Canton (country subdivision)

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For other uses, see Canton (disambiguation).

A canton is a type of administrative division of a country. In general, cantons are relatively small in terms of area and population when compared to other administrative divisions such as counties, departments or provinces. Internationally the best-known cantons, and the most politically important, are those of Switzerland. As the constituents of the Swiss Confederation, theoretically (and historically) the Swiss cantons are semi-sovereign states.

The term is derived from the French word canton meaning corner or district (from which "Cantonment" is also derived).[1]

In specific countries[edit]

Cantons exist (or existed) in the following countries:

In former countries[edit]


  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary cantonment and canton, v.