Esslingen (district)

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Esslingen
District
Baden-Württemberg ES.svg
Country  Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Adm. region Stuttgart
Capital Esslingen am Neckar
Area
 • Total 641.57 km2 (247.71 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 508,577
 • Density 790/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration ES
Website http://www.landkreis-esslingen.de

Esslingen is a district (Landkreis) in the centre of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Rems-Murr, Göppingen, Reutlingen, Böblingen and the district-free city Stuttgart.

History[edit]

The district dates back to the Oberamt Esslingen, which was created when the previously free imperial city Esslingen became part of Württemberg in 1803. After several changes over the next century, it was converted into a district in 1938. Additionally, it was enlarged by adding several municipalities from the neighboring Amtsoberamt Stuttgart, Oberamt Schorndorf, Kirchheim unter Teck and Göppingen.

In 1973, the district was merged with the district Nürtingen (without Grafenberg). In 1975, two municipalities from the district Böblingen were added to give the district today's borders.

Geography[edit]

The district is cut into two halves by the river Neckar. The west part is part of the Filder plain, while the east is part of the mountains of the Swabian Alb (Schwäbische Alb).

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows the imperial eagle taken from the coat of arms of the city of Esslingen. The checkered diamonds in the bottom are the symbol of the Dukes of Teck, and the horn on the breast of the eagle is the symbol of the Counts of Urach. Both symbols were taken from the coat of arms of the district of Nürtingen, as the two families played a major role in the history of the area.

Cities and towns[edit]

Cities Administrative districts Towns
  1. Aichtal
  2. Esslingen am Neckar
  3. Filderstadt
  4. Kirchheim unter Teck
  5. Leinfelden-Echterdingen
  6. Neuffen
  7. Nürtingen
  8. Ostfildern
  9. Owen
  10. Plochingen
  11. Weilheim an der Teck
  12. Wendlingen
  13. Wernau
  1. Kirchheim
  2. Lenningen
  3. Neckartenzlingen
  4. Neuffen
  5. Nürtingen
  6. Plochingen
  7. Reichenbach (Fils)
  8. Weilheim (Teck)
  9. Wendlingen (Neckar)
  1. Aichwald
  2. Altbach
  3. Altdorf
  4. Altenriet
  5. Baltmannsweiler
  6. Bempflingen
  7. Beuren
  8. Bissingen an der Teck
  9. Deizisau
  10. Denkendorf
  11. Dettingen unter Teck
  12. Erkenbrechtsweiler
  13. Frickenhausen
  14. Großbettlingen
  15. Hochdorf
  16. Holzmaden
  1. Kohlberg
  2. Köngen
  3. Lenningen
  4. Lichtenwald
  5. Neckartailfingen
  6. Neckartenzlingen
  7. Neidlingen
  8. Neuhausen auf den Fildern
  9. Notzingen
  10. Oberboihingen
  11. Ohmden
  12. Reichenbach an der Fils
  13. Schlaitdorf
  14. Unterensingen
  15. Wolfschlugen

References[edit]

  1. ^ [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°41′N 9°19′E / 48.69°N 9.32°E / 48.69; 9.32