Anders Åslund

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Anders Åslund
Anders Åslund VOA.jpg
Born 1952
Nationality Sweden
Institution Peterson Institute
Field Economics of Transition
Alma mater Oxford University (D.Phil)
Information at IDEAS/RePEc

Anders Åslund (Swedish pronunciation: [andəʂ oːslʉnd]) (born 1952) is a Swedish economist with a particular interest in economic transition from centrally planned to market economies. Åslund served as an economic adviser to the governments of Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Ukraine and from 2003 was director of the Russian and Eurasian Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Åslund was an advocate of early, comprehensive, and radical economic reforms in Russia and Eastern Europe.[1] Åslund has been a senior fellow at the Washington-based Peterson Institute for International Economics since 2006.[2] As David Frum put it, “Anders Aslund at the Peterson Institute is one of the world’s leading experts on the collapse of the planned Soviet economy.” [3]

Åslund is known for making bold predictions that initially arouse controversy but a few years later become conventional wisdom. In his book Gorbachev’s Struggle for Economic Reform (Cornell University Press, 1989), Åslund suggested that the most probable scenario for the Soviet Union was a “radicalized economic reform with far-reaching democratization”.[4] In 1989, he predicted the demise of one communist regime after the other.

Anders Aslund lives permanently in Washington, DC, with his wife Anna and their two children.

Åslund in Sweden[edit]

From 1989 to 1994, Åslund worked as a Professor of International Economics at the Stockholm School of Economics; and in 1989 he became the founding director of the Stockholm Institute of East European Economics.

On April 22, 1990, Åslund published a controversial article in the leading Swedish daily, Dagens Nyheter, drawing parallels between the collapsing communist regimes in Eastern Europe and the social democratic policies in Sweden.[5] He argued that Sweden had too large a public sector; supported communist dictatorships, such as Cuba, in the Third World; and had excessive state intervention in all areas of life. The ruling Social Democratic government opposed the views of Åslund in dozens of articles. In June 1990, Social Democratic Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson voiced public disagreement with Åslund in the Swedish parliament.,.[6][7] However, opposition leader, Carl Bildt, defended Åslund.[8][7] In September 1991, a coalition led by Bildt’s conservative party won the election over the Social Democrats and he became prime minister.

Involvement in Russian economic reform[edit]

From November 1991 to January 1994, Åslund worked with Jeffrey Sachs and David Lipton as a senior advisor to the Russian reform government under President Boris Yeltsin and Acting Prime Minister Yegor Gaidar.[9] He worked also with Deputy Prime Ministers Anatoly Chubais and Boris Fedorov. Åslund summarized his insights in his book How Russia Became a Market Economy.[10] At the time, his conclusion that Russia had become a market economy was controversial, but afterwards it became a given.[11]

After Russia’s financial crisis of 1998, Åslund insisted that Russia had no choice but to adjust to the world market, although most observers declared the market economy in Russia a failure.[12]

Other Work[edit]

After his experiences in Russia, Åslund worked as an economic advisor to President Leonid Kuchma of Ukraine from 1994–97, and from 1998–2004, to President Askar Akaev of Kyrgyzstan. Åslund has also worked substantially with economic policy in the Baltic countries, first as a member of the International Baltic Economic Commission from 1991 to 1993,[13] and later as an informal advisor to Latvian Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis from 2009.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anders Åslund, Post-Communist Economic Revolutions: How Big a Bang? The Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, and Westview, 1992, pp. 106
  2. ^ http://www.iie.com/staff/author_bio.cfm?author_id=455
  3. ^ http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/04/04/what-the-eurozone-crisis-is-all-about.html
  4. ^ Anders Åslund, Gorbachev’s Struggle for Economic Reform, Cornell University Press, 1989, p.194
  5. ^ Anders Åslund, "Storstäda i Sverige! (Clean up in Sweden!)", Dagens Nyheter, April 22, 1990
  6. ^ http://data.riksdagen.se/dokument/gd09139/html
  7. ^ a b http://www.riksdagen.se/sv/Dokument-Lagar/Kammaren/Protokoll/Riksdagens-snabbprotokoll-1990_GE09131/
  8. ^ Anders Åslund, "Statsministern och verkligheten (The Prime Minister and the Reality)", Svenska Dagbladet, July 3, 1990.
  9. ^ Nelson, Lynn D. and Irina Y. Kuzes, 1994, Property to the People: The Struggle for Radical Economic Reform in Russia. M.E. Sharp, New York.
  10. ^ Anders Åslund, How Russia Became a Market Economy, Washington, DC: Brookings 1995.
  11. ^ Pekka Sutela, The Russian Market Economy, Helsinki: Kikimora Publications, 2003.
  12. ^ Anders Åslund, Building Capitalism: The Transformation of the Former Soviet Bloc, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
  13. ^ Anders Åslund, How Capitalism Was Built, Second Edition, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  14. ^ Anders Åslund and Valdis Dombrovskis, How Latvia Came through the Financial Crisis, Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Private Enterprise in Eastern Europe. The Non-Agricultural Private Sector in Poland and the GDR, 1945–83 Macmillan, London, 1985, 294 pp.
  • Gorbachev's Struggle for Economic Reform, Pinter, London, and Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1989, 219 pp. 2nd ed., Pinter, London, and Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1991, 262 pp.
  • Post-Communist Economic Revolutions: How Big a Bang? The Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, and Westview, 1992, 106 pp.
  • Changing the Economic System in Russia, 1993, ISBN 1-85567-129-8, with Richard Layard
  • How Russia Became a Market Economy, 1995, ISBN 978-0-8157-0425-6
  • Getting It Wrong: Regional Cooperation and the Commonwealth of Independent States, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, D.C., 1999., with Martha Brill Olcott and Sherman W. Garnett,
  • Building Capitalism: The Transformation of the Former Soviet Bloc, 2001, ISBN 978-0-521-80525-4
  • How Capitalism Was Built: The Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Russia's Capitalist Revolution: Why Market Reform Succeeded and Democracy Failed, 2007, ISBN 978-0-88132-409-9
  • How Ukraine Became a Market Economy and Democracy, 2009, ISBN 0-88132-427-2
  • The Russia Balance Sheet, 2009 by Anders Åslund and Andrew Kuchins, ISBN 978-0-88132-424-2
  • The Last Shall Be the first: The East European Financial Crisis, 2008–10, 2010, ISBN 978-0-88132-521-8
  • How Latvia Came through the Financial Crisis, 2011, by Anders Åslund and Valdis Dombrovskis, ISBN 978-0-88132-602-4
  • David R. Henderson, ed. (2008). "Transition Economies". Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (2nd ed.). Indianapolis: Library of Economics and Liberty. ISBN 978-0865976658. OCLC 237794267. 

External links[edit]