List of Serpentes families

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Snakes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Linnaeus, 1758

This is an overview of the suborder Serpentes, its two infraorders (subdivisions) and the families they contain. This is the group of reptiles commonly known as snakes.

Taxonomy[edit]

There are two infraorders of living snakes: Alethinophidia and Scolecophidia. This separation is based on primarily on morphological characteristics between family groups, but more recently, mitochondrial DNA.

As with most taxonomic classifications, there are many different interpretations of the evolutionary relationships. These include moving of families to different infraorders, merging or splitting of the infraorders and merging and splitting of the families. For instance, many sources classify Boidae and Pythonidae as the same family, or keep others, such as Elapidae and Hydrophiidae, separate for practical reasons despite their extremely close relation.

Alethinophidia 15 families
Family Common Names Example Species Example Photo
Acrochordidae
Bonaparte, 1831
File snakes Arafura file snake (Acrochordus arafurae) Arafura file snake (Acrochordus arafurae) in captivity.jpg
Aniliidae
Stejneger, 1907
Coral pipe snakes False coral snake (Anilius scytale) Anilius scytale.jpg
Anomochilidae
Cundall, Wallach and Rossman, 1993
Dwarf pipe snakes Leonard's pipe snake, (Anomochilus leonardi)
Atractaspididae
Günther, 1858
Mole vipers Western purple-glossed snake (Amblyodipsas unicolor) Atractaspis engaddensis.jpg
Boidae
Gray, 1825
Boas Amazon tree boa (Corallus hortulanus) Corallushortulanus.GIF
Bolyeridae
Hoffstetter, 1946
Round island boas Round Island burrowing boa (Bolyeria multocarinata)
Colubridae
Oppel, 1811
Colubrids Grass snake (Natrix natrix) Natrix natrix (Marek Szczepanek).jpg
Cylindrophiidae
Fitzinger, 1843
Asian pipe snakes Red-tailed pipe snake (Cylindrophis ruffus) Cyl ruffus 061212 2025 tdp.jpg
Elapidae
Boie, 1827
Cobras, coral snakes, mambas, kraits, sea snakes, sea kraits, Australian elapids King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) Ophiophagus hannah2.jpg
Loxocemidae
Cope, 1861
Mexican burrowing snakes Mexican burrowing snake (Loxocemus bicolor) Loxocemus bicolor.jpg
Pythonidae
Fitzinger, 1826
Pythons Indian python (Python molurus) Python molure 13.JPG
Tropidophiidae
Brongersma, 1951
Dwarf boas Dusky dwarf boa (Tropidophis melanurus)
Uropeltidae
Müller, 1832
Shield-tailed snakes, short-tailed snakes Ocellated shield-tail (Uropeltis ocellatus)
Viperidae
Oppel, 1811
Vipers, pitvipers, rattlesnakes European asp (Vipera aspis) Vipera aspis aspis.jpg
Xenopeltidae
Bonaparte, 1845
Sunbeam snakes Sunbeam snake (Xenopeltis unicolor)
Scolecophidia 3 families
Family Common Names Example Species Example Photo
Anomalepidae
Taylor, 1939
Dawn blind snakes Dawn blind snake (Liotyphlops beui)
Leptotyphlopidae
Stejneger, 1892
Slender blind snakes Texas blind snake (Leptotyphlops dulcis) Leptotyphlops dulcis.jpg
Typhlopidae
Merrem, 1820
Blind snakes Black blind snake (Typhlops reticulatus)

See also[edit]

References[edit]