December 15, 1914|
Griva, Courland Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||June 8, 2011(aged 96)|
|Alma mater||University of Paris
Oxford University (Ph.D)
|Known for||The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism
nuclear magnetic resonance
|Notable awards||Lorentz Medal (1982)
Lomonosov Gold Medal (1995)
Anatole Abragam (December 15, 1914 – June 8, 2011) was a French physicist who wrote The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism and made significant contributions to the field of nuclear magnetic resonance. Originally from Griva, Courland Governorate, Russian Empire, Abragam and his family emigrated to France in 1925.
After being educated at the University of Paris, (1933–1936), he served in the Second World War. After the war, he resumed his studies at the École Supérieure d'Électricité and subsequently obtained his Ph.D. from Oxford University in 1950 under the supervision of Maurice Pryce. In 1976, he was made an Honorary Fellow of both Merton, Magdalen, and Jesus Colleges, Oxford.
From 1960 to 1985, he worked as a professor at the Collège de France. He was awarded the Lorentz Medal in 1982. Abragam was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1974.
- Abragam, Anatole (1961). The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism. Clarendon Press. p. 599. OCLC 242700.
- Abragam A & Bleaney B. Electron paramagnetic resonance of transition ions. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1970.
- Abragam, Anatole (1989). Time Reversal, an autobiography [De la physique avant toute chose (title of the Fr. original)]. Oxford University Press. OCLC 18989324. Worth reading for insight into science, scientific politics, and the human condition—similar in this respect to molecular biologist Francois Jacob's autobiography The Statue Within (Basic Books, 1988).
- http://triangledelaphysique.fr/code_6nfp4c89vh (French)
- http://iramis.cea.fr/Phocea/Vie_des_labos/News/index.php?id_news=4524 (French)
- "Abragam, Anatole". Who Was Who in America, 1993–1996, vol. 11. New Providence, N.J.: Marquis Who's Who. 1996. p. 1. ISBN 0837902258.
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
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