Anomalepididae

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Anomalepididae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Infraorder: Scolecophidia
Family: Anomalepididae
Taylor, 1939
Synonyms
  • Anomalepidae - Taylor, 1939
  • Anomalepidinae - Amaral, 1954
  • Anomalepididae - Robb & H.M. Smith, 1966[1]
Common names: primitive blind snakes,[2] dawn blind snakes.

The Anomalepididae are a family of nonvenomous snakes found in Central and South America. They are similar to Typhlopidae, except that some species possess a single tooth in the lower jaw. Currently, 4 genera and 15 species are recognized.[2]

Description[edit]

These are small snakes, usually less than 30 cm (12 inches) in length, with blunt heads and short, blunt tails. They are mainly burrowing snakes and due to their life style their eyes are vestigial.

Geographic range[edit]

Found in Southern Central America to northwestern South America. Disjust populations in northeastern and southeastern South America.[1]

Genera[edit]

Genus[2] Taxon author[2] Species[2] Common name Geographic range[1]
AnomalepisT Jan, 1860 4 From southern in Central America in Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, to northwestern South America in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.
Helminthophis Peters, 1860 3 From southern in Central America in Costa Rica and Panama, to northwestern South America in Colombia and Venezuela. Possibly, one species has been introduced in Mauritius.
Liotyphlops Peters, 1881 7 Central and South America from Costa Rica south to Paraguay.
Typhlophis Fitzinger, 1843 1 Along the Atlantic coast of South America from the Guyanas to Pará in northern Brazil. Also on the island of Trinidad.

T) Type genus.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d e "Anomalepididae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 29 August 2007. 

External links[edit]