg, Allen (2003). Forth to the Mighty Conflict: Alabama and World War II. University of Alabama Press. pp. 95–103. ISBN 0817307370.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "New Alabama Federal Prison Nears Completion". Correctional News.