Allassac

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Allassac
Allassac vue générale 3.JPG
Coat of arms of Allassac
Coat of arms
Allassac is located in France
Allassac
Allassac
Coordinates: 45°15′33″N 1°28′35″E / 45.2592°N 1.4764°E / 45.2592; 1.4764Coordinates: 45°15′33″N 1°28′35″E / 45.2592°N 1.4764°E / 45.2592; 1.4764
Country France
Region Limousin
Department Corrèze
Arrondissement Brive-la-Gaillarde
Canton Donzenac
Intercommunality Brive
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jean-Louis Lascaux
Area
 • Land1 39.01 km2 (15.06 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 3,796
 • Population2 density 97/km2 (250/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 19005 / 19240
Elevation 103–387 m (338–1,270 ft)
(avg. 170 m or 560 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Allassac (Alassac in Occitan) is a French commune in the Corrèze department in the Limousin region of central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Allassacois or Allassacoises[1]

Geography[edit]

The dam and the old mill on the Vézère at Garavet

Located in the Brive Basin, the commune of Allassac is irrigated by three major rivers in the north-south direction: the Vézère and its tributaries the Loyre and the Clan which is a sub-tributary of the Corrèze.

Allassac, like many surrounding communes, is part of Vézère Ardoise Country and benefits from the label French Towns and Lands of Art and History.

The town of Allassac is located at the intersection of departmental roads D9, D25, D34 and D134. It is also traversed by the Orléans–Montauban railway line with a station at Allassac. It is located, in orthodromic distances, 6 kilometres east of Objat and 12 kilometres north-west of Brive-la-Gaillarde.

The commune is also served by departmental roads D57, D148, and D901.

Four kilometres to the south-east, the A20 autoroute allows direct access to Allassac through Exit 48.

Hamlets[2][edit]

Apart from the town the commune has the following hamlets:

  • La Bessiere
  • Les Borderies
  • Brochat
  • La Chapelle
  • La Chatroulle
  • Le Colombier
  • La Croix Saint-Joseph
  • L'Escurotte
  • Eyzac
  • La Faurie
  • Garavet
  • Gauche
  • Laujour
  • Montaural
  • La Pialeporchie
  • Les Placeaux
  • La Plaine de Garavet
  • Le Pont Salomon
  • Le Pos Delpy
  • Le Puy
  • Les Rebieres Blanche
  • La Roche
  • Le Saillant d'Allassac
  • Le Saillant Vieux
  • Verdier
  • Verdier-Bas
  • Verdier-Haut
Le Saillent

In Latin aqua saliens meaning "leaping water. The name evokes the rapids and a cascade into a deep gorge. It was called ad illo Salente in 904.

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Place Allègre

Toponymy[edit]

Allassac is derived from the Gallo-Roman word Alaciacus (the estate of Alacius). The first mention in the form Allassac was in the will of Aredius (Saint Yrieix). He called it Alaciaco in 947.

The village is identified as Alassac in the Grand Atlas of the kingdom of France established by Johannes Blaeu in the 17th century then in the Cassini map which represented France between 1756 and 1789. It was then Allassat until the beginning of the French Revolution before the final appearance of the current name in 1801.

History[edit]

The site of La Roche was inhabited as early as the Mesolithic period as evidenced by the Racloirs and Stone tools found in the area.

When it was occupied by the Romans Allassac already had several slate quarries that allowed rapid development of the town.

In 572 Saint Yrieix and his mother donated a farm and forges to Allassac which was part of Yssandon Country. In the Carolingian period there was already a fortified complex with a church and a house belonging to the abbots of Limoges as well as a stately home.

In 864 the relics of the Holy Innocents were transported to Allassac to protect them from Norman invaders.

In the Middle Ages Allassac became a lordship of the Abbey of Saint-Martial of Limoges. This was a co-lordship belonging among others to the Roffignac family who were called the "first Christians of Limousin".

In the 14th century the town had a second enclosure with 17 towers, 8 gates, and 6 castles. The Bishopric fought to protect its territory.

In the 16th and 17th centuries Allassac expanded due to the activities in the slate quarries and food curing despite several sieges. In 1569, Henry d'Anjou spent a few days in the commune with his armies. In 1580 Allassac was the fourth largest city in Lower Limousin (today's Corrèze current). The number of fortified noble houses was increasing.

In 1790, Allassac was briefly the capital of the canton before giving way to Donzenac in 1801.

In 1870 the population was 4,200 inhabitants and for over a century slate mining remained an important industry. The farmers were also slate miners but phylloxera ended this dual economy. The farmers then turned to fruit and tobacco cultivation while developing slate quarries with the new opportunity to ship to Paris by train.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aillassac
Arms adopted in 1981 by the City Council representing: on the left, the family crest of Lasteyrie of Saillant and on the right the family of Roffignac .

Blazon:
Party per pale first party per fesse: 1 sable with an eagle of Or displayed, 2 argent charged with a Label of 3 points in gules; second of Or with a lion in gules.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

Mayors from 1941
From To Name Party Position
1941 1944 Louis Boucharel
1944 1944 Joseph Roncajoli President of local liberation committee
1944 1953 Ferdinand Marcou
1953 1977 Ernest Bounaix
1977 1981 Jean Alliot[4] PS Printer
1981 1983 Fernande Geneste Retired
1983 1995 Michel Sancier Carrier
1995 2014 Gilbert Fronty PS Schoolteacher, General Council member
2014 2020 Jean-Louis Lascaux

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 3,796 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
3,159 3,353 3,115 3,670 4,049 4,029 4,209 4,222 4,126
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
4,070 3,853 4,047 4,082 4,150 4,046 4,165 4,551 4,210
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
4,417 4,577 4,396 4,010 4,097 3,806 3,718 3,638 3,637
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
3,619 3,448 3,474 3,532 3,379 3,366 3,601 3,796 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Allassac

Economy[edit]

Fruit-growing is well-developed in the commune, especially the Limousin apple (AOP), the peach, the plum, and the kiwifruit.

A vineyard called Coteaux du Saillant - Vézère has been replanted on five hectares on schistose soil. Allassac was famous for its vineyards until the end of the 19th century through the Saillant wine cellar. The most common varietals are Chenin, Sauvignon gris, chardonnay, merlot, and cabernet franc.

The breeding of Limousin breed calves raised by their mothers is also a common activity.

Cinema[edit]

In 1962 a scene for the film Le Chevalier de Pardaillan by Bernard Borderie was filmed at Pont du Saillant.

Sports[edit]

Volleyball: 3 teams are registered in the Union française des œuvres laïques d'éducation physique (UFOLEP) (mixed)

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Ecole des Tours Manor (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5] houses a collection of 600 Roman and medieval weapons and armour as well as a forge for making weapons called "la Bombard" which was the last edge tool making activity in France
  • The Tour de César (Caesar's Tower) (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6] with a height of 30 metres is all that is left of the ancient fortifications. It is made of slate and gneiss. The battlements were added in the 15th century. This is one of the few round towers from the Middle Ages in Limousin.
  • The old Saillant Bridge over the Vézère (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7] [8]
Other sites of interest
  • The Chateau of Lasteyrie is a noble house from the 19th century at Saillant
  • Le Saillant, a village traversed by the Vézère and shared between the communes of Allassac (The Saillant of Allassac left bank) and Voutezac (right bank).
  • The Gorges and waterfalls of the Clan near the Three Villages
  • The La Roche Site where Mesolithic rocks outcrop. It has an orientation table and offers a wide panorama of the Cirque du Saillant.
  • At Garavet there is swimming and fishing in the Vézère

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Church of the Decapitation of Saint John the Baptist (12th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is regsitered as an historical monument.[9] The tower was fortified in the 14th century during the Hundred Years War. It has remarkable baroque furniture consisting of three altars and a pulpit. These were built by the Duhamel brothers around the year 1680. The central altarpiece (1679) is dedicated to the "sacred Heart of Jesus". That it depicts on one side Christ's Sacred Heart makes it exceptional as that devotion was activated only four years before the creation of the altar after the appearance of Christ to Margaret Mary Alacoque in Paray-le-Monial in 1675. The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
  • The Chapel of Saint-Férréol is from the 17th or 18th century and is partly in the cemetery in the village of La Chartroulle. The chapel contains two items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Statue: Saint Ferréol (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
    • A Group Sculpture: Virgin of Pity (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
  • The Chapel of Saint-Laurent from the 13th and 18th centuries in the village of Saint-Laurent has a gate opening directly onto the cemetery. The chapel contains three items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Statue: Saint Laurent (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
    • A Statue: Crowned Virgin and child (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
    • A Statue on base: Saint Laurent (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
  • The Chapel of Saint-Nicolas of Tolentine was built in 1894 in the village of Brochat. It contains three items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Statue: Saint Nicolas of Tolentino (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
    • A Statuette: Virgin and child (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26]
    • A Group Sculpture: Virgin of Pity (1554)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[27]
  • The Chapel of Saint-Roch from the 16th and 19th centuries in the village of Gauch contains two items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Group Sculpture: Saint Roch speaks to the rich (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[28]
    • A Group Sculpture: Saint Roch speaks to the poor (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[29]
  • The Chapel of Saint-Marguerite was built in red sandstone from the 13th to the 18th century at the village of La Chapelle. It contains a Statue on base: Crowned Virgin and child (17th century) which is registered as an historical object.Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[30]

Picture Gallery[edit]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Raynaud de La Porte, Cardinal Bishop of Ostia (+1325)
  • Aymard de Foucauld, (1824-1863), an officer of the French Army
  • Élie Dufaure, (1824-1865), Doctor of Laws, Lawyer at the Imperial Court of Paris.
  • The Lasteyrie du Saillant family:
    • Charles Philibert de Lasteyrie
    • Ferdinand Charles Leon Lasteyrie
    • Robert Charles de Lasteyrie
    • Charles de Lasteyrie
  • Georges Mamy, (1921-1997), journalist and writer, was born in Allassac.
  • Jean-Louis Lascaux, Knight of the National Order of Merit, director of the Centre médico-psycho-pédagogique (CMPP) of Tulle and the director of the same at Brive unifying the fifteen towns of the Country of Art and History into Vézère Ardoise
  • Aurélien Beco, born in 1986, rugby player originally from Allassac
  • Bertrand de Chanac

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jean-Louis Lascaux, Allassac in Bas-Limousin a country... a history, Allassac, 2006 (ISBN 9782952591904)
  • Chanoine Blaise-Adolphe Marche, The past glory of Allassac and its five annexes, Brive, 1909 ; Paris, 2004

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Corrèze (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France
  4. ^ a b resigned
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00125504 Ecole des Tours Manor (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00099648 Tour de César (French)Camera aabb.svg
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00099647 Saillant Bridge over the Vézère (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00099961 Saillant Bridge over the Vézère (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00099646 Church of the Decapitation of Saint John the Baptist (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000803 Altar, Retable, and 3 Statues (French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000802 Eagle Lectern (French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000003 Main Altar (French)Camera aabb.svg
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000657 Retable (French)Camera aabb.svg
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000659 Painting: Christ on the Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000656 Tabernacle and Exposition (French)Camera aabb.svg
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000655 Altar and seating (French)Camera aabb.svg
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000658 2 Statues: Saint John the Baptist and Saint Joseph (French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000520 Group Sculpture: Virgin of Pity (French)Camera aabb.svg
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000519 Pulpit (French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000794 Statue: Saint Ferréol (French)Camera aabb.svg
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000793 Group Sculpture: Virgin of Pity (French)Camera aabb.svg
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19001295 Statue: Saint Laurent (French)Camera aabb.svg
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000801 Statue: Crowned Virgin and child (French)Camera aabb.svg
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000800 Statue on base: Saint Laurent (French)Camera aabb.svg
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000797 Statue: Saint Nicolas of Tolentino (French)Camera aabb.svg
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000005 Statuette: Virgin and child (French)Camera aabb.svg
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000004 Group Sculpture: Virgin of Pity (French)Camera aabb.svg
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000799 Group Sculpture: Saint Roch speaks to the rich (French)Camera aabb.svg
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000798 Group Sculpture: Saint Roch speaks to the poor (French)Camera aabb.svg
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM19000792 Statue on base: Crowned Virgin and child (French)Camera aabb.svg