||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (February 2009)|
|• Mayor||Bernd Müller|
|• Total||3.35 km2 (1.29 sq mi)|
|Elevation||403 m (1,322 ft)|
|• Density||570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Altenriet was originally named "Riet" in the 11th century after name of the local noble family. In the 13th century the Lord of Riet founded a castle near the site of what is today the Protestant churchyard. In the 15th century, Burg Neuenriet (New Riet Castle) was constructed outside of the village, and Burg Altenriet (Old Riet Castle), which became the village's namesake, was demolished.
When the township system was established, the village became part of the Township of Tübingen. It was transferred to the Township of Nürtingen in 1842, and became part of the District of Nürtingen when the township system was abolished by the Nazis. Finally, the village was transferred to the district of Esslingen in 1973.
Altenriet has been Protestant since the Reformation, and today the only parish in the city is Protestant. There are around 1,100 Protestants in the village, who attend services at Saint Ulrich's Church. Roman Catholics in the village are served by the parish in Neckartenzlingen.
- 1600: ca. 200
- 1654: ca. 92
- 1802: 376
- 1834: 436
- 1861: 404
- 1900: 420
- 1939: 427
- 1946: 618
- 2005: 1855
Economy and Infrastructure
In the 19th and 20th centuries, the most important parts of the economy were a sandstone quarry and a thread mill. The sandstone quarry was closed in 1936. Today there are only a few small businesses in Altenriet such as a furniture store.
Altenriet is served by intercity busline 75 (Degerloch-Bernhausen-Aich-Walddorf), busline 188 (Nürtingen-Altdorf-Neckartenzlingen-Schlaitdorf), and busline 189 (Neckartenzlingen-Neckartailfingen-Schlaitdorf). There 4 stops further afield of the village. The B 27 Highway, connecting Tübingen to Stuttgart, runs about 4 km away from the village through Walddorfhäslach and connects the village to Stuttgart Airport and Autobahn 8, about 20 minutes away.
Altenriet has two kindergartens and one primary school. Students beyond primary school attend further education in one of the schools in Neckartenzlingen. Since 2003 there has also been a private alternative school, the "Freie Schule für lebendiges Lernen." (Free School for Spirited Study) This school complies with the educational standards of Baden-Württemberg using the Montessori method.
- [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013.
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.
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