|Born||6 February 1984|
Alykhan Velshi (born 6 February 1984) is a lawyer, policy analyst, and ministerial assistant. He has worked at the predominantly neoconservative American Enterprise Institute and was manager of research at the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies, where he co-founded the Center for Law and Counterterrorism with Andrew C. McCarthy. He has written pieces in support of George W. Bush's foreign and military policies.
Velshi was born and raised in Toronto. He attended the Toronto French School, a private school in Lawrence Park. He holds a law degree from the London School of Economics and passed the New York bar exam in 2006. He is an Ismaili Muslim and is a distant relative of financial analyst Ali Velshi and former Liberal Member of Provincial Parliament Murad Velshi.
Foreign policy and the Middle East
Velshi has written extensively about foreign policy, particularly with regard to the Middle East. His position is pro-Israel and strongly supportive of George W. Bush's foreign policy. In a December 2002 letter to the National Post newspaper, he argued that Canada should ban the political wing of Hezbollah. While attending the LSE, he wrote an academic piece defending George W. Bush's argument for "preemptive" war in Iraq as being grounded in both historical precedent and "original texts on international law". Just before graduating, he wrote an article for the National Review entitled "Choosing Sides: The challenge for Muslims", in which he argued that moderate Muslims were often reluctant to counter what he described as "Islamist extremism". This article favourably quoted George W. Bush's remark, "You're either with us or you're with the terrorists". In January 2006, he criticized the Globe and Mail newspaper for referring to Israel's separation barrier as a "wall"; Velshi argued that it should be called a "fence."
Velshi wrote a column for The Hill in June 2006, encouraging the United States Senate to endorse regime change in Iran by passing the Iran Freedom Support Act. This bill authorized the President of the United States to provide $10 million in assistance to dissident organizations inside and outside Iran. Velshi attempted to address concerns that this aid would be directed toward militant organizations by arguing that the terms of the bill restricted aid to groups that "oppose the use of terrorism, support democratic values and human rights and display a willingness to commit Iran to the existing nuclear non-proliferation framework".
In the same year, Velshi wrote an article for the Somaliland Times entitled "Somalia's Collapse into Jihadism". He called for the United States to recognize the breakaway republic of Somaliland, arguing that this would demonstrate a commitment to the "Bush doctrine" and also be in America's strategic interests. He also opposed the Union of Islamic Courts in Somalia, and defended the government of Ethiopia for supporting what he described as the "democratically-elected transitional government based in Baidoa".
Security and terror suspects
In 2006, Andrew C. McCarthy and Velshi wrote a white paper entitled "We Need A National Security Court". This work argued that America's counter-terrorism strategies of the 1990s were insufficient for responding to what the authors described as the "international terrorist threat" after September 11, 2001. They called for the establishment of an American national security court, to be staffed by independent, life-tenured judges with responsibility for the full range of national security issues.
In September 2006, Velshi and Howard Anglin wrote an article for the National Review entitled "Who's Really Ignoring the Geneva Conventions?". This piece argued that the conventions "did not anticipate the threat posed by today's militant Islamists", and should not be applied to enemy combatants whom the authors identified as "the terrorists we fight today".
In August 2006, Velshi wrote a piece entitled "The United Nations' Failed Peacekeeping in Lebanon". This work asserted that the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon had failed to disarm Hezbollah, and argued that a "new international force [would] therefore have to be willing and able to engage offensive operations" against the Lebanese organization.
Later in the year, Velshi wrote an article entitled "Will the UN appoint another crook?". This work described Kofi Annan's legacy as United Nations Secretary General as one of "scandal and failure", asserting that the UN was implicated in an "elaborate child prostitution ring" in the Congo and referring to the UN's Oil-For-Food program in Iraq as "the biggest financial fraud of modern times". Velshi also described Annan's eventual successor Ban Ki-Moon, as unfit for the position, accusing him of bribery and of holding anti-American views. In the same article, Velshi accused United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice of "allowing bureaucratic subordinates in the State Department to dictate policy, refusing to draw bright lines in international negotiations with Iran, and distinguishing herself from her predecessor Colin Powell only by being less perfidious and perhaps more comely".
In late 2006, Velshi described the prosecution of Canadian-born newspaper baron Conrad Black as a "tragedy", and as representative of a legal system "focused less on securing justice than on bringing down the high and mighty while pandering to the politics of envy". He argued that the legal proceedings had ruined Black's financial status and reputation before any finding of guilt, and further asserted that the regulatory state created by Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal was ultimately responsible for this situation. In the same article, Velshi wrote that Black "hearkened back to the good old days of grand newspaper proprietors, family dynasties and concern for the value of the brand rather than vulgar things like day-to-day movements in share prices". Black was subsequently convicted of obstruction of justice and diverting company funds for his personal benefit, and was sentenced 78 months in an American prison.
Velshi described Canada's health care system as "old and decrepit" in a March 2006 letter to the Globe and Mail newspaper, sarcastically comparing Canada's system to existing models in Cuba and North Korea.
In 2011, Velshi left government service and founded a website to promote the ideas put forward by Ezra Levant in his book Ethical Oil: The Case for Canada's Oil Sands. He subsequently returned as the Director of Planning for the Prime Minister’s Office later in 2011. The website, EthicalOil.org, launched a campaign to compare Canada's 'Ethical Oil' against OPEC's 'Conflict Oil' and features controversial advertisements comparing conditions for women, gays and other minorities in OPEC countries to those in Canada. EthicalOil.org has staged counter-protests in response to opposition to the Keystone XL pipeline project.
39th Canadian parliament
Velshi was hired as senior special assistant to Jason Kenney, Canada's newly appointed Secretary of State for Multiculturalism and Canadian Identity, in early 2007. His official title was changed to "Director of Communications" later in the year.
Velshi supported flying of the Canadian Red Ensign at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial in 2007, describing the flag as "an enduring source of Canadian patriotism". Senator Roméo Dallaire criticized this decision, arguing that the Red Ensign did not deserve to be placed on equal footing with the Flag of Canada and the Flag of France. Velshi later defended the Conservative government decision's not to fly flags at half-mast for Canadian soldiers killed in combat, arguing that this gesture was not permitted under Canadian law.
Velshi was the official contact on a late 2007 government press release commemorating the Jewish celebration of Hannukah, wherein the festival was erroneously described as marking "the triumph of the Jewish people against tyranny more than two million years ago". He later said that the document went through several revisions before its release, and that the word "millennia" was accidentally changed to "million years" somewhere along the way.
Velshi moved to the department of Environment Minister John Baird in August 2008 as Director of Parliamentary Affairs, where he was responsible for "advising and briefing the minister on legislative issues [and] overseeing the legislative approval process". The Hill Times described this as an important position, in that Velshi had a role in formulating the government's response to Liberal Party Stéphane Dion's proposed Green Tax Shift.
40th Canadian parliament
In late 2008, Velshi articulated the Harper government's position that conscientious objectors from the United States military were not legitimate refugees in Canada. He also defended the government's introduction of limits on the refugee and immigration process on the grounds a few months later, on the grounds that failed refugee claimants and others were abusing the federal pre-removal risk assessment program (which is intended to ensure that people will not be deported from Canada to face torture).
March 2009 controversies
- Canadian Arab Federation
In early 2009, Jason Kenney became involved in a public controversy with Canadian Arab Federation (CAF) president Khaled Mouammar. At one stage, Mouammar responded to Kenney's support for Israel in the 2008-2009 Israel-Gaza conflict by describing the minister as a "professional whore who supports war". Kenney later accused CAF leaders of promoting anti-Semitism, and suggested that the organization's funding would be reviewed. Other CAF representatives described Mouammar's choice of language as unfortunate, but rejected the charge of anti-Semitism and expressed concern that the proposed cuts were vindictive in nature. In March, the CAF circulated a letter in which several organizations called for Prime Minister Stephen Harper to "restrain" Kenney and "put an end to his dangerous campaign of attacking [the] CAF with slandering and damaging accusations for which he has provided no evidence".
Velshi offered that the signatories to this letter represented only a "tiny" and "quite radicalized minority" of Arab-Canadian organizations. He added that Kenney's position toward the CAF was unchanged, and was quoted as saying, "Groups that promote hatred and anti-Semitism don't deserve a single red cent of taxpayer support. End of story." The National Post's coverage of this matter noted that the letter circulated by the CAF condemned "all forms of racism" and asserted that the CAF's criticism of Israeli military policies had been wrongly conflated with anti-Semitism.
On 18 March, Velshi on behalf of Minister Kenney announced that government funding to the CAF would not be renewed after the current contracts expire. CAF executive director Mohamed Boudjenane expressed surprise at this decision, indicating that these contracts allowed his organization to help settle and provide English lessons for recent immigrants.
In a subsequent email sent to Arab organizations, CAF President Khaled Mouammar argued that the CAF was the victim of a "well-planned Zionist campaign ... being waged by the Canadian Jewish Congress and B'nai Brith supported by some politicians" to intimidate Arab Canadians. He also stated that this campaign "was developed after the Lebanon war of July, 2006, to suppress all criticism of Israel and equate it with anti-Semitism." Velshi argued in response that Mouammar's naming of the Canadian Jewish Congress and B'nai Brith "[did] not just disdain Zionists, but the Jewish community as a whole." He also said of Mouammar's email, "It's the ugliest, most vile sort of language. It's not surprising to us that he is again engaged in this sort of reprehensible rhetoric trying to pit community against community."
Velshi also reported Kenney was considering re-examining all refugee cases heard by Mouammar during his tenure as a member of Canada's Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB), after reports surfaced that the acceptance rate in cases heard by Mouammar was disproportionately higher than the average rate. Velshi stated that "I think it's fair for Canadians to ask why Mouammar's acceptance rate was so much higher than the IRB average for the same countries, as well as whether he was letting people in who he shouldn't have."
- George Galloway
On 20 March 2009, a Canadian border official refused British MP George Galloway permission to enter Canada, likely based on the "preliminary decision of inadmissibility" made by the Canadian government. Velshi told the media that the Canadian government would not reverse this decision, stating that Galloway had expressed sympathy for the Taliban cause in Afghanistan and describing him as an "infandous street-corner Cromwell who actually brags about giving 'financial support' to Hamas, a terrorist organisation banned in Canada. The decision to ban Galloway was supported by the Canadian Jewish Congress, B'nai Brith Canada and the far-right Jewish Defence League of Canada, which took credit for initiating the action. It was subsequently noted that Velshi had begun preparing media lines regarding Galloway several days before the ban was announced.
Galloway described the decision to forbid him entry as "irrational, inexplicable and an affront to Canada's good name", adding that it "further vindicated the anti-war movement's contention that unjust wars abroad will end up consuming the very liberties that make us who we are". He threatened legal action against the Harper government, asserting that he was not a supporter of terrorism and was not barred from entering any other country, including Israel.
Velshi defended the Kenney's decision to the media, saying that the minister would not "provide special treatment to a man who brags about giving 'financial support' to Hamas, a banned terrorist organization in Canada, or who offers sympathy for Canada's enemies in Afghanistan [...]."
The National Post suggested that Galloway did support Hamas by citing a 2007 interview in which he described them as a national liberation movement rather than a terrorist organization. Galloway later stated, "I don't raise money for Hamas. That's just a false statement. I am not now, nor have I ever been, a supporter of Hamas."
New Democratic Party MP Olivia Chow accused the Harper government of censorship for refusing to allow Galloway to speak in Canada. Galloway was ultimately not able to enter Canada, but instead addressed his supporters by a video link.
On 27 September 2010, Federal Court judge Richard Mosley found that Kenney's office had acted inappropriately, using "a flawed and overreaching interpretation of the standards under Canadian law for labelling someone as engaging in terrorism or being a member of a terrorist organization." He also determined that the Canadian Border Services Agency had produced its assessment of Galloway on scant evidence after receiving instructions from Velshi. Noting that Velshi had told reporters the decision to bar Galloway was made on national security grounds, Mosley wrote, "one might hope that a ministerial aide would exercise greater restraint in purporting to speak on behalf of the government, his comments to the press amount to little more than posturing."  In October 2010, Galloway said he would sue the Canadian Government for breaching his privacy rights and branding him a terrorist.
- Abbas Rana, "Environment Minister Baird hires a new director of Parliamentary affairs", Hill Times, 28 July 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- At age 17, he led a "No Sweat" protest at his school that called on school uniform maker R.J. McCarthy Ltd. to identify the locations of its suppliers' plants. This was part of a global campaign to end sweatshop conditions in developing countries. See "Uniform supplier under pressure as teen works against foreign sweatshops", Canadian Press, 30 August 2001, 9:47pm; Dana Flavelle, "Teen works to crush sweatshops --- Uniform supplier target of leafletting campaign today", Toronto Star, 31 August 2001, F01.
- Velshi served on the executive of the LSE Hayek Society in 2003-04. See "About LSE Hayek Society", LSE Hayek Society. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Abbas Rana, "Environment Minister Baird hires a new director of Parliamentary affairs", Hill Times, 28 July 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2009. Velshi is described as an Ismaili Muslim in Alykhan Velshi, "Choosing Sides: The Challenge for Muslims", National Review Online, 13 July 2005, 8:11am, accessed 22 March 2009.
- Alykhan Velshi, "Hezbollah" [letter], National Post, 7 December 2002, A23.
- Alykhan Velshi, "The right of self-defence: the case for preemption in international law", LSE Hayek Society. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Alykhan Velshi, "Choosing Sides: The Challenge for Muslims", National Review Online, 13 July 2005, 8:11am. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Alykhan Velshi, "Israel's barrier" [letter], Globe and Mail, 4 January 2006, A14.
- Alykhan Velshi, "Supporting Iran's democratic future", The Hill, 14 June 2006, 22.
- Alykhan Velshi, "Somalia's Collapse into Jihadism", Somilaland Times, 6 September 2006, archived by the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Matthew Chayes, "New Charges Possible in Hezbollah TV Case", New York Sun, 23 January 2007.
- The original white paper may be downloaded at Andrew C. McCarthy, "We need a National Security Court, Foundation for Defense of Democracies, 15 July 2007. This document is cited in Michael B. Mukasey, "Jose Padilla Makes Bad Law", Wall Street Journal, 22 August 2007, A15.
- Alykhan Velshi and Howard Anglin, "Who's Really Ignoring the Geneva Conventions?", National Review Online, 7 September 2006. Retrieved 22 March 2009. Velshi and Anglin also collaborated on a later article for the National Review, entitled "Misjudging Charity", 14 December 2006, accessed 22 March 2009.
- Alykhan Velshi, "The United Nations' Failed Peacekeeping in Lebanon", Foundation for Defence of Democracies, 11 August 2006. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Alykhan Velshi, "Will the UN pick another crook?", New English Review, October 2006. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Alykhan Velshi, "The tragedy of Conrad Black: The trial by attrition of Black has exposed the dark underbelly of the legal system", National Post, 9 September 2006, A20. This piece was an abridged version of an essay first published in the New English Review. Velshi's essay was favourably cited in Ian Hunter, "Conrad Black is innocent", National Post, 13 January 2007, A20.
- Alykhan Velshi, "Healthy debate" [letter], Globe and Mail, 2 March 2006, A20.
- Clark, Campbell (14 November 2011). "Tory staffer who left Hill to plug ‘ethical' oil lands job in Harper's office - The Globe and Mail". The Globe and Mail (Toronto).
- Freeze, Colin (28 July 2011), Ex-Tory message maven tailors his spin to oil sands, Toronto: The Globe and Mail, retrieved 3 August 2011
- Goodman, Alana (1 September 2011), The "Ethical" Case for the Keystone Pipeline, Commentary Magazine, retrieved 2 September 2011
- The first government press release to list Velshi as a contact for Kenney is "Media Advisory - Canadian Heritage", Canada NewsWire, 20 March 2007, 11:41. A French-language version of the document was issued at the same time.
- the first government press release to describe Velshi by this title is "Statement - Canadian Heritage", Canada NewsWire, 6 July 2007, 02:36pm. A French version was again released at the same time.
- Ingrid Peritz, "Dallaire slams decision to fly Red Ensign", Globe and Mail, 9 July 2007, A5.
- Cheryl Cornacchia, "Lest We Forget. Jousting over the flag", Montreal Gazette, 30 January 2008, A1.
- Steve Arnold, "Minister's Hannukah greeting is one in two million", Hamilton Spectator, 5 December 2007, A12. The original document was issued as "Government of Canada - Statement", Canada NewsWire, 4 December 2007, 10:50.
- Velshi's responsibilities are mentioned in Lesley Taylor, "Czech minister blasted by Roma", Toronto Star, 19 November 2008, A6. See also "Avis aux médias - Le ministre Kenney rencontre des réfugiés Rohingya", Canada Newswire, 16 December 2008, 04:05, which lists Velshi as a media contact but does not identify him as holding a specific title.
- "U.S. war resister faces deportation Christmas Eve, support group says", Canadian Press, 17 December 2008, 12:52pm; "U.S. war resister faces deportation, group says", Globe and Mail, 18 December 2008, S2.
- Jim Bronskill, "Internal report slams deportation review process", Canadian Press, 18 March 2009, 5:23pm.
- Juliet O'Neill, "Interview: Jason Kenney: Immigration minister exchanges volleys with the Canadian Arab Federation", Canwest News Service, 13 March 2009. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Megan O'Toole, "Minister Dismisses Arab Letter; Not Representative", National Post, 10 March 2009, A4.
- Letter asks PM to muzzle minister by Megan O'Toole, National Post, 10 March 2009.
- Tanya Talaga, "Kenney has no regrets over cutting off Arab group", Toronto Star, 19 March 2009, A7; "Immigration Minister Kenney ending funding to Arab group", 19 March 2009, 2:13.
- CAF chief alleges 'Zionist campaign' by Kathryn Blaze Carlson, National Post, 9 March 2009.
- Ottawa urged to review immigration board cases by John Ivison, National Post, 7 March 2009.
- Alexander Panetta, "Jewish group proud of role in barring Galloway", Toronto Star, 25 March 2009. Retrieved 3 April 2009.
- "Quotes of the day", Press Association National Newswire, 20 March 2009, 9:45pm
- Craig Woodhouse, "'Security-risk' Galloway banned from Canada", The Independent, 21 March 2009, 22-23 [JDL support for ban]; Glen McGregor, "Barred brit MP fights back; 'In Court Soon'", National Post, 21 March 2009, A4 [B'nai Brith Canada support for ban]; Richard J. Brennan and Allan Woods, "Canada bans outspoken British MP; Anti-war politician says he is being blocked because Conservatives don't share his views", Toronto Star, 21 March 2009, A3 [CJC support for ban].
- Rob Gillies, "Canada bans outspoken British lawmaker", Associated Press, 20 March 2009, 11:37; "Quotes of the day", Press Association National Newswire, 20 March 2009, 9:45pm
- Glen McGregor, "British MP denied entry threatens to sue Harper government", Canwest News Service, 20 March 2009; "Canadian Immigration bans British MP", The Canadian Press - Broadcast Wire, 11:16;
- Barred British MP fights back by Glen McGregor, Canwest News Service (published in the National Post), Saturday, 21 March 2009.
- Campbell Clark, "British MP vows court action after being barred from Canada", Globe and Mail, 21 March 2009, A2.
- "Canada bars British lawmaker over Hamas support", Agence France Presse, 20 March 2009, 8:05pm.
- British MP to sue for defamation after being barred from Canada, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 3 April 2009. Retrieved 3 April 2009.
- Alison Crawford (27 September 2010). "Galloway's Canada ban won't be reviewed". Toronto: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Galloway's Canada ban won't be reviewed — Judge slams minister's 'flawed' interpretation of laws to bar ex-British MP, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 27 September 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2009.
- Mary Gazze (3 October 2010). "Former British MP George Galloway says he'll sue Kenney, Canadian government". Winnipeg: Winnipeg Free Press. Retrieved 12 October 2010.