Anglican Diocese of Melbourne
|Diocese of Melbourne|
|Archdeaconries||Box Hill, Dandenong, Frankston, Geelong, Kew, La Trobe, Maroondah, Melbourne, Port Philip & Bayside & Kingston North, Stonnington & Glen Eira, and The Yarra|
|Cathedral||St Paul's Cathedral, Melbourne|
|Suffragans||Paul White, Southern Region
Philip Huggins, North West Region
Barbara Darling, Eastern Region
The Anglican Diocese of Melbourne is the metropolitan diocese of the Province of Victoria in the Anglican Church of Australia. The diocese includes the cities of Melbourne and Geelong and also some more rural areas. The cathedral church is St Paul's Cathedral, Melbourne. The ordinary of the diocese is the Archbishop of Melbourne, the Most Reverend Philip Freier who was translated from the Anglican Diocese of The Northern Territory.
The Diocese of Melbourne is divided into three regions each with its own bishop: the Southern Region, the Eastern Region and the North-West Region. The archbishop's residence is Bishopscourt in East Melbourne.
The existence of such differing traditions within the diocese is sometimes a cause of tensions. The difficulty with which an archbishop was elected in 2006 provided a recent example.
The diocese contains two theological colleges, both in the suburb of Parkville, which prepare men and women for ordination and other forms of ministry. Trinity College Theological School, founded in 1878, is part of Trinity College, a residential college within the University of Melbourne and is more Liberal and Anglo-Catholic in tradition. Ridley Melbourne was founded in 1910 in the Evangelical tradition. A founding member of the Melbourne College of Divinity in 1910, Trinity was also a partner in the ecumenical United Faculty of Theology until its disbanding at the end of 2014, and has from 1 January 2015 been a College of the University of Divinity. Ridley is affiliated with the Australian College of Theology.
The Diocese of Melbourne has been affected by issues that have been debated in the worldwide Anglican Communion. The theological diversity of the diocese means that there is sometimes disagreement over more contentious matters. In addition, it is frequently perceived that there is a significant tension between the theologically broad Melbourne diocese and the far more conservative Sydney diocese.
Ordination of women
The diocese has ordained women to the diaconate since 1986 and to the priesthood since 1992. The September 2007 decision of the Appellate Tribunal opening the way for the consecration of women to the episcopate was welcomed by the present archbishop, Philip Freier. General Synod approved a motion in October 2007 which welcomed the "clarity" of the decision. Melbourne's first female bishop, Canon Barbara Darling, was consecrated at St Paul's Cathedral on 31 May 2008. Female bishops are opposed by some within the diocese, particularly conservative Evangelicals and Anglo-Catholics, necessitating the provision of alternative episcopal oversight.
The diocese is divided over the issue of homosexuality. Most conservatives and Evangelicals remain opposed to the blessing of same-sex unions and the ordination of gay and lesbian clergy. Some more liberal people, such as laywoman Muriel Porter, have been very vocal in their support for changes in the church's attitudes towards homosexuality.
In November 2007, the Diocese of Melbourne made a submission to the Victorian Law Reform Commission outlining its position in relation to abortion. The submission stated that "the Anglican Church is for life" and acknowledged "diversity of ... views" within the diocese. However it also declared that the diocese "supports the provision of safe and affordable abortions with appropriate safeguards for women who, for whatever reasons, request them". The underlying ethical view concerning embryonic life is that—
- "while the embryo/foetus is fully human from the time of conception, it accrues moral significance and value as it develops ... we believe the moral significance increases with the age and development of the foetus. The significance increases gradually over time, in parallel with its physical development. As a pregnancy advances, more powerful moral reasons are required to allow the destruction of the embryo/foetus."
The submission was announced in The Melbourne Anglican, in an article entitled "Decriminalise abortion, say Anglican women". This is seen to be the first official approval of abortion by Australian Anglicans.
List of Bishops and Archbishops of Melbourne
|Bishops of Melbourne|
|1847||1876||Charles Perry||Declined to return after a visit to the United Kingdom.|
|1876||1886||James Moorhouse||Translated to Manchester.|
|1887||1901||Field Flowers Goe|
|1902||1905||Lowther Clarke||Became Archbishop of Melbourne in 1905.|
|Archbishops of Melbourne|
|1905||1920||Lowther Clarke||Bishop of Melbourne until 1905.|
|1921||1929||Harrington Lees||Died in office.|
|1929||1941||Frederick Head||Died in office.|
|1942||1956||Joseph Booth||Previously coadjutor bishop in Melbourne (Bishop of Geelong) since 1934.|
|1958||1977||Sir Frank Woods||Translated from Middleton; also Primate of Australia from 1971; knighted in 1972.|
|1977||1983||Robert Dann||Previously coadjutor bishop in Melbourne since 1969.|
|1984||1989||David Penman||Previously coadjutor bishop in Melbourne since 1982; died in office.|
|1990||1999||Keith Rayner||Previously Bishop of Wangaratta, then Archbishop of Adelaide; also Primate of Australia from 1990.|
|2000||2005||Peter Watson||Previously Bishop in Parramatta and then of the Southern Region (both in Sydney diocese).|
|2006||present||Philip Freier||Translated from the Northern Territory.|
List of assistant bishops
|1934||1942||Joseph Booth, Bishop of Geelong||Translated to the diocesan see of Melbourne.|
|1946||1960||John McKie, Bishop of Geelong|||
|1960||1963||Donald Redding||Previously Bishop of Bunbury.|
|1962||1969||Geoffrey Sambell||Translated to Perth|
|1969||1977||Robert Dann||Translated to the diocesan see of Melbourne.|
|1971||1982||Ged Muston||Translated to North West Australia.|
|1982||1984||David Penman||Translated to the diocesan see of Melbourne.|
|1978||1985||David Shand, Bishop of the Southern Region||Previously Bishop of St Arnaud; translated between regions.|
|1985||1988||David Shand, Bishop in Geelong|
|1985||1989||Peter Hollingworth, Bishop in the Inner City||Translated to Brisbane|
|1985||2007||John Wilson, Bishop of the Southern Region|||
|1989||1995||John Bayton, Bishop of the Western Region|||
|1994||2001||John Stewart, Bishop of the Eastern Region|
|1994||2002||Andrew Curnow, Bishop of the Northern Region||Translated to Bendigo.|
|1995||2001||Andrew St. John, Bishop of the Western Region||Current Rector at the Church of the Transfiguration, New York |
|2001||2009||Stephen Hale, Bishop of the Eastern Region|||
|2002||2007||Paul White, Bishop of the Western Region||Translated between regions.|
|2007||present||Paul White, Bishop of the Southern Region|
|2003||2007||Philip Huggins, Bishop of the Northern Region||Region expanded to include Western area.|
|2007||present||Philip Huggins, Bishop of the North West Region|
|2008||2009||Barbara Darling, Bishop for Diocesan Ministries||Translated between roles.|
|2009||present||Barbara Darling, Bishop of the Eastern Region|
- St Peter's Eastern Hill - Parish church of the City of Melbourne
- List of Anglican churches in Melbourne
- "Anglican Diocese of Melbourne, website". Retrieved 2007-10-28.
- Zwartz, Barney (2006-02-18). "One of three, or none, to be archbishop". The Age. Zwartz, Barney (2006-08-22). "City's Anglican bishop named". The Age.
- University of Divinity, Gazette, 29 Aug. 2014.
- Barney Zwartz (2006-03-18). "The New Puritans: The Rise of Fundamentalism in the Anglican Church: Review of book by Muriel Porter". The Age.
- Jane Still (2006-11-14). "A watershed for women priests, 20 years on".
- "Archbishop of Melbourne welcomes decision re women bishops". News release, The Anglican Church in Melbourne. 2007-09-28.
- Roland Ashby (2007-10-25). "Women bishops’ ‘highway’ open".
- Jane Still (2008-04-25). "First woman bishop appointed in Victoria".
- Roland Ashby (2008-06-02). "Joyful end to a long journey for the Diocese".
- "Readers' letters: 'Traditionalists' need care". The Melbourne Anglican. June 2008.
- "Australian Anglican Bishops' Protocol: Women In The Episcopate". 2008.[dead link]
- Barney Zwartz (2007-10-27). "On the brink of schism". The Age newspaper.
- Submission to the Victorian Law Reform Commission Inquiry on the Law of Abortion from the Anglican Diocese of Melbourne, 9 November 2007
- Jane Still, "Decriminalise abortion, say Anglican women", TMA, December 2007
- "Anglicans call for new stance on abortion" The Age
- The Independent – Obituary: The Right Rev John McKie
- Trinity College, Melbourne – Senior Fellows
- Diocese of Melbourne – Bishop John Wilson retires
- John Bayton – Biography
- Stephen Hale to move
- Porter, Brian, ed. Melbourne Anglicans: the Diocese of Melbourne, 1847-1997. Melbourne: Mitre Books, 1997.
- Diocese of Melbourne website
- "Critical Mass" - Young Anglicans in the Melbourne diocese
- Archbishop Philip Freier's Easter message on YouTube
- Melbourne Anglican Study Group